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Additional from the North.

We are indebted to the courtesy of the officers of the Exchange Bureau for files of Northern papers up to the 25th inst. They contain very little about the battle of Chickamauga. We find in the Washington Star and National Republican, of the 22d inst., very meagre accounts, in which the Federals estimate their loss at 2,000 prisoners. The latest news the New York papers have is dated at Cincinnati, the 24th. The telegram says:

Mr. Shanks, the correspondent of the Herald, has arrived here from the battle-field of Chattanooga, where he witnessed the fighting of Saturday and Sunday.

He says that the reports of the battle received from Washington are in the main incorrect, and that really the Army of the Cumberland has met with a defeat which must put it on a defensive position for some time to come.

Gen. Thomas's corps is really the only one which did any fighting. On the first day it defeated Longstreet with horrible slaughter, driving him in great confusion for over a mile from the Chickamauga river. Longstreet, in a two hours fight, lost one thousand men, and double that number wounded. McCook's and Crittenden's corps on the same day were both badly beaten, and the enemy broke the centre, driving Crittenden in every direction. The defeat of this part of the line caused Thomas to abandon his field and fall back to protect his flanks and re-establish his line.

At the same time the enemy, not knowing what he had accidentally accomplished, failed to pursue his advantage, and Wood and Negley went in on the centre and re-established that part of the line. The day was ours, though the enemy held the field. We had taken three pieces of artillery more than we lost on the first day. Gen. Thomas had defeated Longstreet, and on the second day he saved the army of Gen. Rosecrans from annihilation.

From ten to twelve o'clock on Sunday he fought the enemy, and repulsed him in three charges, when, finding the assault in vain, the enemy pressed forward on the right and centre, and at the first charge broke Crittenden's and McCook's lines and routed their entire command, driving them in a disgraceful panic into Rossville and Chattanooga.--Gen. Thomas, with his corps, still contested the day, and was enabled, by the timely reinforcement of Granger, to hold his position until nightfall covered his retreat to Rossville.

Mr. Shanks left Rossville at 7 P. M. on Sunday, and Chattanooga on Monday. Gen. Rosecrans was falling back on Chattanooga, where he was perfectly safe from all that Bragg could do. His lines of communication were perfectly secure, and he had plenty of ammunition and provisions in Chattanooga to stand a month's siege.

The result is virtually a defeat to us, as we have lost tremendously in material, not less than fifty pieces of artillery falling into the hands of the enemy, though Bragg's army only receipts for twenty. The rebel loss in killed and wounded will exceed our own. In killed he lost double our number. Rosecrans is in no danger, but at the time Mr. Shanks left Chattanooga the danger to Gen. Burnside was imminent.

The Russian ships in Yankee Harbors.

What is looked upon just now with some degree of surprise is the gathering of so many Russian war vessels at New York.--There are already two frigates there, the Neosky and Peresvict. The first carries 51 guns and the latter 46. Both are 55 days from Cronstadt. Five more are expected to arrive in a few days, viz: Corvette Variag, 16 guns; corvette Vitesse, 16 guns; clipper Almos, 9 guns; clipper Isonmround, 9 guns; and clipper Iahout, 9 guns. In all, including the Osliaba, now anchored in the North river, eight Russian men-of-war will then be in Yankee waters.


The dry dock at Portsmouth is being repaired, and the navy yard generally refitted.

Lt. Jemson is the name of the Confederate paymaster who was captured in Arkansas, with $1,200,000 in Confederate money.

Gov. Andrews, of Mass., has been nominated by acclamation for re-election.

Five million five hundred thousand dollars have been received, it is said, by the Yankee Government, as commutation under the Enrollment act. This sum is to be expended in bounties for enlistments.

Admiral Farragut has arrived in New York and had a "brilliant reception."

Gen. Meade was in Washington on Wednesday, and had an interview with the President and Gen. Halleck, after which he returned again to the front.

By way of St. Louis we have advices from Gen. Blunt's army to the 10th. All was quiet. Gen. Blunt had issued a proclamation to the people of Arkansas, stating that the Federal occupation would be permanent, and advising them to organize a civil government under the authority of the United States.

The steamer Arago, from New York for Charleston, carried eighty cases of shells containing Greek fire to be used in shelling the city from Morris Island.

There is to be no draft, in Ohio, Illinois, or Indiana, the Governors of these States having given assurance to Lincoln that their quotas will be made up by volunteering.

Sir Henry Holland, physician to Queen Victoria, is now a guest of Secretary Seward. He paid a visit to Lincoln last Friday, in company with the Secretary.

Mrs. Margaret Beach, Miss Margaret Beach, Harriet Beach, Mildred Beach, Garrison Beach, Headley Beach, and Joseph T. Beach, were arrested at their home, near Fairfax C. H, Va., on the 20th inst., for giving aid and information to the rebels, and provided with snug quarters in the Old Capitol Prison at Washington.

During the recent fights in Georgia Rosecrans had his headquarters four miles from the battle-field, and in the rear of his centre.

Capt. Thos. F. Murdoch, a son of James E. Murdoch, Esq., the actor, was killed on Saturday in the battle near Chattanooga.

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