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The siege of Charleston.

The Courier of Monday last, which was the two hundred and twenty ninth day of the siege of Charleston, in speaking of the progress of the siege and the preparations of the enemy, furnishes the following particulars:

‘ The enemy's bombardment of the city was kept up steadily Saturday from one gun only at Battery Gregg, until about eight o'clock Saturday night, when the enemy ceased firing. The total number of shells fired since last report was one hundred and twelve; making an aggregate of, in fifty- three and a half hours continuous firing upon the city from only one gun, two hundred and seventy-eight.

’ Two more gunboats made their appearance and joined the fleet inside the bar Saturday evening.

The vessel reported sunk is a three masted propeller, one of the heavy draft blockaders, and is supposed to have carried a crew of about 300 men. She is sunk in about five fathoms of water outside the bar, and lies to the eastward of Drunken Dick Shouls, off Maffit's Channel, nearly opposite Battery Marshall. A Yankee tug made an effort to reach her Saturday morning but failed. Saturday afternoon four of the enemy's barges succeeded in getting to the wreck, when the crews commenced stripping it of the sails, spars, rigging, &c. The sunken vessel is believed to be the new steam sloop-of-war Flambean.

Another blockader has also disappeared mysteriously, not having been seen for two days past, and it is believed shared the fate of its companion.--Several shots were fired at Fort Sumter Saturday and Sunday, but without any effect. The soles of the embrasures at battery Gregg have been lowered, and their relay very much increased, affording greater facilities for the guns to assist in the defence of the batteries from any outside attack.

A reconnaissance made shows that the enemy have only one embrasure at battery Gregg opening on Sullivan's Island, and that is believed has been made for two small Parrott guns. At battery Cummings only one embrasure opens on Sullivan's Island, intended for a 100 pounder Parrott, to bear both on Sullivan's Island and Maffitt's Channel.--At battery Wagner five Parrott guns and two Columbiads bear upon Sullivan's Island.

The number of tents both on Morris's and Coles's Islands have decreased to a considerable extent.--It is believed that nothing but a small garrison remains on the island.

Five Yankee deserters from John's Island came into our lines Saturday morning at daylight, and were brought to the city Sunday evening. They were on picket when they attempted to escape. --The party at first they say consisted of seven, but it is believed two of the party were overtaken.--They stated that they came up the Kiawah river, crossed to our pickets and gave themselves up.

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