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Places of note in Mississippi

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Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, contains about 10,000 inhabitants, and is situated on Pearl river, about 46 miles east of Vicksburg, and about 200 miles north of New Orleans. --The Southern Mississippi Railroad, from Vicksburg to Meridian, Miss., and the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad to Memphis and the North cross each other at Jackson.

Vicksburg is situated on elevated, uneven ground, on the cast bank of Mississippi, about 46 miles west of Jackson, and, by the course of the river, about 400 miles from New Orleans. Railroads are projected, and partly completed to Shreveport, in Louisiana, on the west, and to Selma, Ala, on the cast. The latter road (Southern Mississippi) crosses the New Orleans and the Mobile and Ohio railroad at Meridian, Miss.

Meridian is a small place, 134 miles West of North of Mobile, situated on the Mobile and Ohio railroad, where it is crossed by the Southern Mississippi from Vicksburg to Selma. It is about 140 miles cast from Vicksburg, and 24 east from Jackson.

Grenada is situated at the head of steamboat navigation on the Yalabusha river, one of the tributaries of the Yazoo, and 115 miles N. by E. of Jackson, on the New Orleans, Jackson and Northern railroad.

Canton is a flourishing town in Madison county, Mississippi, of which it is the county site. It is situated on the New Orleans, Jackson and Northern railroad, about 25 miles N. E. of Jackson.

Raymond is a village about 16 miles S. W. of Jackson, and about 8 miles South of the Southern Mississippi railroad, with which it is connected by a branch road, and about the same distance from the New Orleans, Jackson and Northern railroad.

Okolona is a small town in Mississippi, on the Mobile and Ohio railroad, about 75 miles a little northeast of Grenada, and 260 miles south of Corinth. At present the cars on the Mobile and Ohio railroad do not run beyond Okolona.

Grand Gulf is a small town on the east bank of the Mississippi river, 2 miles below the Big Black, and about 60 miles southwest of Jackson.

Port Gibson is a flourishing town on the Bayou Pierre, a small stream which enters the Mississippi about 10 miles below the Big Black, and is situated about 28 miles from the mouth of the Bayou, about 10 miles southeast from Grand Gulf, and 65 miles southeast from Jackson.

Port Hudson is a town of some importance in the parish of East Feliciana, La., and is situated on the east back of the Mississippi, 155 miles above New Orleans, and about 250 miles below Vicksburg, by the course of the river, and is distant about 130 miles southwest of Jackson by land.

Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, situated on the east bank of the Mississippi, 25 miles below Port Hudson by the course of the river.

Pearl river rises in the Northern central part of Mississippi, and flowing in a southerly direction past Jackson, a distance of 250 miles, passes through Lake Borgne into the Gulf of Mexico.

Yazoo river is a deep, narrow, sluggish stream, 290 miles long from the junction of the Tallahatchie and Yallabusha (which form it) to its mouth on the Mississippi, about 12 miles above Vicksburg. In navigable qualities it is said to be unsurpassed by any river of its size.

Yallabusha river rises a little to the westward of Okolona, and pursuing a westward course, unites at Leflore with the Tallahatchie and forms the Yazoo. In the winter it is navigable by steamboats to Grenada, on the New Orleans, Jackson, and Northern Railroad, a distance of 90 miles.

Tallahatchie river rises in the extreme Northern middle part of the State, and running first a southeast, and then a southerly direction, forms a junction with the Yalabusha at Leflore, about 100 miles by land, north of Jackson, and forming the Yazoo. Its length is about 250 miles, and it is navigable to the mouth of the Cold water Creek, a distance of 100 miles.

Sunflower river is a small stream rising near the Mississippi river, and after flowing about 250 miles, enters the Yazoo about 75 miles from its mouth.

Big Black river rises in northern central Mississippi, (in Choctaw county,) and flowing about 200 miles in a south westerly direction, passing between Jackson and Vicksburg, empties into the Mississippi river two miles above Grand Gulf.

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