Progress of the War.
Holding farmers responsible for Railroads--Warfare on non-combatants.The following is the order recently issued by the General in Chief of the Yankee army for the repression of "guerilla outrages" on the line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. It is worthy only of the cowardly author, who sits safely ensconced behind the entrenchments around Washington. We find it incorporated in an order from Gen. Howard to his command, the 11th corps, which ran so at Chancellorsville: ‘ The numerous depredations committed by citizens, rebel soldiers in disguise, harbored and concealed by citizens along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and within our lines, call for prompt and exemplary punishment.--You will there arrest and confine for punishment or put beyond our lines every citizen against whom there is sufficient evidence of his having engaged in these practices. You will also notify the people within ten miles of the railroad that they will be held responsible in their persons and property for any injury done to the road, trains, depots, or stations, by guerillas or persons in disguise, and, in case of such injury, they will be impressed as laborers to repair all damages. If these measures should not stop such depredations the entire inhabitants of the district of country along the railroad will be put across the line and their property taken for Government use. ’
The Confederate Sympathizers banished from St. Louis.The St. Louis Democrat, of August 1st, says: ‘ A letter from Capt. Jas. F. Dwight to Col. Broadhead, written at Vicksburg, July 22d, communicates some details of the transfer of the secesh exiles, who left St. Louis on the 10th of July, in custody of Captain Dwight. The boat in which they embarked reached Memphis without special incident, as reported by Capt. Dwight in a former letter. ’ The party arrived at Vicksburg on the 22d of July, on the steamer Sunshine, where Capt. Dwight reported to Gen. Grant, who ordered him to turn over the prisoners and those accompanying them to the Provost Marshal of Gen. Grant's Department. Gen. Grant informed Capt. Dwight that it would be impossible to sent the prisoners east on account of the moving armies, and that it would be probably necessary to send them to Mobile. Accordingly the prisoners and party were turned over by Captain Dwight to Lieut. Col. Kent, Provost Marshal under Gen. Grant, who, 22d of July, transferred them to the steamer Iberville, for New Orleans, to be thence sent under flag of truce to Mobile. All were thus transferred, except Mrs. S. J. Bosher, who applied to be sent through the lines to Texas. The boat was to leave Vicksburg for New Orleans on the 20th, the date of Capt Dwight's letter. Capt. D. sends with his letter a certificate in favor of the officers of the steamer Sunshine for supplying the prisoners with subsistence, it having been impracticable to draw rations. The writer of the letter also states that the conduct of the entire party during his surveillance of them was altogether proper, and the incidents of the trip pleasant in the highest degree. Following is a copy of the order of transfer made by Gen. Grant:
Special Orders, No. 169.
The Yankee draft — Regular troops taken from Meade's army to Pick up conscripts — the conscripts turn out to be. Old deserters — troops sent to New York to enforce the draft, &c.The accounts of the draft by the latest Northern papers continue to be cheering in their character. The drafted men don't go into the army. The Massachusetts men don't seem to come to time at all. In the 9th district of that State eighty per cent. of those drafted were exempted "for sufficient cause." In the 1st district, out of 119 conscripts drafted, 71 received exemption papers, 27 furnished substitutes, 8 paid the $300 exemption, and only 13 were passed. In the 5th district 350 were discharged, 19 paid the exemption, and only about 75 recruits were the per- sons who go as substitutes the following paragraph from the Philadelphia Ledger may give some information: ‘ The 200 substitutes that left the city on Friday, in charge of Major Sellers, were destined for Col. Lyle's regiment, National Guards. A discovery was made on the boat after the substitutes had been place on board. About one fourth of the number was found to be deserters from regiments in the field. ’ The Lewiston (Me.) Journal has this statement on the same subject: ‘ Thursday evening last five substitutes for conscripts, who had received their pay of $300 each, managed to escape from their place of confinement at Portland. They started off on foot in the direction of Boston, and reached Wells Beach on Friday. On Friday morning officers from the Provost-Marshal's office at Portland started in pursuit. When the cars reached the Wells Beach Station, one of the fugitives was found at the depot, who was arrested and securely ironed. The four others in the meantime had taken seats in the cars, but were secured after a brief resistance and the whole number were taken back to Portland. ’ A correspondent of the Boston Traveller writes from Fort' Columbus, Governor's Island, under date of August 3: ‘ The military in this vicinity, after remaining rather quiet for several days, are now beginning to buckle on their armor, and are preparing themselves for