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How the U. S. Army is paid.

--From a little volume, with the real Yankee title of "Army Pay Digest and Ready Calculator," we gather the following items of pay in the U. S. Army. The scale of remuneration is, we believe, the same in the Confederate army:

The pay of a Major-General is $2,640 a year, and he is entitled to fifteen rations a day, which, commuted at thirty cents each, net the sum of $1,430, making his aggregate annual emolument $4,000. A Major-General is also entitled to four servants, whose rations (one each) he can also commute, and to five horses, for which he can draw forty cents each a day. When commander in chief, or commander of a separate army in the field or of a department, he is entitled to double rations, amounting to $1,738 a year.

The pay of a Brigadier-General is $1,488, with twelve rations, four horses, and three servants, the rations of which, commuted, amount to $2,220.40.

The pay of Assistant Adjutant-General, Quartermaster, Commissary of Subsistence, and Assistant Quartermaster-General, in a corps organization, (each rank of Lieutenant-Colonel,) is $95 a month, with five rations, two horses, and two servants. Aide-de-camp, with rank of Major, receive $80, and with rank of Captain, $70 a month, each with four rations and two horses. A Chief of Artillery in corps organizations receives $70, and Judge Advocate $80 a month, each with four rations and two servants. In a division organization (brigade) an Aide-de-camp receives $24, in addition to pay of Lieutenant of infantry. In brigade organizations the pay is as follows: Aide-de-camp, with rank of Lieutenant, $20 a month, in addition to Lieutenant's pay; Assistant Adjutant-General, $70; Commissary of Subsistence, $70; each with four rations, two horses, and one servant.

Chaplains receive $100 a month, and are entitled to two rations, one horse, but no servants. A Colonel of Infantry receives, with rations, $196.40 a month, (of 31 days;) a Lieutenant-Colonel $172.10; a Major $152.80; a Captain $130, with $10 additional for responsibility of arms and clothing; an Adjutant and Quartermaster $120; a First Lieutenant $110, and Second Lieutenant $105.--Upon this a Colonel pays $4.39 tax, a Lieutenant-Colonel $3.66; Major $3.88; Captain $2.40; Adjutant and Quartermaster $2.10; First Lieutenant $1.80; Second Lieutenant $1.65.

The pay of cavalry officers is slightly in advance of that of infantry officers. A Colonel receives for one month, of thirty-one days, $218.40; a Lieutenant-Colonel $189.10; a Major $164.80; Adjutant and Quartermaster $124.13; Captain $141; Lieutenants $114.33; Chaplain $118.60. Officers of light artillery are paid the same as cavalry officers of the same rank. Engineer and signal officers receive similar pay; Surgeons are paid as Majors of cavalry, and Assistant Surgeons as Lieutenants of cavalry.

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