Further from the North.We have received flies of New York papers of the 9th inst, through the courtesy of Capt. Philip Governor Coburn of Maine, was inaugurated on the 8th inst. In his address he was very bitter on the "rebels" and said "the institution of slavery ought to withal in the storm it had raised." A resolution of thanks to Gen. Rosecrans was offered in the U. S. Senate, but not passed — in the House a vote of thanks to Hurst Butler adopted. The leading members of the New York Chamber of Commerce are out in a card protesting against the use of their rooms for the public reception of Burst Butler. We give below some extracts of interest.
Full Particulars of the Lose of the Monitor.The Baltimore Americans correspondent at Fortress Monroe the following account of the loss of the iron-clad steamer Monitor, obtained from her officers: ‘ We left Fortress Monroe on Monday, 10th December, in low of the Rhode Island, with the Passage in fow of State of Georgia Cape Henry afternoon at five o'clock, with a month and light winds. The was way ahead. The weather continued Gan until five o'clock on Tuesday morning when it commenced to blow from the N. W, with a heavy sea running making a clean sweep over all. At 9,30 Cape Hatteras light bore N. N. W., distance twenty miles, the gale still increasing.--The vessel labored very heavily, the bull coming down on every sea with fearful violence. Up to this time the Warthington pump and the bilge in were entirely competent to keep the vessel free. ’ At ten o'clock several heavy seal struck the vessel in succession when word was rent from the ensize room that the water was gaining on the pumps. were then given to start the Ad pump capable of throwing three thousand gallons of water per minute. For a while the water appeared to be kept under. In a short time, however, word was passed from the room that the water was again gaining on the pumps, and was at that time up to the ash pits stopping in a great measure the draft. The water at this time was standing two feet deep upon the ward room floor. All hands were set to work with every bucket at hand to ball. The water, however, kept gaining upon the pumps until within a foot of the fire in the furnaces. A Coster signed was then flashed to call the attention of the Rhode Island to our condition. After much delay, consequent upon the heavy sea running, a boat was lowered from the Rhode Island and sent to our assistants. After several trials she succeeded in getting alongside of us. The Island, at the same time in going attern, caught her launch between side and our vessel crushing the boat badly and bringing her own counter very heavily down upon our side.--For a time she could not move, her engine getting on the century. She finally started ahead and the instinct, as she was succeeded in carrying safety to the steamer thirty of the crew of the Monitor. After the departure of the launch these remaining on board worked at the buckets with a with — The gate at this time was raging furiously, the seas making a over the top of the turret.--The water at this june finished succeeded in rising up in the furnace, and was gradually extinguishing the fire. The steamer in the boders consequently run — down, and the pumps could not be worked for want of sufficient steam. At this time three boats were discovered coming towards the vessel. Word was passed that boats were at band sufficient to take all from the vessels. The was now sinking. Every pump was stopped, and her deck was under water. Several of the in coming off the turret, were wept by the waves to Howard adamant have purish as no assistance could be rendered them. The boats more then off from the sinking vessel. Although several cutreated to come down and get into the boats, some of the crew stupefied with fear, remained standing upon the turret afraid of being swept from the deck. The boats succeeded in reaching the Rhodes Island in safety, and all in them were put on heard. A picked crew, with the gallant officer of the Rhode Island, (Mr. Brown) then shoved off in the launch to return to the Monitor. The moon, which, up to this time had been throwing some light upon the waves, was shut in by dense masses of black clouds. At a quarter to one o'clock in the morning the Monitor's light disappeared beneath the waves. The Rhode Island then started for the spot where the Monitor was seen to go down. Gostar's signals were constantly kept burning, and a strict look out kept up in all parts of the vessel to catch a glimpse, if possible of the missing boat. At daylight nothing was seen on the waves, and, with a heavy heart, we around the spot, as near as could be judged, where the Monitor had disappeared untiliz late in the afternoon. Several steamers and other vessels were spoken, to Jearn, if possible, the fate of the missing boat, but none could be bad. The fetched Fortress Monroe last evening to the Rhode Island. Nothing whatever was saved, except the apparel the officers and crew stood in. The Rhode Island's boat, (first cutter,) referred to above, contained Win Brown, Master's Mate, and seven of the crew, whose names we have not been able to ascertain. They have not been heard of up to this time. There is a possibility that they may have succeeded in ranching the Monitor and taken off some more of the crew, and afterwards been by some coasting vessel in as there were a number passing the next morning.