active duty in care their services should be required. it from pretty good authority that these will be no lack of force to maintain order in New York and vicinity while the drafting is going on. You may rely upon it, there will be no child's play or blank cartridges used. Should there be another attempt to interfere with the drafting, the General commanding the Department of the East is fully determined to protect the officers in the discharge of their duty. ’ Yesterday (Sunday) afternoon four regiments of infantry arrived from Warrenton, Va. They are here expressly for the emergency, and for the purpose of taking charge of conscripts and forwarding them to their place of destination. The order for those regiments was received by them at 12 o'clock last Thursday night, upon which they immediately commenced making preparations for a move. By 5 o'clock Friday morning they were on the march for a train of cars nine miles distant, which they soon reached, and left for this post by the way of Washington, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, arriving here at 4 P. M. yesterday. The following are the regiments, viz: The Thirty-seventh Massachusetts, now quartered at Fort Hamilton; the Twentieth Indiana on the Battery at New York; and the Fifth Wisconsin and First Massachusetts. The two last named regiments have pitched their tents on this island, in the immediate vicinity of the fort. Yesterday being the hottest day by several degrees we have had in this vicinity this summer, the heat bore hard upon the troops that were crowded together upon the steamer. After considerable delay (by red tape) they were finally landed. The number of troops which came on yesterday was about 1,900, of which there were of the Twentieth regiment, Indiana, 500; the Fifth Wisconsin, 400; the Thirty seventh Massachusetts, 700; and the First Massachusetts, 300. The Boston correspondent of the Springfield Republican reports: Lowell, Natick, Clinton, and other places which are ahead of their quotas, have been exempted to that extent by the draft, and I suppose other towns which are in the same case are to be shown the same favor. To avoid a total unsettling of the draft, I learn that the Government consents to lose its men from those towns, and intends to make up the deficiency from the other towns on the next draft, if one is needed. This policy will make the conscription more unpopular than ever, and there does not seem to be any justice in it. It is no merit of the people of Lowell and Natick and Clinton that they are ahead of their quota. The stay-at-home residents worked no harder than those of other towns, but the circumstances made it easier then to raise men in the manufacturing than in the agricultural towns. Of 717 drafted men who have responded to the notification of the Provost Marshal in Worcester, Mass., 272 have been exempted for disability, 211 are exempt as aliens, or for other reasons under special provisions of the law, and 234 have been accepted and held for service. Isaac S. Geer, of Lisbon, Conn., while serving a notice of draft upon one of the drafted men of that town last week, Thursday, was met at the door by the conscript's wife, who, after learning what his business was, very unceremoniously and severely applied a cowhide to the person of Mr. Geer. Thomas Simms, the slave who was returned to his master, applied for exemption on the ground that he was between 35 and 36 years of age, and married. He was exempted. Five deserters, who had received their $300 bounty, were caught at South Berwick on Friday morning by the City Marshal of Portland; $300 was found on each man. Mr. Benj. Johnson, a colored man, was drafted last week in the town of Scio, Alleghany county. He reported promptly at the office of the Provost Marshal and offered a white man as his substitute, who was accepted and sworn into the service. The Newburyport Herald, in alluding to the large per cent. of exemptions granted by the enrolling officers, says: ‘ One of two things is true — there is either much perjury, or we are the most sickly people that ever had an existence. If it be true that the young men from twenty to thirty five are so diseased and debilitated as is reported, what is to be the physical condition of the next generation, of which these are to be the fathers? This is a more fearful thought than the rebellion itself. ’ Some of the drafted men in Hydepark, N. Y., it would seem, are in a desperate hurry not to go to the war. The Newsdealer says that substitutes there are getting $350, and one man has paid $500 for a substitute, rather than run the risk or another draft. The body of a soldier was found in a cornfield in East Haven, Ct., on Friday afternoon, supposed to have been one of the number fired into on Wednesday morning last, while escaping from the Grapevine Point Camp in a boat. The man was probably badly wounded, and crawled among the corn for concealment, where he undoubtedly died from loss of blood.
The order for Morgan's Imprisonment — Instructions relative to his Treatment.The following is the official letter from Governor Tod, of Ohio, to the warden of the Ohio penitentiary containing directions for the confinement of Gen. Morgan and his officers in that institution:
Nathaniel Merion, Warden of the Ohio Penitentiary:
Gov. and Commander in Chief.