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We give some additional intelligence from the latest Northern files received. The gold question is rapidly getting beyond Secretary Chase's power of control. On Tuesday last, the 9th inst., it was quoted at 159½@159½ and Exchange at 174½. The Herald, commenting on the rates, makes the following statement of one of the desperate moves to get the quotations down:

‘ The stock gamblers' extra, which purported to have been issued from this office, containing a dispatch from Gen. Banks, announcing the taking of Mobile, had an effect on the price of gold this morning to the extent of one per cent; but the swindle soon became known, and the opening rates were re-established.

Meade's movement at the Rapidan.

Meade's movement across the Rapidan is not fully explained in the Northern papers, though the fact is exposed that the army had three day's rations cooked and in their haversacks, and was "unencumbered with other trains than ambulance and pontoons" Whatever the experiment of crossing was made for, it was rather costly. We find a list of 115 men wounded, including Col. Lockwood, of the 7th Virginia, and several field officers. The following dispatches give what particulars are published:

The advance of the late crossing at Morton's Ford was made by 100 men of the 126th New York volunteers, under Lieut. Col. Baird, and the 39th New York (Garibaldi Guard.) Gen. Hays, division commander, forded the river on foot, accompanied by Gen. Owen, brigade commander. The crossing was effected by fording waist deep, under the cheering excitement of picket firing from the approaching banks; but about 25 the rebels, including three officers, flanked by our rapidly moving forces, surrendered and were sent across the river. Our skirmishers steadily advanced, and gallantly forced the rebel skirmish line back to the protection of their works. Our position, the line constantly wavering as it swayed forward and backward, delivering and receiving a heavy and galling fire, was maintained until dark. At that period two regiments came up to their support, shortly after which Col. Baird reported to General Owen that the 55 rounds of ammunition had been exhausted by his command. He was then ordered to withdraw his skirmishers to the rear of the line of battle. About ten o'clock the entire command recrossed the Rapidan. The loss of the 126th was about 25 men.

Washington, Feb. 8.--Parties coming from the front represent that we experienced considerable loss on the return of our troops from the late demonstration.

It is stated that some of our pontoons were lost at the Rapidan, whereby the enemy was enabled to pick up some of our men who had not recrossed.

Parties arriving from the front this forenoon state that when our troops pushed across at Germana Ford they found the rebel rifle pits in that immediate vicinity occupied by but twenty five pickets, who threw down their arms and surrendered, stating that there was no rebel force within ten miles of their position.

Immediately thereafter our forces pushed ahead in the direction of Orange Court-House, but had hardly proceeded two miles before they were opened upon.

Attacking the rebel force working and supporting the battery, we drove them from their position with considerable loss in killed, wounded, and prisoners, our loss in the affair being 35.

The mass of our infantry then recrossed the Rapidan.

Gen Scott on the War — Things not so bright for the Union--Jack Bunsey's opinion of the duration of the Contest.

A correspondent of the Boston Journal sends that paper, from New York, an account of a visit to Gen. Scott. He has broken up housekeeping, we are informed, and has taken rooms at Delmonico's. The letter says:

‘ In a suit of parlors on the lower floor, furnished in a style suited to his rank, Gen. Scott has his headquarters. His rooms are such as a military gentleman of position and fortune would desire. They are ornamented with busts, statues, maps, paintings, and implements of war. His daughter lives near him, and her children, intelligent and sprightly, may be seen roaming round the room, climbing his knees for a kiss, or a smile, or a kind word, and throwing a halo of youth and pleasure over the home and declining years of the invalid hero. Gen. Scott is a great favorite of the ladies. Every day rare and fresh flowers are laid by fair hands on his table, filling the room with exquisite sweetness. Fruits of all kinds are sent to him daily, and of these attentions he is especially proud, and makes particular mention of them to all familiar friends who visit him. His bodily health is not firm.

’ Five years ago he met with an accident that affected his spine, since which time he has not been able to sit on his horse. Indeed he had not been on a horse but once since the accident, and then he was helped on and off, remaining but a few minutes, that his portrait might be painted. He seldom leaves his room, and walks about it with great difficulty. But his mind is just as clear as when the cannons pealed along our frontiers in the war of 1812.

He is well posted in all the acts of the Government and of the army. He reads everything that relates to the national peril, has his own decided opinions of movements and of men, and expresses himself freely, without the veil of secrecy or reserve, about the war, its duration and termination, the courage and skill of our Generals, and the obstacles that still lie in our path.

