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The movements against Charleston.

Charleston papers of the 6th inst are received. The enemy retains his foothold on James's Island, and their forces were drawn up in line of battle all day Tuesday, confronted by our troops. There was some slight skirmishing during the day, and two monitors, with several wooden gunboats, in Stone river, kept up a continuous shelling of our lines. The force of the enemy on the Island is estimated at 4,000, and their whole force threatening the city is not thought to be over 7,000. The Courier says:

‘ Their principal demonstration Tuesday was against battery Principle. It is believed that their present object is to obtain a foothold on James's Island, and to attempt the capture of some of our outer line of batteries. We have no doubt that the programme of Gen. Foster has been carefully planned, and includes the capture of the city, but as surely believe he is destined to the same disappointment as his predecessors.

’ The enemy continue to shell the city. Twenty-six shots have been fired since our last report. Only six were thrown on the 4th inst. The Yankees omitted the national salute from their vessels and batteries Monday.

Another body of Yankees landed on John's Island Tuesday, but it is believed to be only a small force for the purpose of covering some movements elsewhere.

No change of importance in the fleet has been noticed.

The Mercury gives some additional particulars of the assault of Sunday morning on Fort Johnson, which will prove interesting to our readers:

On Saturday the Yankees had attacked our west lines on James Island, and having, as they supposed, diverted the watchfulness and attention of the commander of the east lines, about day on Sunday morning their barges were seen approaching Fort Johnson. They soon effected a landing of one column below battery Simpkins.--This was bravely and successfully repulsed by the picket, who also had charge of the guns, under command of Lieut Lowndes of company K, of 1st regiment of S. C. artillery, and Lieut Cowper, of company E, 1st S. C. artillery.

The second column, under the immediate command of Col. Hoyl, of the 52d Pennsylvania regiment, who also had command of the expedition, attacked the Brooke gun, and landing in overwhelming numbers, Lieut Rowoth, of the 2d S. C. artillery was compelled to fall back, after himself and men fighting bravely. The enemy, cheered by this success — with their commander at their head, waving his sword — advanced in heavy force upon Fort Johnson, but there they were received with a terrific fire by the light and heavy batteries on the line.

The enemy, finding the fire too hot for them, began waving white handkerchiefs, and seventy-five surrendered, the balance falling back. Many took shelter in the Brooke gun battery; but the larger number, taking to their barges, made good their escape, and, being subjected to a heavy fire from our batteries, are supposed to have received a heavy loss, as they were seen to pick up their dead and wounded.

Lieutenant Colonel Yates immediately ordered a charge to be made upon the Brooke gun battery. Company G. came up in fine style, commanded by First Lieutenant T. Davis Watles, and supported by Lieutenant J. C. Reynold, the Adjutant of the post, who had collected a squad of some twenty detailed men, and this daring dash was a complete success. We recovered the battery and took about sixty-five men.

Lieut Halsey, commanding the light howitzers, and Lieut Keith, in charge of the infantry supporting the parrott guns, Capt Cillard in command of the infantry on the line, with Lieut Dargam in command of a portion of the lines, poured a heavy fire upon the advancing columns, tending much to demoralize the assailants.

In their hasty retreat Battery Cheves, commanded by Capt Hunter, of 2d regiment, S. C. A. opened fire upon the retreating barges and sunk several.

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