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Later from the North.

We are under obligations to the Signal Corps for Northern papers of the 29th and 30th ult. The most important news it contains is the removal of Fighting Joe Hooker from the command of the Army of the Potomac at his own request. The following is Gen. Hooker's farewell address to the Army of the Potomac:

Head'qrs Army of the Potomac,
Frederick, Md., June 26, 1863.

General Orders, No. 65.

In conformity with the orders of the War Department, dated June 27, 1863, I relinquish the command of the Army of the Potomac. It is transferred to Major- General George G. Meade a brave and accomplished officer, who has nobly earned the confidence and esteem of the army on many a well fought field. Impressed with the belief that my usefulness as the commander of the Army of the Potomac is impaired, I part from it, yet not without the deepest emotion. The sorrow of parting with the comrades of so many battles is relieved by the conviction that the courage and devotion of this army will never cease nor fail; that it will yield to my successor, as it has to me, a willing and hearty support. With the earnest prayer that the triumph of its arms may bring successes worthy of it and the nation, I bid it farewell.

Joseph Hooker,
Major General.

The Herald, in a double-headed editorial announces the retirement of Gen. Hooker and the appointment of Gen. Meade "with no ordinary feelings of gratification." It eulogizes Gen. Meade's military qualifications and forbears to "deal harshly" with Gen. Hooker, who has displayed his patriotism by requesting to be relieved of the command of the Army of the Potomac.

A telegram from headquarters says that "nothing could have exceeded the surprise occasioned by this announcement"--the change of commanders. "Gen. Hooker was deeply grieved," etc.

A dispatch from Washington to the Herald, dated the 29th, says the main reason for the removal of Hooker, was a radical difference of opinion between him and Gen. Halleck as to the value of Maryland Heights as a military position during the present active operations.

Hooker was the sixth commander of the Army of the Potomac.

The following is the situation article from the Herald, of the 29th:

‘ The enemy is pressing closely upon Harrisburg. Gen. Lee's whole army is undoubtedly in Pennsylvania. His own headquarters are at Hagerstown, Md., from which he is directing the movements. Gen. Longstreet's corps crossed near Williamsport on Saturday. A great battle is impending at Harrisburg today. Last night the rebels were within three miles of the city, and heavy firing was going on all day. This was probably the outposts, skirmishing as the enemy advanced.

Mechanicsburg was surrendered by our troops yesterday morning, and immediately occupied by the rebels. They also took possession of York, our troops clearing out before them. They have done serious damage to the Northern Central Railroad. both at York and Hanover Junction. They have burnt two bridges at York Haven. The splendid bridge across the Susquehanna at Columbia, a mile and a quarter long, which cost a million of dollars, was burned by our troops under Col. Frick, yesterday.

The utmost consternation prevails throughout the State of Pennsylvania, and at last there appears to be a disposition on the part of the people to rally for their defence. Fugitives, however, keep pouring into Harrisburg, Lancaster, and other cities, in a state of complete terror, bringing their cattle, merchandize and household goods with them.

The rebel Gen Ewell has issued an order to his at Chambersburg, urging the necessity of Virginia and of the army, and prohibiting all straggling, marauding, or plundering, on pain of the severest penalties. He says that all the material which the army requires will be taken under the military rules which govern civilized warfare, and absolutely prohibits all individual interference with private property.

A train of one hundred wagons, loaded with supplies, and nine hundred mules, were captured by the rebels near Rockville, Md., yesterday. Several officers, who were on their way to join their regiments, were also captured.

A rebel force, which is said to be 7,000 strong, and composed of three brigades of cavalry, is reported to be moving eastward towards the Washington branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. They are reported to be commanded by Fitzhugh Lee. It has been ascertained that they passed within 14 miles of Washington, on the north side, and it is presumed that they are striking for the trestle work upon the railroad between the capital and Annapolis Junction.

Refugees who arrived yesterday report that quite a panic exists in Richmond. Only a very small guard was left there, and many of the citizens were leaving and going to Staunton.

The clergymen in Philadelphia have offered their crevices to the Mayor to work on the fortifications.

From the White House, on the Pamunkey river, we learn the full details of Col. Spears's operation to the South Anna, the capture of the rebel General Fitzhugh Lee, a rebel Colonel, a blockade-running Captain, and over two hundred other prisoners. Lee was captured at the house of a friend while he was trying to recover from his wound received at Kelly's Ford. A skirmish occurred at Hanover C. H., where our troops came out conquerors. A rebel baggage train on the way to Richmond, and of great value, was captured and destroyed, and with over a thousand saddles.

The Herald of the 30th, has the following:

‘ The enemy had not advanced on Harrisburg at latest accounts. Skirmishing at various points on the south side of the Susquehanna was going on yesterday, at Oysterville and Maysville especially. All our forces were within the defences at sunset yesterday. The rebels had torn up the track at Marriettasville and Sykesville, thirty-one miles from Baltimore. The damage at the latter place is but slight.

General Early has levied on the authorities of York for $150,000 in greenbacks, 40,000 pounds of fresh beef, 200 barrels of flour, 30,000 bushels of corn, 1,000 pairs each of shoes, stockings, coats, and hats, 5t bags of coffee, and large quantities of sugar and groceries, Gen. Early says "we will occupy the place permanently."

The defenders in the entrenchments at Harrisburg are prepared for an attack to-day.

The enemy is reported crossing the river at Bainbridge on pontoons, with the intention of cutting the Pennsylvania Central Railroad.

The greatest alarm and activity prevail in Philadelphia. The Mayor and Gen. Dana have issued stirring proclamations, appealing to citizens to prepare to defend their homes. There was a great panic in stock yesterday. The coal dealers held a meeting, and resolved to close their collieries until the crisis has passed, to enable the miners to volunteer. The merchants resolved to raise one million dollars for home defence. The Board of Brokers raised $25,000, to be divided among five hundred men, who may enlist for the emergency. A line of entrenchments will be commenced around the city of Philadelphia to morrow. The splendid bridge over the Susquehanna at Columbia, valued at $157,000, was burnt on the 28th, to keep the rebels out of the town.

The rebel cavalry are committing considerable depredations upon cattle and horses around Washington city, at Drainesville and Long Bridge. They have also made their appearance at numerous points in Montgomery county, Md., on Sunday and yesterday, seizing all of the finest horses to take the place of their jaded animals.

Some few of them showed themselves as near Washington as Silver Spring, five miles from the city. They stopped the stage which connects with the railroad at Laurel, and took the horses.

The army of Rosecrans continues to advance at different gaps of mountains. His forces have had severe skirmishing with the enemy in every case with success. The rebel Gen. Cleburne is reported killed at Liberty Gap.

The latest news from Vicksburg is to the 22d of June. The cannonading on the 20th was terrific from the army and the gunboats. The siege was progressing favorably.

The movement is of General Johnston continue wrapt in mystery. He has gone beyond the Big Black, and is reported to be moving South. All the rivers and streams are rising.

All the bonds given by captains of captured vessels to the commander of the privateer Taconey have been found on board the schooner Archer, and are now in possession of the authorities.

Gold is quoted in New York at $1.47½ middling cotton 71.

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