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Affairs in Texas-Contemplated Federal Invasion.

We have been placed in possession of files of Texas papers as late as the 25th ult. Parties who have arrived in Texas from California state that the Federal troops at Tuscan, Arizona, were under marching orders for the Rio Grande. They are to fall in with Gen. Carleton's command somewhere in Texas. The object of this expedition is said to be to cut off the supplies the Confederacy is receiving by the Rio Grande and through Mexico. It numbers about 5,000, including U. S. regulars and New Mexico and California volunteers. It is said they expect a force of 5,000 more men can be raised in Texas and on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. This expedition will probably work its way towards the Gulf, with the aid of the Union men (as they say) in Texas, until the boundary shall be entirely in the Federal hands. They believe the enterprise to be easy of execution. Their troops will probably start from El Paso, and take possession of the chain of forts extending towards San Antonio, and make each in succession the base of operations against the next, until the army is within easy communication with a cooperative force upon the Gulf. Residents of Texas say that, even if they should bring 30,000 men — which we know full well they cannot do at this time — they would not be able to guard a fine like that of the Rio Grande, 1,800 miles long.

Gov. Lubbock, in his message, states that Texas has furnished some 87,000 troops for the Confederate army. He recommends a State conscription law, to embrace all between the ages of 16 and 60, and this law has been adopted by the Legislature, and is now in force. The Governor stated that, according to the closest calculation, this law would add about 27,000 men to the Southern army.

Gov. Vidaurri, at Monterey, is friendly to the South. He is warmly attached to Texas.

The crops in Texas promise abundantly. The greatest danger to be apprehended to our crops is now from an excess of rain, for the present indications are that this is to be one among the few rainy seasons of Texas.

The gunboat Caddo was successfully launched at Galveston early in May. This vessel has been built with great dispatch by Captain Carter, Confederate States navy, naval engineer, and her future commander. It is claimed for her all the excellencies of the gunboats that have gone before her, with many of their defects remedied, and sundry late improvements added. She is all new and built of oak; her walls are said to be four feet thick, and then this is said to mailed with iron. Her ram is of the most formidable character. She will carry four heavy guns. A good part of her machinery is now on her, and as soon as she is mailed she will be ready for the service.

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