Progress of the war.
The Herald on Abraham Lincoln as a Dictator — Bennett on his Knees to the future Ozar of the United States.The New York Herald, of the 27th, has the following article on Abraham's prospects for the Dictatorship of the United States: ‘ The important measures which have lately passed, and others which are now under consideration in the two houses of Congress, will leave no excuse for a failure on the part of the present Administration to put an end to the rebellion. With the closing of the present session President Lincoln will be practically invested with the powers of a Dictator. The scope of his authority and discretion as President of the United States will hardly be less than that of Louis Napoleon as Emperor of France. Our whole political system of the peace establishment — including the subordination of the Federal Government to the will of the States and the people — will be reversed; for the States and the people will be rendered subordinate to the will of the Federal Administration. And this will be done, too, through the duly elected representatives of the States and the people in Congress assembled. This most remarkable political revolution is now within a few days of its consummation. The Militia bill, which has passed, places under the control of the President all the militia of the United States for the purposes of the war. The Banking bill, which has passed, and the Treasury note or finance all bill which is under consideration, will invest him with almost unlimited power over the range, finances, and currency of the country; and that other bill which is pending before the House, providing for the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus, will give him full authority over the liberties of the individual citizen. In a word, we may say that with the adjournment of Congress on the 4th of March, President Lincoln, for the two years remaining of his term of office, will be clothed with dictatorial powers — political, military, and financial, over State and citizen, and by the action of Congress and under the authority of the Constitution. This organic instrument and the laws passed in pursuance thereof constitute the supreme law of the land. Nor do we think it can be successfully denied or contested that in straining its warlike authority to the establishment at Washington of a temporary dictatorship, Congress has in the acts indicated passed the barriers of the Constitution. The legislative power of Congress in regard to the militia, in case of rebellion or invasion, and over the financial affairs of the country, and the habeas corpus, is broad and comprehensive. It is possible that with a Napoleon or a Cromwell, clothed with this provisional dictatorship, there would be an end of our Republican institutions and the beginning of an imperial establishment; but there is not the slightest danger of the abuse of his authority by President Lincoln for ambitious purposes. We all know that his ambition is limited to the suppression of the rebellion, but if he were not, we all know that he would be powerless to employ the intelligent, liberty loving soldiers of the Union in any movement involving the suppression of our regular Presidential election. We therefore entertain no apprehensions of evil to the reserved rights of the States or the liberties of the people from these extraordinary powers with which Congress is clothing the President.--On the other hand, as these laws will be passed over to the next Administration they may even then be turned to good account in the application of their pains and penalties to the Abolition disorganizes at the North, after the rebels of the South shall have been reduced to their proper allegiance. Meantime, accepting the plea of imperious necessity, we cheerfully consent to this transformation of our President into a temporary Dictator. We cheerfully consent, in view of the great object of concentrating the forces and resources of the loyal States against those of the rebellion, and in the belief that this is the shortest way to the restoration of the Union, we cheerfully consent to surrender, for the present some of the privileges, immunities exemptions, and blessings of peace to push on this war, upon which depends the very life of this nation. Upon this point the patriotism of the loyal States is surely equal to that self sacrificing fanaticism which governs the people of the rebellions States. These people are under the most terrible despotism ever known to modern times; they bear it, they sustain it, and they submit to conscriptions, crucifies, extortions, privations, sufferings, and losses, painful to contemplate, under the belief that all these things are demanded of them in order to secure the independence of their Southern Confederacy, and under the belief, too, that with the object secured they will have a better Government, and a new career of happiness, security, and prosperity. Are not, then, the people of the loyal States capable of sustaining, it a comparatively light degree the burdens of a struggle upon which not only the life of the Government, but the safety of the property, the home, and the household goods of every man in the country depends? The intelligent will need no prompting to answer this question. But we concur in these war measures of Congress from still another view of the subject. They will admonish the great Powers of Europe that foreign intervention against the Union is not to be thought of and that they can only intervene in support of the cause of the Union. Thus Louis Napoleon may, perhaps, be convinced that the time has arrived when, acting upon Mr. Seward's Congressional peace proposition he may say to Jeff. Davis and his Confederates: Further resistance to the Federal Government is worse than useless — Accept the friendly offices of France in behalf of your submission to the Union or prepare for the consequences. But in every view of the subject, foreign and domestic, we are prepared to sustain these war measures of Congress and to support the President even as a temporary Dictator. Let us support him, and all that we have lost may be restored; but if we abandon him, all that we have may be lost. ’
Chantilly road out from Centreville was pounced upon and all but one captured by a hundred rebels after firing two rounds. It also says that on the same night a party crossed at Kelly's mill and threatened Stafford Court-House; that quite a large body occupy Warrenton, and that Stonewall Jackson is pushing up the Valley towards Strasburg. Gen. Hunter, in South Carolinas, has peremptorily ordered the staff of Gen. Foster to leave his department and proceed North by the first steamer. He has also put Gen. Stevenson, of Foster's corps, under arrest for stating in conversation that he objected to the employment of negro troops in the Government service, and that he (Stevenson) would as soon be beat as employ them as soldiers. Inasmuch as Gen. Foster has been to Washington and returned to Port Royal again it is supposed the difficulties have all been arranged and that matters will soon be all right again. From Kentucky, we learn (the "Herald" says) that the enemy was retreating from that State by way of Mr. Sterling and Hazel Green, and that CeiKinkie with a force of eight hundred men was pursuing them. A subsequent dispatch says the Confederates were overtaken twelve miles from Mt. Storing and were badly beaten after a brisk skirmish. There is a rumor that Breckenridge is advancing on Lexington with 10 (0) men, but this seemed to be doubted. A correspondent from Frankfort says that a gentleman from Richmond reports that our troops are retreating towards Lexington pursued by doth their numbers. A deserter from Lexington, Ky., dated the 16th says that there is great ... and that there are reports there of of Kentucky by a large force which is to cove through Cumberland Gap; of which the military authorities are not advised but that they are beginning to yield to the popular belief that a formidable invasion from that quarter is not far distant. A transport with forage and provisions has been captured by Morgan's man on Barren river, and it is feared another steamer bound for Bowling Greed would share the same fate. ’