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These Audacious Confederates.

The resolution moved by Sehuyler Co'fax, Speaker of the Yankee House of Representatives, for the expulsion of Mr. Long, by way of preamble, entered a bill of indictment against the people of the Confederate States. He charged solemnly that they had been guilty of the great crime of erecting an independent Government out of Territory belonging to the United States! And he charged, furthermore, that they had been killing the soldiers of the Union sent to assert the authority of the United States Government! How the South is ever to vindicate itself before the world from these terrible accusations, it is hard to say. It certainly cannot deny them altogether. We may make an answer part of confession and part denial. We may say that we have not taken territory that belonged to the Yankee Government, of which said Colfax appears as the prosecuting attorney, since that territory belonged to the States which have dissolved partnership with the agreeable and loveable political family represented by said Colfax, and, of course, went with them, and cannot be dissevered from them. But as to the killing of the Union soldiers, that is too true. The "offence is rank,"and at least reaches the sensibilities of the virtuous denizen of the White House. How so grave an offence is to be atoned, we cannot imagine. It is similar in character (but of incomparably greater magnitude) to shooting a robber of the hen-roost; killing the wolf in the sheep-fold; ending the existence of an amiable grisly bear found bearing off a petted and fatted heifer; hanging upon the nearest tree a dog caught killing a sheep; giving the quietus to a house-breaker as he forces the door, pistol in hand, to defend himself in his lawful occupation — or any other such brutal deeds of blood and murder perpetrated against such like gentle and peaceable animals and amiable citizens in the pursuit of the lawful occupation of appropriating to themselves other people's property, and promoting the good of society! The world will stand aghast at the hardihood of the South in raising the arm to strike down the benevolent and philanthropic Union soldiers who come to the Southern land to carry out purposes full as gentle, humane, and honest as any ever undertaken by any of the aforementioned animals, who have not been, it would appear, properly appreciated heretofore by mankind. The Yankee Government, however, is about to place them, and the Union soldiers along with them, in a new light, and, it may be supposed, will put them in a way to be relieved of the unjust odium heaped upon them by popular opinion!

We apprehend that the South, while confessing its enormous sin in this respect, is not properly repentant; but is obdurately bent on pursuing it further. They have lately been doing horrible deeds amongst numbers of these Union soldiers, who came amongst them with the best intentions, and with hearts overflowing with the milk of human kindness! For witness, behold Ocean Pond, where one savage Indian named Finegan "did" a great many of them; Paducah, Columbus and Fort Pillow, where one no less ferocious man, of course a Barbarian, as he is a son of a Forrest, brutally did ahead a great deal of Yankee and some African blood; and furthermore at Shreveport and divers other places in Louisiana, and lastly at Plymouth, in North Carolina, the lives of these exemplary Union soldiers were cruelly taken in great numbers, and their released souls sent to give what society and consolation they may to the manes of the thousands who have gone before them.!

The amiable character of these armed missionaries of law and humanity from the North was early demonstrated in the war by McNeal, and Butler, and Burnside, and Hunder and others, and their examples utterly deprive the guilty Southerners of any plea in mitigation in answer to Colfax.

The Examiner, whose attention was called particularly to the affair at Fort Pillow and the blowing up of a Federal vessel with a needless and reckless Confederate torpedo, by the pious exclamations of the Philadelphia Inquireragainst the same, enters into a very ingenious analysis of the difference in the right to kill and hang people in this war, as possessed by the Confederacy on the one hand and by the Federal Government on the other. It is a piece of casuistry that the render will very much enjoy. We quote the following extracts from the same:

Evidently, in the eyes of the strictly moral Yankee, we have entered upon an evil and victory course of conduct. It is clear that they cannot allow their own methods of warfare to be any precedent for us. At Charleston, for example, at though they have not stormed that city, and cannot take it by slege, mine, starvation or bombardment, they feel it to be their duty, at any rate, to throw Greek fire amongst the non combatant population of the city in order to bring them to a wholesome sense of their crimes. Richmond. which they cannot take by storm, and which was not called on to surrender as Fort Pillow was, they may dash into by way of surprise, give it up to indiscriminate sack, slaughter and conflagration at the hands of infuriated released prisoners, and hang the civil officers of our Government upon trees at their own doors; and the contemplation of scenes like these does not make their hearts sicken, nor their blood run chill. One cannot but infer that there is some great intrinsic difference in the cause on the one side, and on the other, turning that which is held legitimate warfare on their part into barbarous murder when perpetrated by us! and a difference there certainly is, which, to the careless observer, would seem rather in our favor. We are not invading their country, nor holding, nor seeking to hold, any place which belongs to them. We are not blockading their rivers, nor shelling their beach, nor pillaging their property; are not trying to starve them to death and to break their hearts by mere hunger and hardship; only desire in short to have nothing whatsoever to do with them any more for ever. Under these circumstances it might be too hastily concluded that we may lawfully permit ourselves at least as strong measures for defence as our enemies use for offence. But in fact the true difference — and it alters the whole case — is that our Northern brethren are in the position of officers of the law bringing criminals to justice; we in the position of burglars and brigands resisting the authorities, and the sheriff may do to the highwayman what the highwayman must not do to the sheriff. The constable may shoot, or starve out, or smoke out, or blow up, the resisting burglar, because he has a lawful warrant; but if the burglar perpetrate these enormities upon the constable it chills the blood and sickens the heart.

"This," says the Examiner,‘"is the theory and the practice of our enemies."’ Felicitating the country upon the events at Fort Pillow as likely to inaugurate the policy of more clearly asserting our rights as belligerents, and rejecting altogether the character of criminals resisting the authority of the Yankees, the Examinerconcludes thus:

The Confederacy, if it is to remain a Confederacy, cannot afford, cannot endure, to stand on any lower ground; and this our enemies know well; their affected horror at our doings is not pure, unmeaning impudence; it has a wise and politic purpose; and that purpose is, by constant reiteration of their own theory and steady ignoring of ours, to gain insensibly that moral superiority which makes the criminal quail before the constable; and thus to lower the tone of our military spirit, and breathe into our soldiers a certain fearful looking for judgment, which would make their hearts melt in their bosoms.

The decisive campaign of the war is opening; the last campaign as we firmly hope and believe; for these Yankees and their war grown tiresome; It were well to have done with them and it; and to set about the work this one good time in the style that is sure to put it through. For so desirable an end all that is needed is a spirit high and keen, and such a fierce, unsparing temper as will "sicken the heart" of the Yankee, and make his thin blood run cold.

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