Beast Butler in Philadelphia.Beast butler arrived in Philadelphia on the 7th, en route for New York and Boston. During the evening he addressed a party of ladies and gentlemen in the reception room of the Continental Hotel. In the course of his remarks he said: ‘"You have been pleased to allude to an act of high executive responsibility, which in the performance of my duty, became a painful necessity — an act which caused more complaints and praises than any other — the execution of William B. Mumford.--(Applause)"’ "Using to the uncourteous terms in which the sociated Confederate Government demanded explanation, no report ever could be made. By offensive language that Government shut off all possible communication on our part. Then it was assumed that some wrong was done, and the proclamation, which you have doubtless all seen, was issued in consequence. "Whether rightly or wrongly, the act still commends itself to my judgment. (Applause) Feeling the utter worthlessness of the man that treason had attempted to exalt into a patriot, I was inclined to spare him; but that was not permitted.--The huge, receives, and gamblers assembled before the execution and received that he should not be hung. It became a question whether they ruled New Orleans or the Commanding General of the United States and from that day there never was any question upon the subject."(Applause.)
Proceedings in the Federal Congress.The proceedings of the Yankee Congress were highly interesting. The House postponed until the 14th instant the resolution of Mr. Blake (Republican) declaring that any proposition for negotiation or cessation of hostilities would be pusillanimous and traitorous, and that the only alternative to the rebels is to submit or be conquered; and also a resolution of Mr. Hotman, declaring that no proposition tending to destroy the Union can be entertained by the representatives of the people, or any department of the Government; and, further, that the common navigation of the Mississippi river must be maintained. An interesting debate then sprung up in the House in regard to the right of secession and the collection of the revenue. In speaking of the discussion the Chronicle (Forney's paper) says: ‘ Mr. Stevens conducted the discussion on one side entirely alone, and against him were arrayed in solid column but with diverse tactics, all the "black white and gray spirits" who have composed the opposition to the present Administration, and who have agreed on no one point of theory or practice, except in voting steadily and unanimously against every practical proposition looking to the suppression of the rebellion — the Army Appropriation bill alone excepted. While the views of Mr. Stevens were clear logical, and consistent with his avowed purpose of putting down the rebellion at any cost, the confusion of ideas manifested by the Opposition was ludicrous in the extreme. Though professing the strongest desire to crush the rebellion, they shrink with honor from every movement of the Government which tends to the overthrow, either total or partial of the system of slavery, and it is curious that though the emancipation proclamation is not intended to affect the slaves of the constituents of any member of the House, these gentlemen oppose it just as warmly as though it touched their own property. Then advocacy of every is thus shown to be a political principle, and though they do not love the Union less they unquestionably love slavery more. It is this feral defeat in their political creed which renders their arguments sophistical and inconsistent, and really arrays themselves against the country. Viewed in this light the debate is interesting, though it was purely abstract and theoretical, and no views of particular novelty were brought forward on either side. ’
The strength of the Two Armies at Murfreesboro'.The Knoxville Register says that our forces reduced by Lt. Gen. Smith's corps being sent to Mississippi did not, in the battle of Murfreesboro', exceed 30,000, while the enemy numbered over 50,000. A letter to the Cincinnati Gazette shows that the enemy knew this fact. It says. ‘ It had been ascertained that Bragg's force did not at any time exceed 45,000 effectives of all arms. On the 24th of December it had been depleted by the detachment of a portion of Forrest's Cavalry, sent to cut Grant's communication; of Morgan's cavalry, pushed out to cut our own communication; and of one division, say 5,000 men, of Kirby Smith's corps, which were ordered to reinforce the rebel army of Mississippi. All together, say 10,000 men. It now seemed opportune to strike. It was unfortunate that the Cumberland river was almost hopelessly unnavigable, so that it was of no possible advantage to us. ’ It was most desirable that it should become navigable for gunboats and supply steamers, that victory might be swiftly and continuously, followed. But such a combination of advantages was not within the fair range of probability, and movement was determined. The order was issued Christmas eve. The columns were to push out at dawn on Christmas morning. The order, however, obtained such wide publicity that it was countermanded before midnight, but it was renewed Christmas day, and the movement begun on the morning of the 26th.
