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Gen. Stephen D. Lee has recently been appointed Lieutenant-General in the Confederate States army, and placed in command of the Mississippi Department. In connection with this announcement, a brief military biography of this officer will prove interesting. He is a native of South Carolina, and a graduate of West Point, where he took his diploma in 1854; was a classmate of Gens. J. E. B. Stuart, J. B. Villepigue, W. D. Pender, and Horace Randall. He commenced his military career as 2d Lieutenant of the 4th artillery, and was subsequently promoted to a 1st lieutenancy of the 1st regiment of regulars. Soon after his native State seceded from the old Union, he resigned his position and repaired to South Carolina, where he entered the army as captain, early in March, 1861. He served with Beauregard in the taking of Fort Sumter, and after the strife was fully inangarated, and a hostile army on the soil of the Old Dominion, he repaired to Virginia with a battery of light artillery, and there, with the legion of Hampton, figured conspicuously and honorably in many of the sanguinary engagements. He was soon honored with the rank of Major, next Lieut. Colonel, and then Colonel. He commanded a battery on the Potomac for some time; was in the battle of Seven Pines and the seven days fight around Richmond; was next assigned to duty as Colonel of the 4th Virginia cavalry, and subsequently to a battery of artillery that gained distinction in the second battle of Manassas and at Sharpsburg. When a commander was needed for the defences of Vicksburg in the fall of 1862, President Davis sent him to defend the stronghold of Mississippi, having conferred upon him the rank of Brigadier General. he commanded at the battle of Chickasaw Bayou, above Vicksburg, where, in December, 1862, he whipped Sherman and Morgan Smith, who brought a large force against his heroic little band. At the battle of Baker's Creek he commanded a brigade of Georgians, and during the siege of Vicksburg held that portion of Stevenson's line so furiously assaulted on the 19th and 22d of May. Shortly after the surrender Gen. Lee was appointed to the rank of Major General, and assigned to the command of all the cavalry in the Mississippi Department.
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