Latest from the North.We are indebted to the courtesy of Hon. Robert Ould, Commissioner of Exchange, for files of Northern papers of Wednesday, the 31 inst. The latest direct news the Yankees have from Vicksburg is to the 28th ult., and that only conveys the intelligence of the sinking of the gunboat Cincinnati, while attempting to pass the batteries there. She was opened upon by batteries which were supposed to have been silenced and sunk, losing about 40 killed and wounded. We give two dispatches published in the Western papers: Cincinnati, June 1.--The Commercial has full particulars of the operations of General Grant's army up to the 22d ult. When our army advanced on Vicksburg it was confident of an easy conquest; but the ground in the rear of the city was found so broken and rugged as to be almost impassable by artillery, and the rebel fortifications were very formidable, being grass grown, &c, showing that preparations had long since been made to stand a siege upon the land side. The main fortifications consist of a chain of forts, about eight hundred yards apart, connected, by deep entrenchments, and extending seven miles. Our loss in the assault on the 22d was about two thousand. It was the opinion that another general assault would not be ordered, but the city be taken by regular siege approaches. The Gazette published advices up to the 27th, received through a staff officer of one of Grant's Generals, who left for Washington last evening. Three assaults had been made by our forces, in all of which we were repulsed. In the last assault made by General Sherman, with 20,000 men, we lost 600 killed and a large number wounded. Our outer line is within a hundred yards of the rebel works, and our sharpshooters prevent the rebels from working their guns. The rebel works in the rear of the city are far more formidable than those in front. Johnston is in the neighborhood of Jackson with about 15,000 men. He is short of provisions and ammunition. No apprehensions are felt of any serious attack in the rear. The officer from whom this information is obtained says Grant has taken 8,400 prisoners and 84 pieces of artillery. A private letter received here from an officer of the 4th Iowa regiment, Steels's division, reads as follows: "In the Field Before Vicksburg, May 22.--We are succeeding beyond our most sanguine expectations. Yesterday the enemy sent out a flag of truce, offering to surrender the place and all their munitions of war if they would be allowed to pass out. Nothing but an unconditional surrender will be accepted. Our regiment charged the breast works day before yesterday; but they were too much for us, and forced us to advance to the rear, behind a friendly point of land. I write within speaking distance of the enemy's works. Our sharpshooters fight them all day, and carafe them at night. We are sheltered behind a hill from the enemy's fire, but if we should chance to look over the hill, a rebel bullet is sure to come after it. We have kept the position since night before last, and, with our sharpshooters, are protesting the remainder of our brigade, who are directly under the hill on which are the rebel works, and within fifty yards of them. We have the enemy completely surrounded, our right resting on the Yazoo, and our left on the Mississippi, below Vicksburg. The place will certainly fall in a few days before our heavy fire. Washington,June 1 --Midnight — Up to 1 o'clock to-night no additional intelligence had been received from Gen. Grant's army later than the previous dispatches of the 28th, when it was stated that Grant's forces were progressing as favorably as could be expected, and Grant had no fears of the result. Chicago,June 1.--A special dispatch to the Times, dated "Headquarters in the Field, near Vicksburg, May 23," says: ‘ But little has been effected during the last thirty six hours. Over a hundred pieces of field artillery and several siege guns rained shot and shell on the enemy's works yesterday. The mortar fleet also took a position behind De Soto Point, and bombarded the city the entire day. On the right General Sherman has pushed Steels's division squarely to the foot of the parapets. Our men lay in a ditch and on the slope of the parapet, inside of one of the principal forts, unable to take it by storm, but determined not to retire. The Federal and rebel soldiers are not 25 feet apart, but both are powerless to inflict much harm. Each watches the other, and dozens of muskets are fired as soon as a soldier exposes himself above the works on either side. Nearly the same condition of things exists in McPherson's front, and his sharpshooters prevent the working of the enemy's pieces in one or two forts. A charge was made yesterday (Friday) morning on one of them by Stephenson's brigade, but was repulsed. Two companies of one brigade got inside, but most of them were captured. The forts are all filled with infantry. Our artillery has dismounted a few guns and damaged the works in some places, but they are still strong. General McClernand was hard pressed on the left yesterday, and sent for reinforcements. General Quimby's division went to his assistance at 4 o'clock. The contest continued till one of our flags was planted at the foot of the earthworks on the outside of a rebel fort, and kept there for several hours, but the fort was not taken. McClernand's loss is estimated at one thousand, killed and wounded, yesterday. The fighting grows more desperate each day. The transports are now bringing supplies to within three miles of our right. Gen. Joe Johnston is reported to be near the Big Black river, in our rear, with reinforcements for the besieged army. Gen. Grant can detail men enough for the operations here to keep Johnston in check. ’
The latest rebel reports from Vicksburg.The President last night received the following dispatch from Gen. Butterfield:
--To His Excellency A.Lincoln,
An extra of the New Orleans Era of Sunday, the 24th, gives some of the Dutchman Augur's lying dispatches. The death of Gen. Pemberton is rather startling:
Near Port Hudson, May 23.
