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The United States and Mexico.

Notwithstanding the resolution unanimously adopted by the Federal House of Representatives not "to acknowledge a Monarchical Government erected upon the ruins of any Republican Government in America under the auspices of any European power," we look for nothing beyond words in that quarter. Having erected a despotic Government on the ruins of their own Republic, they can have no conscientious scruples against a mild monarchy in Mexico like that of Maximilian. The policy of the thing will be their rule of action, and they are not fools enough to beard the military power of France. The resolution of the House, as Mr. Cox justly characterized it, is a mere brutum fulmen, unless backed by arms. And how are they going to back it in that way? They have already more on their hands in that way than they can attend to. Bullying the South and cringing to Europe is the extent of their capacity.

If they had never driven the Southern States from the Union the United States would have escaped its profound humiliation which it now suffers. Or, if it could conquer the South, it might be in a fair way of retrieving its disgrace, and sending back Maximilian to the land of his fathers. By the aid of Southern troops and Southern Generals it brought the whole of Mexico to its knees without difficulty, and, with such auxiliaries, what might it not accomplish against the few foreign troops of Maximilian, unsustained by the energies of a united people? But the solders who conquered Mexico are now defending the Mexican empire as well as their own country. Does the United States perceive the difference? Perhaps Maximilian may appreciate it.

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