A New England dinner — speeches from Henry
The anniversary of the "Landing of the Pilgrims" on Plymouth Rock was celebrated by the negro worshipping, tin paddling descendants of the said pilgrims, in New York, a few days ago, by a dinner at the Astor House.
Among the distinguished guests present were three Brigadier-Generals, Hen. John Van Buren, and the Mayor of New York.
There gentry, who used to make our brooms and blacking brushes for us before the war, took their dinner with one grace before it and one after to settle it, and then commanded their speeches.
We copy a report of the proceedings from a New York paper.
Mr. Wm. H. Evarts, the President, in his address said: ‘
New England had never yet failed in her duty or in her disposition towards the whole country. --(Applause) In the days of the Revolution she withhold neither men, money, nor conciliatory counsel.
And now, said he, we are having another war in which New England beats her share.--There is no surer sign of it than that wherever there is a battle there is mourning in many a New England home.
Wherever it may be, North or South, in the field of the campaign, East or West in the scene of the war — wherever death and wounds visit the army of the Union, New England is clothed in mourning.
In the order of things that is to follow the war what part is New England to take?
Some say — as they think — that she is to have everything her own way. Others say — as they hope — that New England is to have no share at all, but be left to herself.
Her ancient glory and her present fame are to form her future.
I have no concern, gentleman, either as a New Englander or as a citizen of the Union, on that subject.
New England will have just the share which she had in the Revolution and in the conciliation which followed it, and which the has in the war that now overspreads the country; and that share will be just such as her wisdom and her patriotism shall entitle her to, and no more.
Mr. Evarts then announced the first regular toast:
The Day we Celebrate — An era in the history of civil and religious liberty; it commemorates the sacrifices, the virtues, and the zeal of our Pilgrim Fathers and serves to kindle anew our reverence for their pious patriotism and our attachment to free institutions.
The hand performed "Old Hundred," many of the audience chiming in with the music.
Mr. Evarts read the following sentiments, telegraphed between this society and the New England Society of Montreal: ‘
The New England Society of the city of New York in the New England Society of Montreal sends greeting — Wherever the children of New England gather to celebrate this day, may they bear true witness to those principles of civil and religious liberty which their Pilgrim Fathers loved. ’
The New England Society of Montreal to the New England Society of New York send their greeting — Although residing under the British flag, our Hearts beat warmly to the descendants of the Pilgrims, wherever scattered.
We heartily sympathize with them whether in their quest New England homes, in the capital of the Western World, on the field, or in the hospitals, in this the hour of our country's need.
May the next return of this day find a united, a free, and a peaceful republic.
The second regular toast was.
The President of the United States.
The assemblage rose and cheered heartily, the band playing "Hall to the Chief," and one member hurrahing for "the 1st of January, too. "
The third regular toast was,
The Governor of the State of New York.
The fourth regular toast was,
The City of New York--First in population commerce, and wealth; she owes this greatness to the Union of the States, she will give her strength to uphold and defend it.
To this toast Mayor Ondyke responded.
He said that the conduct of New England in the present war proved that the people of New England possessed in the highest degree the purest principles of patriotism and the warmest love of civil liberty; that New York would give of her strength and resources to the support of the Union until her last arm was paralyzed and her last dollar expended; that this city had already furnished over seventy-five thousand volunteers to the Union army, and one hundred and fifty million dollars of money as a free-will offering, which she was ready to repeat when called upon.
This was a Democratic city — most decidedly so — as everybody would admit who had taken the trouble to read the returns of the recent elections.
