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The Northwest.

The signs from the Northwest of the United States grow stronger. The speech of Mr. Merrick, in Chicago, published by us yesterday, is one of the oldest as it is one of the most eloquent outbursts of that long trammeled but irrepressible haired of Aboliqentem and the Lincoln despotism which exists at the North in greater or less degree everywhere, but more especially in the Northwestern States. In its plain dealing with the subject, and hold declarations relative to the commercial and political sympathies of those States, it is fully up to anything yet said by Vallandigham, if it does not, indeed, go a little ahead of him. Mr. Merrick tells the Puritans what they are and what they have done, and he tells them his people have no sympathies with them, and if the Union must be permanently dissolved they will not remain in alliance with them, to be made to bear the burthens of taxation to enrich the manufacturers of New England. He tells them that the sympathies of the Upper Mississippi inhabitants are with the South, and not with them. To this plan talk to the Puritans he adds a great deal to the Washington despotism, such as that the heart of the people of the West is not in the war for subjugation; that subjugation of the South will destroy the Constitution and the liberties of the North; that Lincoln's proclamation of freedom to the slave is gross violation of the Constitution, and must more than ever unite the South, which cannot be conquered by such meats, but will the more assuredly successfully resist them; that the South not only cannot be conquered in this way, but that if she could she would not deserve to be free !

That such a speech should be delivered in public assemblage in Chicago, and receive the repeated and enthusiastic cheers of the audience — and that the Speaker should neither be mobbed nor imprisoned in one of the Northern battles by order from Washington, is matter of surprise, and prove that a revolution has occurred in public opinion there, great in its magnitude and powerful in its force. Were not Lincoln and his spies afraid, they would soon shut up Merrick in a dungeon where he would suffer all the horrors of the Northern prisoners.

We also placed before the reader yesterday an abstract of Mr. Vallandigham's last speech in the United States Congress. His programs for peace and restoration proposes a withdrawal of the Federal troops from the Southern Confederacy, as precedent to a treaty. It is somewhat gratifying that Mr. V., as a leader of the Northern peace party, should connect that measure with his plan. It is well that it should be started, and that the people there should begin to consider it as one indispensable precedent to the establishment of peace.--To that complexion they will have at last to come.

That the jealousy of New England and the impatience of her tyranny is growing stronger daily in the great valley of the Upper Mississippi is plain. That it may become sufficiently deep and wide spread to overwhelm New England and break up the Northern Union, must be regarded as probable by all who have observed the course of events and studied the commercial interest and relations of the North west. The Pharaohs of the land of the Puritans will essay to bind the cords tighter upon their tribute payers of the Upper Mississippi, and this will make them the more impatient of their bondage. Their unrelenting oppressors will continues their impositions until they rise and throw off the yoke and set up for themselves, as Mr. Merrick says.

‘ For us of the South, we must continue to administer the medicine we have with such success given for some time to the Northern hydra. It will soon lay out the monster — an event which promises infinite good to mankind.

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