Latest from Europe.The steamship Canada, with Liverpool dates of the 29ths ult., has arrived at Halifax. We give the following summary of her news:
Confederate privateers.The steamer Rappahannock, under the Confederate flag, arrived at Calais on the 26th ult. Additional advices from Calais say that the Rappahannock was seized by the French custom authorities. She sailed from Sheerness, England, on the 26th of November, in an unfinished State. She had a gang of carpenters on board. She is pierced for eight guns. The Confederate steamer Georgia has gone into dock at Chesburg to repair some small damages.
The Yankee thanksgiving in London.In pursuance of Lincoln's proclamation the Yankees in London observed the 26th of November as a day of thanksgiving. Business was suspended at the Yankee legation and consulates, and a grand banquet given at St. James's Hall, under the presidency of Robert J. Walker. The banquet was attended by Mr. Adams, the secretaries of the legation, and many prominent Yankees. Mr. Lincoln's proclamation was read, and Mr. Walker delivered an address on the rebellion and the prospects of its speedy suppression. A prayer was offered up by Stella Martin, a runaway negro, and a hymn was sung by the guests. A toast to the President was responded to by Mr. Adams, who noticed some of the objections urged against the proclamation, and pointed out the various causes for thankfulness which existed. He said that every American felt that this was the time of calamity, but it was to be regarded as much of a necessary evil as if it had been an earthquake or an inundation.--Under these circumstances all they could do was to apply themselves promptly to the perfection of the remedy and the restoration of the Union. This could only be done through perseverance in the war. He enumerated the great things which had been accomplished since the rebellion broke out.--The Government at that time was almost disintegrated; now it is solid and firm — able to act with vigor and effect whenever and however it pleased. The people have rallied around the Government and maintained the policy of the President. They have money, they have men and they have ideas, which they mean to establish on the only true and successful conclusion of the struggle. We now stand firmly, and have every reliance that the Government is now able, and the people willing, to go through the trial triumphantly. The Emancipation proclamation and enlistment of negro troops are the two great instruments by which emancipation without revolution will be carried out. And here we are now at the end of two years and a half, having made slow but regular progress in this movement, until it has taken shape distinctly before, us, so that we can foresee the ultimate issue. Mr. Adams concluded by enlogizing the honesty and fidelity of Mr. Lincoln. Numerous other "patriotic" loasts were then drunk and responded to.
Movements of Confederate agents.Mr. Spence, of Liverpool, the writer on occasion in the London Times, has been addressing large meetings in Glasgow in favor of Southern independence. He urged that England should take the lead in inviting the European powers to intervene in the American war. The Southern Independence Association of Manchester have invited a New York adventurer, Cornell Jewett, to deliver an address before them during December. Jewett accepted, conditional on his not being confined to the subject of the Southern right to independence, nor compromised as a Southern supporter.
The European Congress.The reply of Russia to the Emperor Napoleon's invitation to the European Congress was delivered on the 26th of November. It is denied that Russia demands that the programme of the Congress shall be drawn up. Price Gortachakoff has sent an explanatory note with a formal reply to the Emperor. Switzerland sent a direct acceptance, but will communicate its reserves. Advices from Paris hint that England's refusal may lead France to form a new and more intimate alliance elsewhere. The official correspondence between France and England relative to the Congress is published. It fully agrees with the version already given. England first asked for the programme, and when it was given replied, in effect, that the Congress would not produce the desired results, but perhaps make matters worse. Some Paris journals consure the policy of England in holding aloof from the Congress.
The Southern question.The agitation in Germany continues. It is reported that the committee of the Federal D have decide to propose the immediate adoption of the Federal execution in Holstein. The Saxony Chamber of Deputies had unanimously recognized the rights of Prince Auguestenberg, and promised the support of the Government in the matter. Two divisions of the Prussian army are under orders to be ready to take the held. They number 35,000 men. A resolution was pending in the Prussian Chamber to place all means at the disposal of the Government for the energetic guardianship of German rights. The Waremburg Government urged the immediate occupation of Hostein by the Federal troops.
France — Finances' of the EmpireThe French deficit, owing to the Mexican and Cochin-China wars, is reported at £10,000,000. It was rumored that M. Fould is about to propose a loan of three hundred millions of franc. The French export trade to Mexico has greatly increased. The Gazette de France has received a second warning.
Turin journals say that the soldiers on furlough are being recalled, that the garrisons are being increased in the Venetian provinces, and that work on the fortifications is being accelerated.
Warsaw, and condemned to deportation to Siberia.