G. H. Halstead, A. A. G.
[Second Dispatch.]General Grant has had a tremendous victory over Johnston at Champion Hills, capturing over 6,000 prisoners and more than sixty pieces of artillery. He has invested Vicksburg, carried the first two lines of the city defences, and his right now rests upon the Mississippi river, from whence her receives his supplies. Altogether, Gen. Grant has captured over one hundred pieces of artillery. Deserters and prisoners report that General Pemberton has been hanged by his own men.
Resolutions of the New York State Democratic Committee.The State Democratic Committee of New York met at Albany on the 28th, and passed a series of resolutions. The first resolves that they will continue to render the Government their sincere and united support in all legitimate means to suppress the rebellion. The resolutions next talk about peace. Here are two very significant ones: That we have not faith in the views, the purposes, or the capacity of any dominant party to determine questions of vital importance to the liberties, the rights, and the happiness of the American people. That we hold that it is as incapable of making an honorable, beneficent peace, as experience has shown it to be of waging successful war. That as the inauguration of affirmative peace movements at this time by those who have no power to give effect to their views, might afford the dominant party a pretext, in conspiracy with the Southern Confederacy, to make a peace by a separation of the States--and whereas the Democratic and Conservative masses of our people, who are opposed to any terms of peace which fail to restore the Union and save the Constitution, hesitate to trust that measure to the hands of those who are hostile to both we deem this a fit occasion to protest against, the negotiation of a peace by the Administration, except upon the basis of a preservation of the Union, and of the Government established by the Constitution. The despotism of Lincoln's Government next comes in and is appropriately denounced. To this is given a preamble and four resolutions, which are worth reading: Whereas, The great end of all free Governments is to secure to the people the rights of persons, of property, of the fireside, of speech and public discussion, and of religious and political opinion. Therefore, in behalf of the Union-loving and law abiding citizens of this State, we repel and denounce the slavish, cowardly, and despotic principles thus put forth by a political assemblage, which appropriately assumes the "loyal" designation under which the tories of the Revolution proclaimed their unconditional support of the King of Great Britain. And we charge that many of the active agents in getting up said meeting were influenced by pecuniary and personal interests, in contracts, office, and stocks. Resolved, That we accept the issue thus tendered us by a party which proclaims its contempt of the Constitution and the laws, and that we will go before the people of this State and of the country with full confidence that they will not throw away those principles of civil and religious liberty taught to them by the great and good men of the country, and incorporated in the foundation and framework of our Government. Resolved, That not only the disorganizing principles avowed by the retainers of the Administration, but the arbitrary acts of its subordinates, are calculated to inspire the friends of constitutional government throughout the world with alarm. The dispersal of conventions of the people by armed force, the suppression of public journals, the arrest of civilians and clergymen for opinions uttered in the forum and the pulpit, and their cruel and unusual punishment, the coercion and falsification of the votes of soldiers, the public removal, with opprobrious stigma, of an officer of a New Hampshire regiment for the offence of voting the Democratic ticket are acts which run through the whole code of despotic systems, and turn the guarantees of constitutional liberty into a mockery and a snare. Resolved, That while we do not object to the rightful exercise of military law within the lines of warlike operations, or awed the scenes of insurrectionary strice, we maintain that beyond these limits the civil law is supreme, and that those who seek to prostrate it by force of arms are traitors to the country and the Constitution. Resolved,That we recognize in the states man rise letter of Governor Seymour to the late Albany meeting a noble defence of the principle of civil liberty, to which we pledge our firm and unanimous support.
