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In the House of Commons, on the 25th of July, Mr. Lindsay, before putting the question of which he had given notice, said he desired to have made a statement containing some important facts bearing upon the American war, and tending to show how futile was the attempt to restore the Union and coerce the South; but as he had no opportunity new of doing so, he begged simply to ask the First Lord of the Treasury if, considering the great sacrifice of life and property occasioned by the war still raging between the United States of America and the Confederate States, and considering the loss the people of this country have suffered by the war, it was the intention of her Majesty's Government, in concert with the other Powers of Europe, to use their endeavors to bring about a suspension of hostilities.

Lord Palmerston--I can assure my honorable friend that her Majesty's Government deeply lament the great sacrifice of life and property in America and the distress which that war has produced in this country. But we have not thought that in the present state of things there was any advantage to be gained by entering into concert with any other Powers for the purpose of proposing or offering mediation, or of negotiating with the Government of the United States or of the Confederate States to bring about a termination of this unhappy war.--[Hear, hear.]

French reports of the collapse of the Union cause.

[Paris (July 26 Correspondence of the London Standard.] There is a complete panic among the Federal residents here owing to the Arabia's telegrams. The fact that no news whatever has been received respecting Grant for the last four mails is construed as a sign that some serious disaster has befallen his army. The French Government is said to have received dispatches representing the Northern cause as on the eve of a collapse. What is peculiarly amusing, under the circumstances, is to find the Temps and the Opinione Nationale describing the invasion of Maryland as a mere raid of marauders. The proclamation of the Mayor of Baltimore, the account of Wallace's defeat, and others of the most important features of the Confederate successes, are carefully suppressed by these honest "news" papers.

Fifteen thousand bales of cotton from the Southern States.

The London News says that vessels have just arrived at Liverpool with about fifteen thousand bales of cotton, the proceeds of which are to go towards the sinking fund for redeeming Confederate bonds and paying the dividends of the coming April account, provision having already been made for the September account.

American naval affairs — an iron-plated ram standing westward.

Liverpool July 29, 1864.
--And unknown iron-plated ram, bearing the United States flag, passed the Isle of Wight, to the westward, on the 26th instant.

It is explained that the reported sea fight off Bantry Bay, July 11, was mere artillery practice by the coast guard men on board an English war vessel.

Captain Semmes is still in this city.

An Imperial minister to be Accredited to Washington.

[From the London Times, July 26.] According to accounts from France, the Emperor Maximilian, on his arrival at the city of Mexico, was assured by the United States Government of its readiness to receive a minister from the new Empire of Mexico and to accredit one to the Emperor Maximilian.

The rebel invasion.

[From the London Times, July 25. The interest of the American intelligence received by the Arabia is derived from every variety of incident that can illustrate the history of war. Military operations, political contests or financial difficulties have, severally, often given a special importance to the instalment of news; but never before has the confusion of the time been so vividly represented as by the brief outline we publish this morning of the events of a single week. The invasion of Maryland by the Confederates is in itself but a repetition of their former aggressive movements. But the effects of this attack, and the spirit in which it is met, give the incursion a new significance. It had "assumed formidable proportions," and filled the three chief cities of the North with alarm, extending even to New York.

Baltimore and Washington are "threatened," and the war is carried into the very suburbs of both. The danger is evident to the whole people of the North, but the reiterated appeal to them for the means of defence does not find the same response as before. The people of Maryland itself cannot be relied on by the Federal Government, and would probably rather the invasion than help to repel it. But the population of Jersey and Pennsylvania are now described as apathetic and disinclined even to months' service in the militia. Massachusetts itself exhibits the same indisposition to the war, for which, at the beginning of the conflict, it was the most zealous State in the Union. The civic authorities of New York protest against the removal of the military from the city, apprehending the revival of a riotous spirit in the inhabitants if the troops are withdrawn. The Governor of Pennsylvania is driven to word his proclamations to the people, not in the old terms of confidence and patriotism, but in the harsh language of reproach. He actually accuses them of "stupidity," and that "culpable indifference" which, in individuals, has been stigmatized as treason. These are indications on the surface of some change that must have been silently working beneath. We cannot hope that the Southern invasion will be a closing incident of the war; but the different, or rather the abated, feeling it excites in the North gives some faint hope that a state of opinion is being created which will not howl down those who speak of peace as public enemies.

During these events the paper price of sold varied in a range of thirty per cent. It rose to early two hundred and eighty, and subsided, when the worst period of alarm was over, to two hundred and fifty. It was just at this juncture that Mr. Fessenden, the successor of Mr. Chase, arrived in New York, and applied to the bankers for a new loan. He wished to obtain a temporary advance of $50,000,000 until the first of September. The cost of the war is thus impressed on the mind of the North, at the same moment that its dangers are visible on Northern soil, and its difficulty or hopelessness in Virginia.--The lessons of experience of all kinds are coming in quick succession. It will task the inventive faculty of the Government press to represent the occurrences of the past week as other than disastrous.--We have never heard that Charleston or Richmond had been thrown into such alarm as Baltimore and Washington have felt for several days. The Confederacy is more formidable as an enemy than ever. Its Government can engage Grant and his enormous army while it stretches its arm over him and deals a blow in the North itself that is felt in every section of society. In the lower classes of the community there appears to be beginning a dim consciousness of the real state of things. The mass of the people have filled the ranks of the army again and again; they have fought bravely, and given their lives freely; but they cannot endure a continual effort that has no result, or brings only calamity, and they now begin to shrink from the useless sacrifice.

Movements of Union and Confederate war vessels.

Galignani's Messenger of July 20 says:

‘ An Ostend letter in the Independence mentions the arrival in that port of two Confederate war vessels, the screw-corvette Butterfly, Captain, Russell, and the paddle- corvette Paul Jones, Captain Engelid.

’ The Vigei de Cherburg says:

‘ Three vessels belonging to the Federal States of America — the Niagara, the Sacramento and the Kearsarge — and four belonging to the Confederates--the Georgia, the Florida, the Nouvel Alabama, and the General Lee — have recently been met in the Channel by several merchantmen. An action between them is expected.

’ This may be taken for what if is worth. The Georgia, it will be remembered, has been sold at Liverpool, and lies quietly in dock there, and as to some of the other vessels named, they read very much like phantom ships.

The Army and Navy Gazette thinks that the Confederates, in their late raid, might have taken Baltimore or Washington, or both, and that they have lost a golden moment.

French journals continued to assert that a fight will soon take place in the waters of the British Channel between Federal and rebel cruisers.

The Queen's speech.

On the afternoon of the 29th ultimo Parliament was formally prorogued. The Queen's speech was delivered by the Lord Chancellor. In regard to America, the speech says:

‘ Her Majesty deeply laments that the civil war in North America has not been brought to a close. Her Majesty will continue to observe a strict neutrality between the belligerents, and would rejoice at a friendly reconciliation between the contending parties. Her Majesty has observed with satisfaction that the distress which the civil war in North America has created in some of the manufacturing districts has, to a great extent, abated, and her Majesty trusts that increased supplies of the raw materials of industry may be extracted from countries by which it has hitherto been scantily furnished.

’ The other features of the speech are an expression of regret at the failure of the Dano-German Conference, and a hope that the new negotiations may lead to peace; a reference to the cession of the Ionian islands; to the satisfactory progress of commerce, etc., in India and China; and to the war in New Zealand, etc.; winding up with an enumeration of the most important acts of the session and an expression of satisfaction at the commercial position of the country.

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