Diary of the great campaign in Virginia.
[From an Army Correspondent of the Charleston Courier.]
Wednesday, May 4
--Yankees crossed the Rappahannock
, entrenched, and were driven from their entrenchments with a loss of fifteen hundred prisoners.
Thursday, May 5--Battle from dawn to 8 A M. 3,000 Yankee prisoners.
Later engagement from twelve till night; Ewell
against 5th army corps (Sykes
's). Place, Parker's Store
, on plank road, eight miles from Chancellorsville
Result, three corps and two divisions of Yankees repulsed--Generals Jems
Friday, May 6.--Place, near Wilderness
Yankee right and left wings turned.
wounded; Jeanings and Jenkins
killed; also, Wadsworth
, on Federal side.
pushed back to Chancellorsville
Saturday, May 7.--Place, Germania Ford road. Gen Gordon
, of Ga, turned enemy's right, and captured Gens Seymour
Enemy abandoned Germania road and removed pontoons to Eley's ford.
Sunday, May 8.--Enemy swung round.
morning on their right flank Fight at Spotsylvania
ll; the 5th army corps and two divisions of cavalry against Gen
R H. Anderson
Enemy repulsed with heavy slaughter and driven from the Court House
, which they vainly endeavored to retake.
Monday, May 9--At evening a large body of the enemy moved around our left and look possession of the road midway between Shady Grove
Churen and the Court-House
Tuesday, May 10--Frequent skirmishing.
Early drove back the enemy at evening.
entrenched on the Brooks Road
, not far from Spotsylvania
C H. Enemy made a raid on Ashland
, whence they were repulsed on the 11th by Stuart
and Fitz Lee
's losses (official) up to this time 35,000.
Federal Generals Stevenson
Wednesday, May 11--Assault in force on our breastworks from morning to sunset.
Most obstinate on Gen Anderson
, our left, at sunset.
Repulsed with tremendous loss
Thursday, May 12--The great battle of Spotsylvania
C H. Grant
reinforced by one full corps from Washington
Assault on breastworks, ten lines deep.
captured--2,000 men and 18 guns.
Our line re-established.
Yankees repaired with loss of 20,000 (?) Gen Perrin
, and Johnson
Friday, May 13--No fighting.
's congratulatory order.
Saturday, May 14.--Partial attack by Lee
swung away from our left to the railroad.
Sunday, May 15--Enemy still moving.
Left behind 13 caissons and 21 gun carriages.
's congratulatory order. "Advance of principal army of enemy thus far checked, and a heavy loss inflicted."
Monday, May 16--Skirmishing.
Tuesday, May 17--Skirmishing.
Wednesday, May 18--Enemy still moving to our right.
Cavalry advance on Cheney State on Feint on our left wing at Spotsylvania
C H. Cannonading
on our right wing.
Thursday, May, 19.--Many arms collected by us on the field and in pits.
Reconnaissance by Ewell
at 3 P M. Hancock
, 21 corps and Burnside
, 9th corps, encountered on west and north of road from Spotsylvania
C H. to Fredericksburg
The engagement indecisive.
Friday, May 20--No fighting Grant
still swinging his columns around our right.
Cuts looze from Fredericksburg
as a base, and establishes depots at Port Royal
Saturday, May 21.--Grant
occupies Milford Station
and Bowling Green
His breastworks in front of Spotsylvania
Sunday, May 22.--Our troops moving all day in a parallel line to Grant
Monday, May 23.--Fitz Lee
's cavalry pressed by enemy's infantry at Anderson's Cross Roads. Enemy crossed the North Anna
at Jerica ford, and encountered our forces near Nool's Turnout.
Tuesday, May 24--Place Oxford Mill
, three and a half miles from Hanover Junction
Enemy attacked our left and were repulsed, and charged by Mahone
, commanding Anderson
Wednesday, May 25--Grant
destroys Central railroad, and swings fortifications to our right — Lee
's headquarters at Taylorsville
, Feeble attack on our rifle pits one mile from Hanover Junction
Both armies in line of battle.
Thursday, May 26--Grant
re-crossed the North Anna
, and again moving to our right.
Thursday, May 27--Grant
's left crossed the Pamunkey
, our army rapidly moving in a parallel line.
At 12 a heavy force of enemy appeared at Hanover
C H, pressing back our cavalry.
Saturday, May 28--Pamunkey crossed at Hanoverton
, toward Old Church, by Federals.
Monday, May 30--Grant
entrenching on North and West of Tolsotemay creek.
Our troops in line of battle at Atlec's Station, Virginia Central railroad Hanover
C H evacuated by enemy.
in command of cavalry swell at acks 5th corps on Mechanicsville road, nine miles from Richmond
, and drives them to their entrenchments five and a half miles.
Tuesday, May 31.--Enemy still moving towards the York railroad
Wednesday, June 1.--Anderson
's divisions drove the enemy to their entrenchments Breckinridge
drove them from their front.
Enemy repulsed by Heth
mortally wounded Butler
.--Enemy driven from Ashland
--75 prisoners and 300 horses Lee
Thursday, June 2--Severe fighting on York River railroad.
Enemy's position abandoned from Attee's nearly round to Mechanicsville pike — Flanked by Ewell
on Mechanicsville pike, (their right,) capturing 500 prisoners and taking three lines of their breastworks Their right wing bent back to the Pamunkey
, on Turkey Hill
, to gain McClellan's bridge, on the Chickahominy
— a failure Grant
communicates with the White House
as his base.
Friday, June 3--Great battle.
Our line as follows: Left wing.
Early in command of Ewell
's corps, with divisions of Early
— Centre, A P Hill
's corps, with Heth
's and Breckinridge
Right wing, Anderson
's corps, (Longstreet
's) with Hoke
's divisions Attack at daylight on Anderson
; front on Early Yankees repulsed everywhere with frightful slaughter; our loss less than in any other great battle the war Battle over at 10 A M; enemy's loss 6,000.
Night attack on Breckinridge
— soon repulsed.
Saturday, June 4.--Skirmishing; three feeble night assaults.
Sunday, June 5--Grant
's flag of truce for burying the dead; at night the enemy swing round to our right hastily
Monday, June 6--Early
followed them for two miles Enemy entrenched on Tolsotemay Creek, with swamp in front.
Tuesday, June 7--Yankees still moving to on right, in front of Hill
Flag of trace for burying the dead.