Sympathetic Meetings for Vallandigham — his farewell address.A very large meeting to denounce the arrest of Vallandigham was held in Philadelphia on the 1st instant. Among the speakers were Hon. Wm. Bigler, Charles J. Biddle, Charles J. Ingersoll, and others. The speeches and resolutions were cautions, but determined. Ingersoll said that the ballot box must be reached by the people, "force or no force."--Another meeting was hold at Buffalo, N. Y., on the 2d. Just before leaving prison Vallandigham prepared the following farewell address to his friends in Ohio:
Cincinnati Ohio, May 22d, 1863
To the Democracy of Ohio:
From near Charleston — the Yankees increasing the Strength of their fortifications.A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer, writing from Folly Island, says they are strengthening their works there to such an extent that the island is now impregnable, and a safe base of operation. He says: ‘ Especially have strong fortifications been built upon the northern end of the island, which, as you know; is separated from Morris Island by an inlet. We have mounted guns on these fortifications which command, to a certain degree, some of the rebel works, but as yet we have commenced no offensive demonstrations. Neither have the rebels been idle, but they, also, no doubt anticipating our designs against Morris Island, have been making their position stronger every day, and erecting heavy batteries on the lower end of this island parallel to and opposite our own. They, as yet, have evinced no desire to open the ball. I do not think that the present quiet will continue much longer, but that there will soon be active operations of some sort, either a reconnaissance in force or a preliminary expedition against points concerning which we desire information in reference to the rebel forces, and their disposition. The rebels will probably not risk a visit to Folly Island. Coles's Island, also in our possession, is near Folly Island, lying further inward. Upon this island we have rejuvenated batteries which we erected last year, and find them sufficiently strong to hold the position. We also hold Kiawah Island, which is opposite Folly Island, on the other side of Stono Inlet. It is a position of not much importance since if we hold Folly Island, that is sufficient to command the harbor, and, above all, furnishes us with the proper base of operations against the rebel hordes around Charleston, and especially south of it. ’
Down to the ground.Baltimore is an enterprising, go-ahead city, and when she does take hold carries her object out. Her Council, while they do not represent the feeling of the city, seem determined to imitate her energy, and while they are truckling to Lincoln, intend to go to the lowest depth. The resolutions published below passed both branches of that body by a unanimous vote: Whereas, Clement L. Vallandigham, of the State of Ohio, has long been endeavoring in his public speeches to create dissections in our country, poison the public mind, and give aid and comfort to those who are in rebellion against the Federal Government: Therefore, Resolved, by the Mayor and City Council of Baltimore, That they have heard with plea-sure of the arrest and transportation beyond our lines of Clement L. Vallandigham, and that in their judgment the best interest of the country and the preservation of the Government fully justified the proceeding. Resolved, That while they consider that all measure of the Federal Government are subjects for just and fair criticism, they do not believe that at a time like this any man should be tolerated who is plainly, palpably, and notoriously endeavoring to create a factious opposition to the Government, thereby increasing the difficulties of putting down the rebellion. Resolved, That the Honorable John Lee Chapman, Mayor of the city of Baltimore, be and is requested to transmit a copy of these resolutions to the President and Gen. Burnside.
Gen. Hunter has been recalled from the Department of South Carolina: Before he was recalled he wrote and published a letter to President Davis, in which he said: ‘ In the month of August last you declared all those engaged in arming the negroes to fight for their country to be felons, and directed the immediate execution of all such as should be captured. I have given you long enough to reflect on your folly. I now give you notice that, unless this order is immediately revoked, I will at once cause the execution of every rebel officer and every rebel slaveholder in my possession. ’