(Laughter.) The leaders of the rebellion were also Democrats, and in perfect harmony with the Democratic party of the North, and they counted on the strong ties of party here; but, thank God, they were mistaken.
(Applause) The Democracy of this city had, with perfect unanimity, wheeled to the support of the Administration.
This city was thoroughly and unequivocally loyal, and would stand by the Government and the Union until the accursed rebellion was suppressed.
He did not believe that the Democratic party--or any other party in the loyal States--would ever consent to any terms of peace that were not entirely compatible with the honor of the North, and that perpetoity of the Union.
The fifth regular toast was,
Our Country--Founded on the principles of our Pilgrim Fathers, like the rock on which they landed — it shall stand unshaken, and be forever the house of all races — the common inheritance of all mankind.
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher responded. Some men now-a-days were ashamed, he said, of being New Englanders, but these men had better be certain first that New England had not a right to be ashamed of them.
New Englanders were radicals for three hundred years past.
They had engaged in endeavoring to give ascendancy to reason over passion and to moral sentiment over the lower instincts of man. New Englanders had more money invested in houses, ships, in factories than any other people on the face of the globe.
Over against them was planted a people with magnificent soil, grand rivers, broad bays and how did they live?
He would not say "above the brutes," for did not the squirrels live better?
The poor white men of the South were the poorest fed, the poorest clothed, the poorest educated, and the most miserable trash on this continent.
The secret of New England was her moral radicalism.
What institution had the South ever given to the Union?
Only one, and the sequence of that was rebellion.
New England had never given slavery to the country, but liberty; had never given rebellion, but always fealty; had never given war, but always troop upon troop of her sons to fight for the land.
Whoever might be first tired of this war, until the country was cleansed of the abominable outrage of rebellion, it would not be New England.
(Cheers). He understood that an effort was to be made to placate the South to induce the rebels to lay down their arms by our setting the example, and to have the West, Pennsylvania, and New York come in, and New England left out in the cold.
He defied them to keep her out. New England was the pickpocket of the globe — the picklock of the world.
She could go where air could go; she could fly where birds could fly; she would be found where the reasons could travel.
Did they think that by geographical and political lines they could keep New England at home?
Why, New England would vex them more by the printing press after she was separated from them than she had ever done before.
There should be a much rain of it. Did they think they could keep New England's daughters from being fair, and would they have a league and covenant that Southern and western men should not love them?
If they would not allow New England to regenerate the rest of the country by her religion, she would immediately marry her daughters to them, and do it by the original process of--(Mr. Beecher dropped his voice to a whisper, so as not to be heard by the score or two of ladies just behind him, and, amid a general outburst of laughter, repeated the word "regeneration," without the first syllable.) He then sat down, with much applause, laughter, and cheers.
The sixth regular toast was,
The Constitution of the United States--A sacred compact of the people to form a more perfect Union, establish justice insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity.
Mr. Evarts said that as there were only two members of Congress present, there would be no speech in response to this toast, but he would propose three cheers for the Constitution and the Union.
The cheers were given,
The seventh toast was,
Our Common Schools.--They underlie the essential power and glory of New England and are everywhere the best nurseries of public and private virtue, enlightened liberty and true patriotism.
To this toast the Rev, Dr. Lothrop responded in a humorous speech, pleading that after he was notified that he should be expected to speak to "Common Schools," he was asked to leave that toast to one of the members of Congress, and he consented, and was willing to give Common Schools to members of Congress.
(Roars of laughter.)
The eighth toast was,
The Clergy.--As faithful teachers of divine wisdom their influence is universal; may it ever be exerted in behalf of the eternal sentiments of religion and virtue, freedom and justice.
Rev. Dr. Storrs responded in an eloquent speech Mario de Mediate, he said, wanted to have her heart buried under the magnificent cathedral of Colegue — so the hearts and bodies of New England men were to be buried under the magnificent tempts of liberty on this continent.
