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Speech of Mr. Long at home.

The Hon. Alexander Long, who was censured in the late Federal House of Representatives for his well known speech in favor of States' Rights, and of Peace, has had a grand reception at home, in the 2d Congressional District of Ohio — the Cincinnati District. The assemblage on the occasion was very large, and exhibited a great deal of applause for their Representative. Mr. Long was introduced by the Hon. Wm. Corry in a very eloquent address; and Mr. L. made to the people, his auditors, one of the boldest, if not the very boldest, speech yet pronounced on Northern soil, since the war began. In his speech in Congress he declared that he had rather see the Southern States independent than to see their people, men, women and children, exterminated. In his speech to his constituents he put the question more pointedly and positively, as follows:

‘ "That there is no other alternative in this war than subjugation and extermination of the Southern people on the one hand, or the recognition of their Confederacy on the other, is beyond question; and how can any sensible, humane, and liberty-loving man hesitate in preferring the latter? Every day's bloody experience and slaughter only serve to show that there can be no other termination of the contest."

’ He declared that those who were sane and sincere, who cried out for the extermination of eight millions of Christian men, women, and children of the South, were monsters, "who would be too highly honored by calling them fiends; their idea was as impossible as it was wicked and devilish." He added:

‘ "Two friendly republics having a common ancestry, common glories and recollections, lying side by side — having a lendable emulation in running the race of national freedom, prosperity and greatness, are infinitely preferable to one proud and splendid, but gloomy despotism, resting like a dark shadow upon the future of the American continent."

’ He explained his States' rights views and defended the sovereignty of the States. They were separate colonies — they threw off the allegiance to Great Britain as separate States--they were recognized as independent, separate States after the war of the Revolution — they had, during the war, been allied sovereignties under the Articles of Confederation, and their allegiance as such was continued under the Constitution of 1789. He gave the history of the Convention which framed that instrument to prove that the power to coerce a State by force was proposed to be engrafted upon it and rejected. He contended that there was no such power granted by the States to the Federal Government, and that from the day that Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 men to be used against the States that had seceded, the old Government had ceased to exist, and that they of the North had "been living for more than three years under a new Government — a Government necessarily despotic, because the Constitution being set aside, the man who rules over us (them) is absolutely without restraint of any kind, except that imposed by his own will."

He warned the people against centralization:--it did not lead to despotism — it was despotism itself. Nothing excited more the anxiety of our revolutionary forefathers than this fear of centralization of power in the Federal Government. A powerful despotism might be splendid; but its splendor was a poor consolation for the degradation of the people, and "for the loss of all their liberties, all that ennobles life and dignities manhood."

Mr. Long asserted that the idea that the Union could be restored by the sword was the wildest of all vagaries that ever afflicted a civilized people. That madness, said he, "combined with the unnatural idea of placing the negro upon a level with the white man, has deluged this land in blood, has impoverished us with debt and taxation, and destroyed the constitutional liberty bequeathed to us by our ancestors."

Mr. Long assailed Lincoln's administration, denounced its corruptions and declared there was no hope for the North but in driving it from the Capitol. He declared that the South could never be subjugated, and there was no hope of peace but in recognizing its independence. He avowed his firm purposed to maintain these views, and defied the power of Lincoln and his agents. He thus concluded:

‘ "From the Administration of Mr. Lincoln no wisdom or common sense can be expected. It will continue to tread in the downward career of folly and crime in the hope that upon the bloody car of revolution which is crushing the masses to death, its chiefs can side to positions of imperial splendor and individual greatness. In the dark vista of the future there is not one single ray of hope it the blessed sun of peace does not soon ascend the national horizon and shed its effulgent rays upon our land.

"Do not, my fellow citizens, follow longer this worse than will-o' the-wisp of Southern conquest and subjugation, which is leading this country deeper and deeper into the slough and mire of national degradation and ruin. Let us be just and generous. Let us stand by the Democratic principle, that all just Governments derive their powers from the consent of the governed. Though everything else fails, let us have no other Union than that based upon the consent of each and every State comprising it, and let us spurn with infinite disgust and abhorrence the idea of a Confederacy 'planned together by bayonets,' and only sustained and upheld by arbitrary and despotic powers,"

’ A speech like this gives a better sign than any other that appears in the North. There is really no hope for the North but in the independence of the South. When the people are prepared to look this fact full in the face, and to applaud the hold and manly public servant who announces and triumphantly vindicates it before them, we may believe that there is a sober second thought working its way amongst them. And when we consider that such declarations, so received, are permitted by the Government which would, two or three years ago, have imprisoned and probably banished from the country the author of them, we may well conclude that a great change has come over the North, and that the tyranny at Washington is checked some. what by fear from the pursuit of well known inclinations.

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