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Progress of the War.

Holding farmers responsible for Railroads--Warfare on non-combatants.

The following is the order recently issued by the General in Chief of the Yankee army for the repression of "guerilla outrages" on the line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. It is worthy only of the cowardly author, who sits safely ensconced behind the entrenchments around Washington. We find it incorporated in an order from Gen. Howard to his command, the 11th corps, which ran so at Chancellorsville:

‘ The numerous depredations committed by citizens, rebel soldiers in disguise, harbored and concealed by citizens along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, and within our lines, call for prompt and exemplary punishment.--You will there arrest and confine for punishment or put beyond our lines every citizen against whom there is sufficient evidence of his having engaged in these practices. You will also notify the people within ten miles of the railroad that they will be held responsible in their persons and property for any injury done to the road, trains, depots, or stations, by guerillas or persons in disguise, and, in case of such injury, they will be impressed as laborers to repair all damages. If these measures should not stop such depredations the entire inhabitants of the district of country along the railroad will be put across the line and their property taken for Government use.

H. W. Halleck, General in chief.

The Confederate Sympathizers banished from St. Louis.

The St. Louis Democrat, of August 1st, says:

‘ A letter from Capt. Jas. F. Dwight to Col. Broadhead, written at Vicksburg, July 22d, communicates some details of the transfer of the secesh exiles, who left St. Louis on the 10th of July, in custody of Captain Dwight. The boat in which they embarked reached Memphis without special incident, as reported by Capt. Dwight in a former letter.

’ The party arrived at Vicksburg on the 22d of July, on the steamer Sunshine, where Capt. Dwight reported to Gen. Grant, who ordered him to turn over the prisoners and those accompanying them to the Provost Marshal of Gen. Grant's Department. Gen. Grant informed Capt. Dwight that it would be impossible to sent the prisoners east on account of the moving armies, and that it would be probably necessary to send them to Mobile. Accordingly the prisoners and party were turned over by Captain Dwight to Lieut. Col. Kent, Provost Marshal under Gen. Grant, who, 22d of July, transferred them to the steamer Iberville, for New Orleans, to be thence sent under flag of truce to Mobile. All were thus transferred, except Mrs. S. J. Bosher, who applied to be sent through the lines to Texas. The boat was to leave Vicksburg for New Orleans on the 20th, the date of Capt Dwight's letter. Capt. D. sends with his letter a certificate in favor of the officers of the steamer Sunshine for supplying the prisoners with subsistence, it having been impracticable to draw rations. The writer of the letter also states that the conduct of the entire party during his surveillance of them was altogether proper, and the incidents of the trip pleasant in the highest degree.

Following is a copy of the order of transfer made by Gen. Grant:


Hdq's Dep't of the Tennessee, Vicksburg, Miss., July 21, 1863.
Special Orders, No. 169.
Lieut. Col. Kent, Provost Marshal General, Department of the Tennessee, will take charge of the political prisoners from the Department of the Missouri, under command of Captain James F. Dwight, Assistant Inspector General, Department of the Missouri, and place them under guard on board a steamer, and send them to Mobile, Ala., by first steamer going South.

By order of
Major General U. S. Grant.
John A. Rawling, Asst. Adj't Gen.

Capt. Jonathan Burke, who was permitted to accompany the party to be exchanged, instead of going east to City Point for that purpose, was put ashore at Helena, and placed in charge of General Salmon, commanding the post, to be transferred to Little Rock.

Isaac Elsasser was ordered back to this city from Memphis, to report to the Provost Marshal here, he desiring to settle his business here before being finally transferred.

Capt. Dwight has gone to Port Hudson on special duty.

The banished trio subsequently sent southward in custody of a United States policeman, to join the party under Capt Dwight, failed to arrive in time, and were delivered over to the Provost Marshal at Vicksburg, to be forwarded by him. They were, as may be recollected, Henry McClellan, D. R. Collins, and D. Walker.

The Yankee draft — Regular troops taken from Meade's army to Pick up conscripts — the conscripts turn out to be. Old deserters — troops sent to New York to enforce the draft, &c.

