By the Governor of Virginia — a proclamation.
--The General assemble or Virginia having passed up act to limit the production of tobacco and increase the production of grain, an it being of vital importance to the people of this State that its provisions should be known: Therefore, I, John Letcher Governor, to appeal hereto a of the act, and invoke the special attention of planters and farmers to its contents. It is not believed that and such a scarcity of provisions or of provender exists at present as to give just alarm for the public safety; but with the means of transportation greatly limited, and many portions of our best producing districts overrun or desolated by a vandal for, a prudent forecast should pel clas so abandon, as forces possible, the cultivation of crops as are not necessary for sustenance; and to increase, to the utmost power of production, every article which may be used as for beast. The General Assembly have not thought proper to prohibit altogether the production of but have endeavored the quantity. Would is not be and wise for every true Virginian to such land as be intended heretofore for tobacco to the growth of such crops as will enable him to increase his stock of animals for food, and give to all the people of the State an abundance? The in table spirit and generous devotion of the Southern men, and the patriotism of our women, can never be the strong arm of power, let is not be said that the heart sickened and the ves were by the power of famine or threatened went. I in the carrest consideration of the people to this important subject. Given under my hand at Richmond, and under the seal of the Commonwealth this 16th day of March, 1863, and in the 87th year of the Commonwealth.
An act to limit the production of Tobacco and increase the production of grain.[Passed March 12th, 1863] Whereas the comfortable support flour soldiers in the field and the maintenance of their helpless families at home, is not only a duty of patriotism and humanity, but is absolutely essential to the successful prosecution of the struggle or independence in which we are engaged; and, whereas, the actual or threatened occupation of a large portion of the State by the public enemy, and the tation of other portions of it leaves burn small portion, comparatively, in which the pursuits of agriculture can be peacefully and safety followed, and from which both army and people are to be subsisted; and, whereas it is of importance that the labor of this portion the state shall not be diverted from the production of grain into other channels so as to in our the hazard of a want of bread:
- 1. Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, That it shall not be for any person, either for himself or another to plant within the limit's of this State, in any one year, a larger quantity of tobacco than twenty-five hundred plants for each hand between the ages of sixteen and fifty-five years, actually and regularly employed in the cultivation thereof as a find hand, provided that it shall be law for any planter to plant a crop of ten thousand plants, and no planter shall plant a crop of more than eighty thousand plants.
- 2. It shall be the duty of every person engaged or intending to engage in the cultivation of tobacco, either for himself or another, to render an oath to the commissioner of the revenue of the county and district in which such person may reside, and accurate list of a field hands, which list the commissioner is hereby required to take and return with the property books.
- 3. Any person violating the provisions of the first section of this act shall be seemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined in a not less than five hundred dollars, nor more than five thousand dollars; and shall, moreover, forefelt the full value of all the tobacco produced by him beyond the amount specified in said first section, to be paid to the County Court of the county in which the offence may have been committed, and applied in defraying the expenses incurred by such county in providing for soldiers in and supporting their families.
- 4. For a violation of the second section of this act, either by a planter or commissioner of the revenue the offender shall be deemed guilty of demeanor, punishable by a due of not less then ten dollars for each offence.
- 5. It shall be the duty of the judges of the Circuit Courts and of the attorneys of the Commonwealth in the County Courts to give this act specially in charge to the grand juries of the several counter; and it shall be the duty of the commissioners of the revenue to inform the Attorneys for the Commonwealth in their respective counties of all violations thereof which may come to their knowledge; and the said Attorneys shall cause the offenders to be prosecuted.
- 6. This act shall be in force from its passage, and shall continue in force during the existing war with the United States and no longer.
Wm. F. Goedon Jr.,
G H. D and K. of R. mh 18--1&3t