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Governor Renham's message.

Gov. Bouham is a soldier, and his message sounds like a war trumpet. The chief Executive officer of the State which, above all others, perhaps, is most jealous of State rights, where they are really in danger, he hesitates not to approve of the decision of the Circuit Court that neither the "Ordnance, nor the act amendatory of sit, contemplated exemption from any service besides militia service, in the State, and so neither is in conflict with the conscription laws." But fearful lest some difficulty may still arise upon the interpretation of what ill-disposed persons might choose to represent as conflicting laws, he recommends an amendment of the exemption laws, so as to make them conform, as nearly as possible, to those of the Confederate Government. A most sensible suggestion, and one worthy of the bold soldier who makes it. This is no time for making nice distinctions between the laws of the Confederate Government and the laws of any State. We want soldiers to fight, not lawyers to talk. We want State Governments that will conform their laws to those of the Confederate Government, not raise opposition to them. We want a system in each State which shall send the greatest number of recruits to the field, not one founded upon the principle of keeping the largest number at home. We wish to see all the States united to aid the Confederacy in carrying on the war, not quibbling and word-catching, to impede its operations. The States may do this without yielding a particle of their rights. At least, such is the opinion of Governor Bonham, a State rights man of the straightest sect, brought up at the very feet of the great State-rights Gamaliel himself. Others who have not enjoyed that privilege, for the first time in their lives manifest a wonderful tenderness for the rights of and profess to feel unbounded alarm at the encroachments of the Federal Government. Gov. Bonham has no such fears. He knows, as every man of sense must know, that our system is based upon a distinct acknowledgment of these rights — that they are to us what the laws of Edward the Confessor were to the English people in former times — that they are the point from which all legislation starts — and that a full acknowledgment of them constitutes every State a distinct nation, with the power to shape her own legislation as she may. All that is now required is, that each State may so legislate as to give the greatest efficiency to the agent which all the States have chosen to carry on in their name this bloody and dangerous war. To that end it is but reasonable that each should amend its laws when they come in conflict with those of the Confederacy. If you appoint an attorney to transact your business, you must give him the necessary powers.

Gov. Bonham is evidently in favor of putting a musket into the hands of every able bodied man between the ages of eighteen and forty-five. He says: "If the Confederate Government will put into the field the most of the able bodied men between eighteen and forty-five now employed as quartermasters and commissaries, purchasing agents, enrolling officers, and impressing agents, and in other similar positions, the great mass of their places can be as well, and in many instances better, filled by disabled soldiers, and the State Governments will conform theirs to the Confederate exemption acts, the Confederate Government can command force that will drive beyond our borders all the armies the Abolition Government can congregate for the further prosecution of this unholy war." We have no doubt that this is true to the letter. And will not the Governments, State and Confederate, make the experiment? In our opinion it is shameful for any young man, in full possession of health and strength, to sink into these offices, instead of rising with the occasion and coming forth like a true patriot to fight for his country. There will be none such in South Carolina, if the Legislature of that State and the Confederate Government be of the same mind with Governor Bonham.--He opposes the State law which authorizes the exemption of the officers of railroads, and as many employees as the President or Superintendent may certify to be necessary to work the roads, provided the duties involved cannot be performed by slaves. He thinks so much power ought to be lodged in no one who is not connected with the administration of the Government. We think so, too; and if there be any such law in Virginia, we hope it will be amended or repealed. He is altogether opposed to substitution, which he considers adapted only to wars which require the services of a limited number in the field, and not to such a war as this, which requires the whole population capable of bearing arms. He would repeal all substitute laws, State or Confederate, especially as they operate generally in favor of a class which, of all others, has the deepest stake in the success of the cause. There are few, we hope and believe, who do not coincide with the Governor.

It is refreshing to read this message, so full of zeal for the cause and so redolent of hope and energy. But especially ought they to read it who are forever using State rights as a weapon to obstruct the progress of the conscription, and thereby the triumph of the cause.

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