The accounts of the draft by the latest Northern papers continue to be cheering in their character. The drafted men don't go into the army. The Massachusetts men don't seem to come to time at all. In the 9th district of that State eighty per cent. of those drafted were exempted "for sufficient cause." In the 1st district, out of 119 conscripts drafted, 71 received exemption papers, 27 furnished substitutes, 8 paid the $300 exemption, and only 13 were passed. In the 5th district 350 were discharged, 19 paid the exemption, and only about 75 recruits were the per- sons who go as substitutes the following paragraph from the Philadelphia Ledger may give some information:

‘ The 200 substitutes that left the city on Friday, in charge of Major Sellers, were destined for Col. Lyle's regiment, National Guards. A discovery was made on the boat after the substitutes had been place on board. About one fourth of the number was found to be deserters from regiments in the field.

’ The Lewiston (Me.) Journal has this statement on the same subject:

‘ Thursday evening last five substitutes for conscripts, who had received their pay of $300 each, managed to escape from their place of confinement at Portland. They started off on foot in the direction of Boston, and reached Wells Beach on Friday. On Friday morning officers from the Provost-Marshal's office at Portland started in pursuit. When the cars reached the Wells Beach Station, one of the fugitives was found at the depot, who was arrested and securely ironed. The four others in the meantime had taken seats in the cars, but were secured after a brief resistance and the whole number were taken back to Portland.

’ A correspondent of the Boston Traveller writes from Fort' Columbus, Governor's Island, under date of August 3:

‘ The military in this vicinity, after remaining rather quiet for several days, are now beginning to buckle on their armor, and are preparing themselves for active duty in care their services should be required. it from pretty good authority that these will be no lack of force to maintain order in New York and vicinity while the drafting is going on. You may rely upon it, there will be no child's play or blank cartridges used. Should there be another attempt to interfere with the drafting, the General commanding the Department of the East is fully determined to protect the officers in the discharge of their duty.

’ Yesterday (Sunday) afternoon four regiments of infantry arrived from Warrenton, Va. They are here expressly for the emergency, and for the purpose of taking charge of conscripts and forwarding them to their place of destination. The order for those regiments was received by them at 12 o'clock last Thursday night, upon which they immediately commenced making preparations for a move. By 5 o'clock Friday morning they were on the march for a train of cars nine miles distant, which they soon reached, and left for this post by the way of Washington, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, arriving here at 4 P. M. yesterday.

The following are the regiments, viz: The Thirty-seventh Massachusetts, now quartered at Fort Hamilton; the Twentieth Indiana on the Battery at New York; and the Fifth Wisconsin and First Massachusetts. The two last named regiments have pitched their tents on this island, in the immediate vicinity of the fort. Yesterday being the hottest day by several degrees we have had in this vicinity this summer, the heat bore hard upon the troops that were crowded together upon the steamer. After considerable delay (by red tape) they were finally landed.

The number of troops which came on yesterday was about 1,900, of which there were of the Twentieth regiment, Indiana, 500; the Fifth Wisconsin, 400; the Thirty seventh Massachusetts, 700; and the First Massachusetts, 300.

The Boston correspondent of the Springfield Republican reports: Lowell, Natick, Clinton, and other places which are ahead of their quotas, have been exempted to that extent by the draft, and I suppose other towns which are in the same case are to be shown the same favor. To avoid a total unsettling of the draft, I learn that the Government consents to lose its men from those towns, and intends to make up the deficiency from the other towns on the next draft, if one is needed. This policy will make the conscription more unpopular than ever, and there does not seem to be any justice in it. It is no merit of the people of Lowell and Natick and Clinton that they are ahead of their quota. The stay-at-home residents worked no harder than those of other towns, but the circumstances made it easier then to raise men in the manufacturing than in the agricultural towns.

Of 717 drafted men who have responded to the notification of the Provost Marshal in Worcester, Mass., 272 have been exempted for disability, 211 are exempt as aliens, or for other reasons under special provisions of the law, and 234 have been accepted and held for service.

Isaac S. Geer, of Lisbon, Conn., while serving a notice of draft upon one of the drafted men of that town last week, Thursday, was met at the door by the conscript's wife, who, after learning what his business was, very unceremoniously and severely applied a cowhide to the person of Mr. Geer.

Thomas Simms, the slave who was returned to his master, applied for exemption on the ground that he was between 35 and 36 years of age, and married. He was exempted.

Five deserters, who had received their $300 bounty, were caught at South Berwick on Friday morning by the City Marshal of Portland; $300 was found on each man.

Mr. Benj. Johnson, a colored man, was drafted last week in the town of Scio, Alleghany county. He reported promptly at the office of the Provost Marshal and offered a white man as his substitute, who was accepted and sworn into the service.

