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Affairs at Chattanooga.

--Vigilance of the Yankee--The editor of the Atlanta Register has had as interview with a gentleman who has had occasion to frequently pass the Federal lines at various points. He informs the Register that he spent last week in fruitless endeavors to pass from Dayton into Tennessee. He says that it is utterly impossible to get beyond the Federal outposts. The main mads are not watched half so closely as the hidden paths through the woods and mountains, and sentinels are more numerous at night than in daylight. Such watchfulness has never been expressed by any Federal commander as by General Grant. Our friend says that surely some movement is contemplated by the enemy, the concealment of which is of the utmost importance.

He says that great numbers of Federal troops are being brought down the river on steamboats from Knoxville while very few go in that direction by railroad. An intelligent Union man, a citizens of East Tennessee, stated to our informant that Federal officers declared that the small pox would whip them if the rebels did not. The abandonment of most of the country was for this reason a matter of necessity.

Untonists have suffered and lost as much by Federal highwaymen as Southerners. The great mass of the people this side of Knoxville draw supplies from Federal commissaries. Thousands have gone into Kentucky and Middle Tennessee. East Tennessee was to be redeemed by the presence of Federal armies. It is becoming an uninhabitable barren waste. Disease, destitution, helpless poverty, and haggard want follow in the train of Union armies.

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