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The taking of Butler's oath in Norfolk.

--The New York News of the 12th inst., has a long letter from Norfolk, dated the 8th, which gives a history of the sufferings of the people of that city, since its occupation by the Yankees. Many of these facts we have published in detached statements from time to time. We now copy that portion relative to the oath which Butler has forced upon the people. After drawing a vivid picture of a city, built and owned by white people, but garrisoned by negro troops, the writer who is a lady, says:

‘ In the midst of this state of things comes an order from Gen. Butler requiring all citizens to take the oath of allegiance to the United States Government, or be refused all protection except from personal violence. Now, you will perceive sufficient cause for our unprecedented excitement. If that truth was so revolting a year ago; if men gave up everything but honor and its dear ones; if they languished in a dreary, loathsome prison for weeks and months in preference, what must be their emotions now ? If we hated the invaders of our country then, what must we now ? If we abhorred a Government so vile then, what must be the state of our feelings now ? Yet with this deep, undying hatred in our inmost souls (and they so well aware of it,) we must raise our hands to Heaven and swear before Almighty God, "without mental reservation, or evasion, of any kind, willingly,"to support it. Did you ever hear of anything so enormously wicked ? Do the annals of history contain a parallel ? Not in my readings, surely, Even Butler's reign in New Orleans was not so despotic as this. Let me relate some of the aggravated features.

’ A few days preceding this order another was issued, forbidding the sate, by auction or privately, of any kind of property, personal or real estate, belonging to disloyal citizens. Suppose my little ones were crying for bread; I had not a cent of money, but would sell my piano, my watch — any article of furniture, jewelry or clothing — to keep my little darlings from starving. I dare not do it ! And no one would have the temerity to purchase for fear of the penalty. What resort have I ? None but that detestable oath to keep gaunt hunger from my door. Suppose some audacious negro, through a spiteful and malicious should inflict severe punishment on one of my little once. What redress have I ? None without that oath. Suppose some vile contraband, or worse still, some negro fellow int he uniform of the United States should come and demand possession of my house and furniture, turning me and my little ones out without a shelter for our heads. Where should I go for protection ? Nowhere, unless I have in my possession a certificate of loyalty.

Well, when this infamous order was promulgated what were we to do ? We had no time for reflection; three days, and it would be too late.--The effect was stunning. No alternative was presented that was held in reserve. What might it not be ? From the past and present, what might we not expect in the future ? Oh, the terrible conflict ! How should we decide ? Scarcely an eye was closed in sleep during the Interval, Could we ignore our rightful Government, our friends dearer than life, battling for our holy cause, and exposed to all the dangers of camp life and the battle field, to free us from this terrible oppression ? We would decide no, no, no, a thousand times no. But then one would look at the little and aged and helpless ones dependent on us for protection, and the thought of what they must suffer was intolerable, and, clasping the little innocent darlings to our breast, we would feel yes, anything. However bitter, the draught must be swallowed, and there was no time to lose. In this state of stunning bewilderment, do you wonder that the rush was great to claim the promised protection, or that time had to be extended several days ? They felt that it was a farce, and their papers have not had the effrontery to give the affair a very extended notice. They have referred to the people of Norfolk returning en masse to their allegiance, but in rather a tame way, very different from their usual extravagant and bombastic style.

While this desire for protection was the primary and ruling motive, there was a secondary one, and it has proven the ready perception of our people. Major-Gen. Butler has been out generated this time; his strategy has been fooled with his own weapon, and he has been keenly disappointed. He wanted possession of a number of the largest and best furnished houses in the city for the occupation of his officers, and considered this the easiest method of obtaining it. He was totally unprepared for the result. Knowing the hitherto heroic resistance of our citizens, he did not expect them to yield so readily now, and so great was his disappointment and chagrin, on the second day, in connection with his own oath, he added that annexed to the late amnesty of President Lincoln !-- Does not that show the spirit of the man ?

Immediately after came an order (unauthorized by the President or Secretary) to carol the citizens. Don't you see the fruits of bitter disappointment ? The sequel has not yet been developed.

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