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From Gen. Johnston's Army.

We have received, through the Southern Express, Atlanta papers of Sunday last. The Intelligencer, in its "situation" article, holds this language.

‘ The most authentic reports from this army incline us to the belief that Sherman is still marching and massing for position, hoping by heavy movements to overwhelm us from our stronghold and permit him to secure undisputed control of the State Railroad to Altoona. By securing this, he succeeds in establishing a point for not only offensive and defensive measures, but also a position from which he can successfully retreat, if occasion requires.

’ He is well aware that he cannot maintain a long uninterrupted line of supply to his army, but he is also aware that these occasional interruptions are only momentary, and that by pursuing the usual indomitable course that has always signalized his movements, he hopes to accumulate a strong depository for his army, so that it will make no difference to him how much his rear is disturbed afterward. We find, too, on reference to an accurate summary of Thomas's advance, written by the correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial, May 11th, that every arrangement was effected to live off our country as they came. The writer says: ‘"A large amount of salt was ordered into the commissary wagons, and you know what that signifies. It means that we will subsist off the country on our march to Atlanta. We know there are large amounts of subsistence and forage along the entire route."’

We have not the slightest doubt but that the enemy were well informed concerning the amounts and quality of supplies, and where they could find it along the route from Dalton, South. That they have subsisted off the country thus far to a great extent, does not admit of a doubt; but it cannot remain thus much longer. Sherman is now forced to assume a stronghold where he can securely arrange for further movements. His first effort will be to secure reinforcements. These are doubtless on then way, and will bring security with them a large amount of supplies, protecting their transit on the railroad as they come. We mention these ideas to stimulate our people to a greater sense of their danger than they have hitherto exhibited.--Those who reside between the present situation of the enemy and the defences of this city should have their arrangements effected by which to secure a rapid retreat if it should occur that our army retires before the advance of the enemy.

They should so completely clear the country of all subsistence when they leave their homes that not even a living skeleton of any sort of animal, not a grain of cereal, should be left to fall into the hands of the foe. For it is a fixed fact that if the hands ceruican abdomens besiege our city, no family, no people can live securely anywhere near them — They have always hitherto searched so thoroughly — and by the help of the servants we have ever treated best — always found every particle of subsistence and other articles that had been hidden.

Our army that now stands like a living wall of destruction between this city and the enemy, will do as they always have done, fight with the Herculean blows of giants, and a fearful tale their prowess tells on the foe, but it may occur that General Johnston may find it a wise proceeding to retire even into the walls of the city. If he does so it must be obvious that a great necessity governs him and that he is the best and only judge of the military strategy and battling needed for our defence or victory. In his hands is placed the trust, we confidently believe, is better and more carefully deposited than it could be in the hands of any other man amongst us, and whatever he will do we shall look on and defend as right. But the spirit of the people must be aroused. Let there be no flagging, and if the call for defence comes home to us let us be ready for the fray. "To do or die" in obedience to the mandates of our General, who does all for the best, must be our battle cry.

A bulletin, dated Atlanta, June 4th, says:

‘ Since yesterday afternoon a constant, penetrating rain has been falling, and with little indication at this writing of a cessation. The rains, no doubt, will materially interfere with military operations in front for a day or two. We hear of firing in the direction of Marietta this morning, and no additional reports have reached us from the field.

’ From the "situation" article of the Chattanooga Gazette, of the 29th ult, which lies before us, we learn that rumors are in circulation in Chattanooga to the effect that Sherman has already entered Atlanta. The Gazette says:

‘ "There is no official verification of the truth of this rumor, and we are induced to believe that the announcement is premature.

"There can be no impropriety, however, in stating that as many as two days ago General Sherman's headquarters were at Dallas, the other side of the Altoona Mountains.

"These mountains were most successfully flanked, and if our readers will but glance at the map they will see our close proximity to Atlanta. We imagine that, as in the past, the Western Army will eclipse the Army of the Potomac by the brilliancy of its movements."

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