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Vallandigham a arrest.

The arrest of that brave and able defender of constitutional rights at the North--C. L. Vallandigham — is an event which ought to lead to some great consequences. Whether it will or not remains to be seen. It may be that the small riots, so soon suppressed, the arrest of a number of Vallandigham's friends, together with the extinction of the newspaper at Dayton called the Empire, of which Mr. V. was the editor, is to end the matter. If it stops just there, then indeed the Northern people are under the control of a despotism unsurpassed for its efficiency. Mr. Vallandigham was a candidate for the office of Governor of Ohio, and was receiving evidences from popular demonstrations which justified the hope of his election. It may be inferred that the step taken by the Government was prompted by the fact. For a long time it has discontinued the arrests of citizens of the North on suspicion of disloyalty, or for words uttered Vallandigham never has ceased to declare his horror of the Lincoln despotism, and to denounce its usurpations of power. But even when Lincoln was arresting thousands, and filling his prisons, he would not put his hands on the fearless Congressman from Ohio. Therefore his arrest at this time betrays a sense of exigency not before entertained.

Whether or no the people agreeing with Vallandigham will tamely contemplate his imprisonment — will uncomplainingly and inactively acquiesce in the arrest of their great leader and hundreds of others of their fellow citizens — time must disclose. Certainly he is not the leader of a small party — certainly the wave agitated by his powerful intellect was no small one--and it would indeed be strange if the scenes depicted by the last arrival from the North should be the last of them all. The great reverses of the Federalists at the Wilderness and Fredericksburg may give some encouragement to the opposition and elicit some further evidence of its vitality. All we can say is, that if, after the demonstrations we have heard of at the North, there be a universal submission there to the atrocious despotism at Washington, then the Northern people are not fit for free institutions, and should not be allowed to enjoy them.

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