I had an interview with him of about an hour's duration. He did not regard the future prospects as very bright. Indeed, he said he did not see one bright spot in our national horizon. One thing he thought very remarkable. No war of any magnitude had ever been prosecuted any where before this one without throwing to the surface men of marked military genius and marked public virtue. But this war has been fruitful of no such result so far. Those who had inspired a momentary confidence had disappointed the public expectations.--We have had some splendid fighting, but with no marked results. Our Generals seem to have no ability to reap the fruits of well-fought battles.

To fight the enemy, to gain a decisive victory, and then let him escape with his men, guns, and baggage, is simply to make the war endless. He considered the President's amnesty proclamation as impracticable, in consequence of the large number of persons exempted from the hope of pardon. These would be made desperate and fight to the last. If the large number exempted from pardon were in the hands of the President to-day, and under lock and key, so that he could, if he would, march them out to death, he could not execute that large number.

Humanity and civilization would revolt at it. In the judgment of Gen. Scott, it would be better to offer pardon to the great mass of the rebels, and reserve severe punishment for the leaders only.--More than a year ago Gen. Scott supposed that Corinth and Richmond would be taken, and taken at once. He not only expected it, but had never seen any explanation or reason why it was not done. Confident of that result he sent to the President a plan for the settlement of the difficulty North and South. A basis for the reconstruction of the Union was sent in. It was made the subject of one or more Cabinet meetings, and Gen. Scott is confident that when the war is over the plan will form substantially the basis of a final settlement.

Of Gen. McClellan's military career Gen. Scott declines to speak--first, because he recommended him for the position of Commander in-Chief, and because a court martial is to be called, and, as he may be one of the judges, he does not wish to prejudge the case. I could not understand whether Gen. McClellan desired the court marshal, or whether it was to be ordered by the Government. He was clearly disappointed that Richmond was not taken; but whether it was the fault of Gen. McClellan, Gen. McDowell, or the interference of the Government, General Scott declined to give an opinion.

Of Gens. Burnside and Hooker, and other commanders of that stamp, he regarded them as loyal men, brave men, good division commanders, but wholly incompetent to plan or execute a military campaign. Of Gen. Grant he expressed himself surprised and delighted. He said he knew Gen. Grant in the war with Mexico, and where he was a Lieutenant, and had no opportunity to distinguish himself. So far Gen. Grant had proved himself the hero of the war — fighting great battles with consummate skill, and securing the results. And so far he seemed to be the only General who knew how to do it!

While he does not think this war will be a seven years war, yet neither this year nor the next, in his opinion, will see its end. Much hard fighting is to be done before the rebellion will cease.

Great and grave questions of anxiety and trouble will arise and run on, and vex the nation beyond the lifetime of this generation. But the Union will be preserved, the national life perpetuated, and the United States will come out of this terrible baptism of blood with renewed life and strength to bless the coming generation.

Such is the substance of an hour's conversation with the old hero. And as his opinions are with no reserve or wish that they should not be made public, I presume your readers will be pleased to hear from the General.

The corruption at Washington.

The corruption at Washington is becoming so rife and enormous that even the Yankees are beginning to cry out against it. The New York Herald, in admitting it, says:

‘ Everyday brings us some new developments of the unparalleled corruptions of the present Administration. With the exception of President Lincoln, who is personally honest, because he is too imbecile to be otherwise, no member of the Administration is free from the taint of guilt. There is corruption in the War Department; there is gross corruption in the Navy Department; the Treasury Department is corrupt from top to bottom; even the State Department, which has very little to do with jobs and contracts, has not escaped calumny. President Lincoln, who presides over these departments, and who must be aware of the

frauds perpetrated in them, cannot avoid the responsibility of the evils which he permits and takes no measures to correct. The copperhead journals are making a great deal of capital out of the corruptions of the Administration. Nobody can blame them for so doing. Such an Administration as this is fair game even for its worst opponents.

’ The Herald, after probing further into the matter, says:

‘ "Honest" Old Abe ! whose honesty in all is his name and personal character, since he has proved to be the most dishonest politician who ever went to Washington, and cares no more for his political promises than a bankrupt for his promises to pay. Does the Administration, whose enormous knaveries throw the comparatively trifling peccadilloes of Buchen entirely into the shade, expect any better fate than defeat at the polis and ignominy in history? The Administration is so notoriously corrupt that to become its apologist is dangerous, if not fatal to the reputation of any respectable man.

Very Interesting from New Orleans — split in the Louisiana (Yankee) State Convention.

