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Situation of affairs in the Vicinity of Vicksburg.

A correspondent of the Mississippian writes from Warren county, October 12th, as follows:

‘ Believing that a few jottings from Yankeedom would be interesting to the readers of your paper. I have concluded to run the risk of remaining within doors long enough to write you. You must act criticise too closely the style and composition of this letter, as I labor under a very great disadvantage. The danger of expecting Yankee cavalry every moment does not very materially assist one in calm thoughts. I left Clinton about 10 at night, reached Big Black about 2 A. M., evaded the vidette picket, and crossed at B — ferry. I travelled very cautiously, and fondly hoped that I was getting on elegantly, when, to my great surprise, I rode into a body of infantry of twenty men. I retained a "stiff upper tip," and inquired it they had met any cavalry; they replied that they had not, when I pushed on, and after getting distinct directions soon reached my present comfortable quarters.

Warren is a vast field of devastation and destruction. Where once elegant, happy homes stood, bare chimneys rear their tall forms, sentries o'cr this vast destruction; halls that once resounded to the merry laughter of happy childhood, now re-echo to the mournful whistling of the autumn winds; fencing, gin houses, dwelling houses, have all shared the same fare. Large fields of corn await the hand of the reaper.

A few citizens of Vicksburg have taken the oath, but the circumstances were those of starvation, literally, for themselves and children, or the taking of the oath; and many persons who have taken the oath are still true and loyal to the Confederate cause, and aiding in every way possible the cause of our suffering country. I have met here with men who, upon recounting their trials and afflictions, wept team, and lived only in the hope of soon being delivered from more than Eastern boadage. Rosecrans has been heavily reinforced from this army; Sherman's entire corps and Osterhaus's division, of McPherson's corps, have gone to Chattanooga; two other divisions have gone to near Monroe, Louisiana. So you may readily ascertain the strength of the Yankee army at this place. It does not certainly exceed nine thousand men, and three negro regiments (are troops) constitute a portion of this force. --The Yankees are erecting a line of fortifications to take in a large portion of the city, which are only in progression and not near completed. They still occupy our old line, and have levelled their own works constructed during the siege. There is not now a gun mounted on the works in rear of the city. They are to abandon the entire country as soon as the new line is finished, and they are at this time hauling supplies from Big Black bridge into Vicksburg. There is but a small force at Messinger's Ferry — about a squadron of cavalry and a regiment of infantry. There are no fortifications at the above mentioned point whatever. Brigadier-Gen. Morrer is at the bridge, in command of a few regiments of infantry, a little cavalry, and a few pieces of artillery. A few miles below the bridge the Yankees have no pickets. I have given you what I know of Yankee affairs in Warren county and Vicksburg. I am perfectly acquainted with the force and position of the army, and state, as my honest conviction, that a bold and decisive blow would wipe out the stain of the surrender of Vicksburg, and place the name of the great Johnston first in the galaxy of illustrious heroes that our country have produced. The enemy are in great fear of an attack.

The lady who proposes to carry this to you is about to leave, and I must close. I would call the attention of the Chief Quartermaster to the fact that there is the greatest abundance of corn and potatoes upon the plantations in the neighborhood of Bolton's and Edwards's depots. These plantations are deserted, the planters having left for Georgia. Our pickets extend for five miles this side, and this corn should certainly be gathered now and at once. On the plantations of the President and Col. Joe Davis, there is at least twenty five thousand bushels of corn, and the same proportion on nearly all of the plantations in the neighborhood.

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Warren (1)
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December, 10 AD (1)
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