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Fresh books.

A correspondent of the Charleston Courier, who has run the blockade and arrived safely at Nassau, N. P., is revelling in the fresh fields of literature, from which the South has been so long cut off. He gives a resume of the new publications in England and the United States, which will interest those of our readers who were wont of old to watch the list of forthcoming publications with so much expectancy. We make some extracts from it:

The second volume of Buckle's extraordinary "History of Civilization in England" has been issued. The author died suddenly about six months ago, while on a visit to the Continent. It is not known in what condition he has left the materials for the remainder of the work. Carlyle has published the third volume of his "Frederick the Great." The twentieth volume of Thiers's "History of the Consulate and Empire," treating of the of the Hundred Days, is published work from the pen of his Guizot. "An Embassy to the Court of St. James in 1840, " which is elaborately noticed in all the Reviews.

The muse of Poetry has been remarkably silent. Nothing of importance has appeared since Tennyson's "Idyls." In poetic criticism I notice a "History of Scottish Poetry," by David Irving, Ll D., and "The Roman Poets of the Republic," by Professor Seller, of Oxford. The most noticeable poems are "Elwin of Deirs," by Alexander Smith; "Ancient Poetry and Some Fresher," by the veteran Walter Savage Lander: "Victories of Love," by Coventry Palmore; "The Lady of La Grange, " by the Honorable Mrs. Norton, grand daughter of Sheridan; "Poems," by Adelaide Proctor, daughter of "Barry Cornwall," some additional pieces of Shelley's, edited by Richard Garnett, and "Ballads from Scottish History," by Norval Cline. "The Remains, in Verse and Prose," of Arthur Hallan, the subject of Tennyson's "In Memoriam," is published by Murray.

In politics, international law, and political economy, have appeared John Stuart Mills's work on "Representative Government," which is anti slavery in sentiment; Mr. Spence's admirable essay on the American Question; a work on International Law, by Travers Twiss, D. C. L., said to be the best since Wheaton; "Jefferson and the American Democracy, a Study translated from the Dutch of Cornelius De Witt; "The Duties of Man," by Joseph Mazzini, the crazy Italian reformer, and something from John Raskin, the Arts Critic, entitled "Unto This Last," four essays on the first principles of economy.

"The Roundabout Papers" is a series of essays by Thackeray, republished from the Cornhill Magazine. A readable trifle is "A Book about Doctors," by J. C. Jefferson, who gives all the gossip and scandal about the fraternity.

A learned controversy upon the proper style of translating Homer is raging between Matthew Arnold, Professor of Poetry at Oxford, and Francis W. Newman, Professor of Classics in University College, London. Each disputant has issued a brace of books, and the Reviews have ranged themselves on either side.

No department has been more prolific than that of fiction. At least two-thirds of the publications named in the book lists are of this character. At the head, in popularity, stands Victor Huge's remarkable political romance of "Les Miserable" It has had an enormous sale in France, and has been translated by a dozen hands into the English language. Numerous editions have been issued in London and New York. It might be a table enterprise if one of our ston or Richmond publishers would print it. Thackeray's "Philip" has been lately issued in complete form. The critic think it hardly equal to its predecessors, but it exhibits the same wonderful photography of character and manners so characteristic of the style of the greatest of English novelists. "East Lynne," by Mrs. Wood, has been exceedingly popular.--"Lady Audley's Secret," by Miss Bradden, is described as a "sensation novel," and has had an immense sale. Among the favorite novelists of the time, Bulwer has published his "Strange Story;" Wilkie Collins (author of the "Woman in White") his "After Dark;" G. A. Sala, "The Seven Sons of Mammon;" the authoress of "John Halifax," a domestic story called "Mistress and Maid; " and the authoress of "Adam Bede," another contribution to the intese school of romance, entitled "Siles Marner, the Weaver of Raveloe." The cruelties of the King of Dahomey are made the subject of "The Negro Prince," by a Captain Livingstone who takes his hero to the cotton fields of the Confederate States, and, perhaps rather strangely, says a good word for the "slaveholders." Mrs. Stowe, the author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," has published two stories--"The Pearl of Orr's Island" and "Agnes of Sorrento," the scene of the first being in New England and the last in Italy. The critics pronounce them inferior, and bid her stick to the "nigger" if she wants to keep alive her popularity. The posthumous publications of Major Theodore Winthrop, who was killed at the battle of Great Bethel, "Cecil Dreeme" and "John Brent, " are noticed in the Northern papers. Among the other popular novels are "Chronicles of Carlingford," by Mrs. Oliphant; "The Prodigal Son," by Dalton Cook; "Abel Drake's Wife," by John Saunders; "C Wrong be Right?" by Mrs. S. C. Hall; "Marietta," by Anthony Trollope; and "Barren Honors," by the author of "Guy Livingstone."

In "All the Year Round" Wilkie Collins is publishing a mysterious story entitled "No Name." Ainsworth is writing a serial called "Cardinal Pole," for Bentley's Miscellany, and the authoress of "Adam Bede" another; "Romala," for the Cornhill Magazine. Buliver is contributing some miscellanea for Blackwood, under the title of "Caxtoniani."

Quite a number of pamphlets on "Cotton Cultivation," as well as upon the American war, are appearing in England. The "rebellion" is a fruitful provocative of pamphleteering at the North. Some of the titles are amusing — for instance, "The Present Attempt to Dissolve the Union a British Aristocratic Plot," "Patriotism and the Slaveholders' Rebellion;" "The Drift of the War;" "Cheap Cotton by Free Labor," etc., etc

The American civil war has brought forth a "History of Federal Government from the foundation of the Achaean League to the Disruption of the United States, a bulky work, by Edward A. Freeman, of Oxford University; and "Eighty Years of Progress in the United States," a Yankee glorification affair.

The Westminster Review notices a German work devoted to biographies of German heroes in America. Steuben and DeKalb form the subjects of the first two volumes, and the third is devoted to the notorious Sigel, who is dubbed "the hero of Carihage and Pea Ridge."

"The Washingtons," by J. N. Simpkinson, an English clergyman — an attempt to trace the ancestry of the "Pater Patriæ" in England.--[According to the author, Washington had a right to the title of baronet, which his emigrating ancestry received from James the First; but abandoned upon going to America.]

Besides Anthony Trellope's book, the American Continent is the subject of "Ten Years in the United States," by D. W. Mitchell, and "Down South," by Samuel Phillips Day, correspondent of the London Herald, who is intensely Southern in his sympathies. There are two works on the Mormons, "A Journey to the Salt Lake City," by Jules Remy, a Frenchman, in two volumes, and "The City of the Saints," by R. F. Burton.

The Harpers, of New York, are publishing in numbers a "History of the Great Rebellion. " "The Life and Writings of General Nathaniel Lyon," who was killed at Carthage, is the title of a book from the New York press.

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