Later from Europe.the United States and England the Peterhoff question Amiable Disposition of Seward — the "Times" Fatting both sides on the back, &c., &c
The steamship America, from Queenstown, May 3d, with two days later news than the Bohemian, has arrived at Halifax. The news from Europe (according to the Yankee journals) is more pacific. The case of the alleged privateer Alexandria is set down for a speedy trial. An agent is to be sent to assist Mr. Adams towards an early settlement of all cases as to seizures or searches at sea. The Times cautions British Union sympathizers not to favor a precedent for search of neutral vessels at sea, which may be used to "harass" English commerce in all parts of the world, and adds that if American writers are to be trusted, England will have to call "all the weapons she may possess" into play before long. Consols closed in London, on May 2d, a 93 ½ Liverpool cotton market firmer, and at qualities slightly higher. Breadstuffs and prilvisions steady. Earl Hardwicke has pointed out that the Charleston affair left the value of fortresses against ships exactly as it had always been. Mr. Lazard, in the House of Commons, and Earl Russell, in the House of Lords, stated that a dispatch had been received from Lord Lyons announcing that Mr. Seward had given directions that the mails on board the Peterhoff should be sent to their destination unopened. [Cheers] The American Government had determined not to release the vessel and cargo, but to send them before a prize court. The London Observer, of the 3d, says Lincoln and his advisers a sincere and earnest desire to cultivable the most friendly relations with Great Britain, and to avoid giving just cause of offence. The Times, of the 2d says all just men have come to the conclusion that the old thirteen States had a right to be independent, and it was best they should be so. The inference cannot escape that the Federal will one day come to the same conclusion with regard to the Southern States. The Morning Post says there is no ground for war between England and the United States, and does not believe in its probability. The Times applauds the courage exhibited on both sides, (North and South,) and says the Federal ought to admire the gallantry of the Southerners, who have shown themselves worthy to be sons of freemen, and capable of self-government, and neighbors worthy of being attached to in a cordial and friendly alliance. The Warsaw Journal says Russia has been defeated in two battles, and claims a victory in another. The news from Copenhagen is warlike. Denmark is arming. Seven French ships of war, fully armed, including ironclads, are at Cherbourg, and it is said a French fleet will be sent to the Swedish port of Cariskrona. The London Herald's Paris correspondence says the conviction grows stronger that the avoidance of war with Russia rests no longer with England and France, but with Russia. The Russians were defeated by 3,000 Circassian, and the Grand Duke narrowly escaped capture. He and his followers fled in disorder. Prussia will address a memorandum to the Powers upon Poland. The Poles will publish a counter memorandum. The fine weather increases the number of the insurgents. There are 150 bands in Poland alone.