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Situation in East Tennessee.

--From the intelligence which we publish in another part of this paper, coupled with an inspection of the map of the country around Chattanooga, we are inclined to think that the army of Rosecrans is in a very critical situation. His railroad communication with Nashville is cut off by the movement of Gen. Longstreet, whose corps occupies Lookout Mountain, below Chattanooga, and on the right of the Yankees. The railroad runs at the base of this mountain, between it and the river, and is therefore completely in Longstreet's power. The only means which Rosecrans has left of communicating with Nashville, therefore, is by wagons, on the ordinary roads of the country; and in the presence of such officers as Forrest and Wheeler, who are already over the river, this is rather a frail dependence. It appears evident to us that he must either attack Bragg's position, (in which case he will be awfully beaten,) or surrender, (which he will hardly think of doing until he has tried every other expedient,) or attempt to retreat across the river, in the face of a victorious enemy, who has a full view of his camps, knows every movement he makes as soon as it is undertaken, and will assuredly assault him the moment he commences his march. Should he pass the river, he will find himself cut off from Nashville, and compelled to make the best of his way to Kentucky through the Cumberland Gaps, with a powerful foe, flushed with victory, thundering in his rear. It is only necessary to cast a glance at the map, in order to comprehend the extreme difficulty of this operation. He must lose all his artillery and baggage, and, most probably, his whole army, if the pursuit be followed up with vigor. As for Burnside, it is certain that he has not 20,000 men with him, and these will by no means fill up the gap made by Chickamauga, while Bragg's army is numerically stronger than before the battle, and morally, doubly as strong from the prestige of success.

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