As Hercules to prove his right to divine honors, was called to his great labors, so the American people had to sabdue, first, the Nemeau lion of English dominion, then the serpent of the French possessions, then the Arimanthean boar of the shaggy wilderness, and then the hydra of slavery; and this modern Christian Hercules of a great new nation would reach forth and grasp and offer to God as his greet tribute the golden apples of the Hesperides.
(Loud and continued applause)
The ninth toast was,
The Army and Navy of the United States.--Devoted to the safety and permanence of the Government; their honor is in obedience to the laws; their fame in the triumph of the Constitution over the rebellion.
In connection with this toast the President read a letter of apology from Major General McClellan, whose name was honored with general applause.
Brigadier General Andrews responded to the toast.
He was followed by Brigadier-General Dwight, late Colonel of the 1st regiment of the Excelsior Brigade.
The latter said: ‘"We can only obtain military success through military criticism.
We shall only obtain it through a General.
We have submitted for fifteen months to delay and defeat, and yet not one military voice has spoken of the General in command.
We have just submitted to a great defeat and a great butchery, and the whole people of the country are charging it every where but where it belongs — to the General in command.
He has come out and acknowledged it. I do not desire the guideline for incompetent commanders; but if success can be obtained in no other way, then in the name of the hundred thousand buried on the peninsula and in Virginia and in the name of the fifteen thousand who felt before Fredericksburg let the guideline be erected.
(Hisses.) I hope that the guideline will not be erected, but that the General will be found,"’
The other toasts were,
The Press — The terror of despots — the glory of freemen; its influence is co- extensive with civilization — its power as universal as the intelligence of mankind.
Our Sister Charitable Societies--Co-laborers in a noble cause; we welcome as our guests their honored representatives.
The Old Homesteads of New England--The abodes of industry and intelligence, of piety and patriotism; they are fresh in our memories and hallowed in our affections.
Woman — The best teacher and guardian of sound principles and true happiness.
At the hour of midnight the proceedings were still in full blast.
Ward Beecher and others.
Arrest of a British Sympathizer in New Orleans.A sub-lieutenant, of the British ship-of-war Vesavina, named Ralph Hantree, went ashore at New Orleans Christmas. A letter in a Yankee paper gives the following account of the "time" he had: ‘ Having clashed around the city all day, and taken in a pretty good supply of crop, he found himself, about half past 9 o'clock at night, on Canal street, where, inspired by John Barleycorn and English sympathy for Secession he began to bellow out, in regular John Bull style and voice: ’ ‘ "Hurrah, harrah for Southern rights, hurrah,
Hurrah for the Bonnie Blue Flag that bears a single star,"
’ the well known burthen of a Secesh song, which is interdicted in this community. The police officer on that beat quietly told him that he was disturbing the peace, and would have to ston- making such discordant sounds; that the Bonnie Blue Flag was not allowed to be sung in our city, any more than it could be permitted to cheer for Jeff. Davis or "Stonewall" Jackson. "Who the bloody — are you? I inquired the Englishman, indignant at the interruption. "I am a police officer, sir, whose duty it is to keep the peace," replied the guardian of the night. "Well you have no right to interfere with me.--I'm an officer in Her Majesty's service and I should like to know what you're going to do about it;" and again he bawled out a line of the song. "You must stop it, sir," said the officer, "or I will arrest you," "Arrest me! I would like to see you undertake it. None of Banks's slaves can arrest me! " The officer went up to take hold of him, when he prepared himself, and gave the "man of the moon" a stunning blow on the peepers. Assistance was called, and although the gentleman of Her Majesty's service laid about for some time, a la Tom Sayers, he was finally taken. There was some difficulty in getting him to the watch house, and while he was in the office, and as the clerk was taking down the charge against him, he struck the officer who brought him in three times in the face. The sub-lieutenant was very indignant on being taken to one of the cells. He became greatly enraged, and acted in so outrageous a manner that he had to be put in the stocks to keep him quiet, where he remained until morning. When brought before Judge Peabody, he complained bitterly of the treatment he had received; but he got off very cheaply by paying a fine of only fifty dollars. The Judge had sentenced him to ten days imprisonment, also; but he softened down and let him go by paying the fine, which was paid in gold.