The Newburyport Herald, in alluding to the large per cent. of exemptions granted by the enrolling officers, says:

‘ One of two things is true — there is either much perjury, or we are the most sickly people that ever had an existence. If it be true that the young men from twenty to thirty five are so diseased and debilitated as is reported, what is to be the physical condition of the next generation, of which these are to be the fathers? This is a more fearful thought than the rebellion itself.

’ Some of the drafted men in Hydepark, N. Y., it would seem, are in a desperate hurry not to go to the war. The Newsdealer says that substitutes there are getting $350, and one man has paid $500 for a substitute, rather than run the risk or another draft.

The body of a soldier was found in a cornfield in East Haven, Ct., on Friday afternoon, supposed to have been one of the number fired into on Wednesday morning last, while escaping from the Grapevine Point Camp in a boat. The man was probably badly wounded, and crawled among the corn for concealment, where he undoubtedly died from loss of blood.

The order for Morgan's Imprisonment — Instructions relative to his Treatment.

The following is the official letter from Governor Tod, of Ohio, to the warden of the Ohio penitentiary containing directions for the confinement of Gen. Morgan and his officers in that institution:

The State of Ohio, Executive Department Columbus, July 30, 1863
Nathaniel Merion, Warden of the Ohio Penitentiary:
You have been advised by a formidable and destructive raid through our State, of a band of desperate men under the lead of the notorious John Morgan; also their capture by the military forces of the Federal Government aided, however, materially by the militia forces of our State.

Upon consultation with Maj. Gen. A. E. Burnside, commander in chief of this military department, I learn from him that he has not, subject to his command, a secure place in which to keep the principal officers of said band. I have, therefore, tendered to the Federal Government the use of our penitentiary, as a place of safe-keeping for them until other provisions can be made.

You will, therefore, please receive from the officers of the United States Government the said John Morgan and thirty others, Confederate officers, captured with him, (a list of whose names is herewith handed you) and safely and securely keep them within the walls of the Penitentiary until other provisions shall be made for them.

You will carefully search each prisoner as he may be handed over to you, and take from him all arms and articles of value, (money included,) and carefully preserve the same until you may receive further direction touching the disposition thereof.

You will keep said prisoners, so far as may be possible, separate and apart from the convicts. You will furnish them everything necessary in the way of food and clothing for their comfort, and impose only such restrictions upon them as may be necessary for their safe keeping. You will permit no one to hold interviews or communications, by writing or otherwise, except by written or telegraphic order from Gen. Burnside.

You will employ such additional force, for guard or other duty, as you may deem necessary.

Should clothing be required for the prisoners, you will make a requisition upon me for the same.

You will keep an accurate account of all increased cost to the institution consequent upon a compliance with this request, and report the same to me from time to time as you may require funds to meet the expenditure.

Respectfully, yours,

David Tod,
Gov. and Commander in Chief.

From Rosecrans's army

--No Large Operations to be Undertaken by Him — Some Raids to be Inaugurated.

Bragg's failing back to Chattanooga has non plussed Rosecrans. He is afraid to advance with his whole army for enough from his base to attack the Confederates, and therefore finds himself compelled to lie at Tullahoma with a large army doing nothing. Last week he removed his headquarters to Winchester, which is an advance of headquarters of about 20 miles. A correspondent of the Detroit Free Press, writing from Winchester on the 24th ult. says:

‘ Trains of cars will soon be regularly running to Stevenson, Ala, and from thence to Huntsville. Maj. Gen. Stanly arrived yesterday from the latter place with five regiments of his cavalry corp, and reports the country in a destitute and desolate condition.

’ Undoubted information is received to the effect that Polk's corps has moved from Georgia, whither it had been quartered to suppress a revolt, to Richmond or Richmond's vicinity.

The probabilities are that Rosecrans will confine his immediate operations to raids, with a view to the destruction of crops and the crippling of the crippled rebels. No one can definitely and positively state where our next base of operations will be established, but very reasonable conjecture predicts that Huntsville, Ala., will be a depot where supplies will be drawn from St. Louis, via the Mississippi river and the Memphis and Charleston railroad. --The most prevalent opinion, however, is that some point drawing supplies via the Tennessee river will be the depot of supplies, and that a second depot, supplies from Murfreesboro', will be established at Stevenson, Ala.

Information of the most reliable and trustworthy character is being received daily, confirming the statement of the existence of great destitution, demoralization and despondency among the troops in Bragg's and Johnston's armies.