Lincoln's scheme to get Louisiana into the Union again doesn't seem to work smoothly. The latest advices from New Orleans are to the 3d inst. The Convention which Banks had called had split. The Picayune says:

‘ The nominating Convention, which met at Lyceum Hall last night, had a stormy time of it, and did not get fairly through with the business on hand till midnight. At length the elements were found to be so inharmonious that a separation was resolved upon, and about half of the delegates followed the President protem to the Free State Committee rooms. For a long time after this there was no effort made to effect a reorganization. Some went across to the Marble Hall and took a drink, and some remained in private consultation. --Eventually the portion of the Convention that remained--fifty-one in number — resolved itself into a deliberative body, and harmoniously proceeded to the business before it. The result was the nomination of--

the delegates who adjourned to the Free State Committee rooms (forty in number) also reorganized, and proceeded to make the nominations as follows:

The "Conservative Union" men — J. Q. A. Fellows, Julian Neville, H. M. Summers, and others — invite Christian Roselius and J. Ad. Rozier to address them at the St. Charles Theatre. Rosells accepts the invitation in a brief notes, saying: ‘"I will always be ready and willing to do everything in my power for the support of the Constitution of the United States and the Union created thereby."’ Rozier's note of acceptance is more to the point. He says:

‘ You judge me right; I am a Conservative Union man. I inhabit the temperate zone of politics; the frigid and torrid zones I avoid Madison truly wrote that the purposes of this Government are "to support the Constitution, which is the cement of the Union, as well in its limitations as in its authorities; to respect the rights and authorities reserved to the States and to the people, as equally incorporated with and essential to the success of the general system." And in the words of Jefferson, the "support of State Governments in all their rights, as the most competent administrations for our domestic concerns, and the surest bulwark against anti-republican tendencies, the preservation of the General Government in its whole constitutional vigor, as the sheet anchor of our peace at home and safety abroad."

’ The number of deaths in the city during the week ending January 31, was 122--72 whites, 38 blacks, 12 mulattoes.

The report of the "First National Bank of New Orleans" for February 1st, shows Loans and Discounts, $149,555,15; Specie, $5,453; Deposits, $552,364.50; Circulation, none; Notes in hands of U. S. Treasurer, not yet received, $90,000; United States Bonds deposited with Treasurer, $100,000.

The Picayune notes the arrival of one steamer from the mouth of the Ohio, and two more were hourly expected. It describes the leave as presenting a rather dull and inanimate appearance — The sugar depot was well supplied with both sugar and molasses — though there were only limited quantities awaiting buyers. The "five thousand bales of cotton a week," predicted by some, had not arrived. The freight market was greatly depressed — a large amount of tonnage awaiting employment. The jobbing and wholesale dry goods business was greatly restricted.

The Provost Marshal General has "consented to allow the festivities usual in the city on Mardi Gras."

The steamer Planet, from Cairo, with cattle, produce, and 800 negro soldiers, was sunk the Monday night previous, 35 miles above the city — no particulars.

Lieuts. Whitelt and Green, of the 26th Indiana regiment, captured at Morganza, had escaped from Tyler, Texas, and reached New Orleans. The trick by which they escaped was pretending to get angry at something said or done by the Confederate officer in charge, and surrendering their paroles, and then escaping by means of paroles borrowed from two other officers. They report upwards of 100 Yankee officers at Tyler. These men learned on their way that Mouton's division had been at Gaines's landing for the purpose of crossing arms and ammunition from this side, which they successfully accomplished.

The Picayune copies a letter written off Wilmington, by which it appears that the gunboat blown up near Georgetown was the Iron Age. She got ashore in chasing a blockade runner, and was destroyed on account of not being able to get her afloat.


The Constitution and Union (peace) newspaper office in Fairfax, Iowa, edited by Dave Sheward, was visited by company E, of the 2d Iowa volunteers, on the 7th inst., and the type and paper were thrown out of the window and the subscription books were destroyed.

A Washington dispatch says five blockade runners, recently from Richmond, were arrested on the stage from Port Tobacco, Maryland. On their persons were found between $30,000 and $40,000 in gold, twenty-two gold watches, five Georgia State bonds of $1,000 each, and two North Carolina State bonds. They were sent to the Old Capitol prison.

The railroad depot at Chattanooga, containing quartermasters' stores, was burned on Saturday. --Loss one hundred thousand dollars.

Sumner, Reverdy Johnson, and others, says the New York Herald, are now moving for an amendment of the Constitution of the United States, prohibiting slavery everywhere.

Ten regiments of Federals are now employed in regulating the civil administration in Tennessee.

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