Some little excitement was created in town a few days since, occasioned by a United States officer kicking out of his quarters a vender of the Nashville Union and New York Tribune for insolence, who was ordered to leave and never again to enter the place with such despicable trash. Three or four news pedlars and two or three professional scribblers of the picayune order and "ebony animus" persuasion made an inopportune demonstration, which "sent them up" for a term longer than police justices are wont to announce.

During Bragg's occupation of Tullahoma flour retailed in Winchester at $90 per barrel; coffee, $5.50 per pound; sugar (brown) at $2 per pound; salt at $1 per pound. An ordinary broadcloth suit of clothing, frock coat, dress vest and pants, $350. These figures I clip from a personal pass or account book.

On Thursday afternoon, the 23d inst., the Nashville jail was the scene of quite a formidable revolt. In pleasant weather it has been the custom to allow the prisoners by detachments to visit and regale themselves for a few minutes at a time in the jail yard. As had been previously secretly arranged, when one detachment on Thursday had been let loose, they immediately unbolted and unbarred the cells of their companions, the remaining prisoners, and while a portion made a move to intimidate the keepers, the others effected a breach of the wall in the yard, through which they escaped before the military could arrive to "block the passes."

The order ejecting from the city of Nashville all abandoned females has been disapproved by the Washington authorities, owing to a protest of Gov. Johnson, who claimed that the military were transcending their jurisdiction in the issuance of such an order in a community where civil law, city courts, and a city government existed and acted all their parts. As a consequence, steamers freighted with the frail creatures are constantly arriving at Nashville, the Gomorrah of Tennessee.--The insolence of these lewd women towards all persons having the disposition of them is the legitimate result of the above mentioned annulment, and their return is a matter of deep regret to all, and a deep stain on the name of those who, by a little technical quibbling, effected it.

Admiral Porter on good news — his opinion of the Institutions of the rebels.

Admiral Porter, whose entire fleet during the whole bombardment of Vicksburg killed and wounded about a half dozen Confederates, thus writes to a friend in New York, from Vicksburg, July 19th:

‘ I am glad your good people in New York have got something to make you jolly at last. If you knew half the hard work expended on Vicksburg you would appreciate the victory more. It is no common performance, but has been the result of the highest military skill.

’ Certain papers have been abusing Generals Grant, Sherman, and others for a long time past, while these men have been working with a pure and unselfish patriotism worthy of the commendation of the whole nation. I hope the slanderers stand rebuked. The navy also has been assailed, but as we live in iron-clads, and are supposd to be bomb-proof, the shafts of slander fly harmless off.

The result of the capture of Vicksburg will be damaging to the rebels in the extreme, but do not imagine that the war is over. Send on your "cohorts," let the world see that the Union is waking up, and while a rebel flag waves don't begrudge your money; it will all be well invested. As long as the rebel leaders can find followers they will keep this war up, and the only way to put an and to it is to crush it with an army that will sweep the entire South. It would be a kindness to these infatuated people to use the most stringent measures. I don't believe in talking mildly to a very bad boy. There are many in the South who would be glad of peace, but they dare not say so.

The War in Arkansas.

A correspondent of the St. Louis Democrat sends the following:

Wittsburg, Thursday, July 30, 1863. --Our division reached here on the 28th, driving Ketchen's regiment and Walker's brigade down the ridge. We have opened a communication with Memphis and Helena, bridging the St. Frances river at this point. A steamer is expected up, loaded with supplies. We have had several affairs of outposts with the enemy, in all of which we have been successful.

Price is at Searcy and Des Arc, from the latest information; and Marmaduke and the people of Jacksonport are abandoning the place in advance of us. Our troops are scouting all over the Cache river and its bottoms, and also the L' Auguille, at both the crossings of the Memphis and Jacksonport road; also where the main road to Helena crosses it.--We are in good health, fine spirits, and anxious to be pushed forward. Fine crops of corn are growing in the slopes of Crowley's ridge; and the swamps have numbers of cattle. Price, however, has carried off all the negroes and cattle he could gather on this side of the White river.

This point (Wittsburg) is the fecal point of Eastern Arkansas, and should have been made the base of operations against Little Rock, instead of Springfield and Rolla. The Memphis and Jacksonport Road, the old Military Road from Memphis to Little Rock, the Chalk Bluff and Helena Road, all diverge nearly here, and the position on the ridge can be made almost impregnable, with a primary base, if you please, at Memphis, and the secondary one at Wittsburg, the objective point being White river, which once reached and bridged, becomes your third and last base of supplies.

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