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The New York Herald of the 7th instant was received last night. We make from it the following interesting summary of news:


From Atalanta — Wheeler's raid.

The Herald contains the following dispatch from Nashville:

Nashville, September 5.--The news from Sherman's army to-day reports the loss of the enemy at three thousand killed and wounded. We captured two thousand prisoners, among them a brigadier-general, (name not given.)

We also captured a large amount of material.

The army is in full possession of Atlanta.

There are nearly four feet of water in the river at this point and it is rising.

General Roseau telegraphs from Spring Hill, late on Saturday, that Wheeler's rebel force was across. Duck river and had joined Roddy. Both were retreating towards Florence.

General Rosseau's pronounces their raid a complete failure.

General Kelly, reported mortally wounded, died at Franklin yesterday.

General Haskell is also reported killed in a skirmish.

Considerable damage has been done to the railroad. A large force is employed in repairing it, and will soon have it in running order again.

The damage done to the Chattanooga railroad by the rebels is also being rapidly repaired. Only one bridge has been destroyed — that over Stewart's creek, fifty feet long.

Colonel Spaulding was not captured, as reported. He is safe with his command.

Captain Price, of the Tenth Tennessee, was killed on Friday.


From the ValleySheridan's operations.

The following dispatch contains the latest intelligence from Sheridan. It seems Early has not retreated so far as might have been supposed:

Berryville, Va.,September 6.--The enemy are still in Sheridan's front, and, as far as can be seen, there are no indications of Early's retreat up the Valley at present.

The cavalry corps which left Rippon's store on Friday night have returned, having ascertained that the enemy was in strong force beyond the Occoquan.

Recruits and convalescents from the hospitals are arriving in great numbers almost every day, and are being rapidly sent forward to the front.

A heavy rain storm has prevailed since last night and still continues, making the transportation of supplies to the front very difficult.

It was expected the enemy would have attacked us in our position at Berryville yesterday, and preparations were made at the field hospital for the reception of one thousand wounded; but we were disappointed, and your correspondent holds to the opinion that the enemy have no idea of assuming the offensive, but will be perfectly content for the present with acting on the defensive and holding the Valley.

The prisoners captured in the fight on Saturday number some seventy.

Up to the time of writing this dispatch, there has been no fighting since Saturday; and, with the exception of little picket skirmishing, everything is perfectly quiet.


From Grant's army.

The following bulletin of Stanton to Dix explains the cannonade opened on our lines at Petersburg last Sunday:

War Department, Washington, September 6--8.10 P. M.
Major-General John A. Dix, New York:

In honor of the capture of Atlanta, General Grant yesterday ordered a salute to be fired with shotted guns from every battery bearing upon the enemy.

Nothing has been received by the Department from Atlanta since the 4th instant, nor anything south of Nashville, on account of the derangement of the telegraph lines by the prevailing storm.

No movements of importance have taken place in the Shenandoah Valley.

Edwin M. Stanton,
Secretary of War.

Death of General Morgan.

A dispatch from Knoxville on the 5th gives the following official report of General Gillem, relative to the surprise and killing of General John Morgan at Greenville:

Bull's Gap, Tennessee, September 4, 1864.
To General Tilson:
I surprised, defeated and killed John Morgan at Greenville this morning.

The killed are scattered for miles, and have not yet been counted, and probably number fifty or one hundred.

I have about seventy-five prisoners.

Among those captured are Morgan's staff, with one piece of artillery and a caisson.

The enemy's force outnumbered mine, but the surprise was complete.


Secretary Seward's campaign — no draft.

On Saturday evening last a large crowd of the citizens of Auburn, New York, including several hundred volunteers who were waiting to be mustered into the service of the United States, congregated in the grounds adjoining William H. Seward's residence, in that city, and called for the Secretary to address them. In response to the invitation, Mr. Seward came forward and addressed the crowd at length. He announced that there would be no draft, as there were plenty of volunteers going to the war, and argued to show that the preservation of the Union depended upon Lincoln's re-election.

The stump oration which the Secretary of State delivered to his fellow-citizens of Auburn, New York, on Saturday evening last, is an important pronunciamento. He opens the Presidential campaign with the announcement that the salvation of the Union depends upon the re-election of Mr. Lincoln, and that the war must continue until the rebels are forced to sue for peace. He intimates that slavery is no longer an issue of the war, and that the institution will not be interfered with after peace is declared.

He is severe on the radical abolitionists, and directly charges the delegates to the Chicago Convention, and the peace democrats generally, with being aiders and abettors of the rebellion and the supporters of Jefferson Davis. He also makes the welcome announcement that there will be no draft, as the Union armies are being reinforced by volunteers as fast as necessity requires.


The Vermont election — increased vote — large Republican majority.

The Vermont election was looked to with interest. The Herald had received only meagre returns. It says:

‘ The meagre returns of the Vermont election, which came to us last night by telegraph, indicate that the vote polled was larger than was ever before given, and that the Republican candidates have gained over the vote of last year.

’ The same two candidates ran for Governor at this election, and, as far as the result is known, the majority for the Republican ticket is even greater than it was last year. Vermont can, therefore, continue to claim what the radicals in that section consider a great honor — that she has never given a Democratic majority. The vote for Governor in the towns of Burlington and Rutland was as follows:

Smith, Rep.Red field, Den.
Burlington684328
Rutland740371

Returns from about one-seventh of the State foot up as follows:

This Year.Last Year.
Smith5,9354,654
Redfield1,9151,551
Republican majority3,9903,103

A corresponding Republican increase throughout the State will make Smith's majority nearly twenty-one thousand.

The three Republican candidates for the Thirty-ninth Congress are elected by increased majorities.

The vote of forty towns for representatives to the Legislature has been received, and they all return Republicans but two.

The State Senate will probably be without a Democrat.

It will be seen that the returns, as far as received, all show a small increase in the Democratic vote.


The Presidential campaign in New York — Demonstrations for M'Clellan and Pendleton.

The Herald says:

‘ There will be a grand demonstration of the people to-morrow night at Union Square for McClellan and Pendleton. Immense arrangements have been made by the committee. Among the speakers expected are Governor Seymour, Governor Parker, of New Jersey; Senator Bigler, and a host of prominent men from all parts of the Union.

’ Arrangements are being made by the Tammany Hall General Committee to carry out the resolution of the Chicago Convention in regard to a grand county ratification meeting for McClellan and Pendleton. The committee of arrangements will be selected this evening at Tammany Hall.


The military situation a simple one--Grant and Lee.

Under this heading the Herald proceeds to show that the rebels have but one army — that of General Lee. It says:

‘ The Confederacy has but one army left. Fifty general actions, skirmishes innumerable, and the hardships of three years of terrible warfare, have exhausted, have destroyed entirely, the ignorant but hardy population upon which the rebel leaders counted to overthrow the Government of the United States. All that is left of that population now is the rabble of Hood's last thirty thousand and the one army under Lee. Nearly a million armed men have, in the three years of its career, fought the battles of the great rebellion, and we have destroyed all but the last tenth of that immense power. Putting down the rebellion is now narrowed to the question of beating Lee's army. It must be apparent to every reasonable person that, with our present power, it cannot be very difficult to destroy that one army. Writers in Richmond may refuse to see this, and politicians in our Northern cities, blinded by party zeal, may refuse to examine the facts as they are; but no one disposed to use his eyes can deny that the Government which has reduced the immense power of the rebellion down to what is left of it can, by only originally exertion, finish the business for that crippled remnant.

’ With the military situation reduced to the simple issue in Virginia, we find that matters even there are in the position that we could desire. Lee cannot, apparently, spare an effective force to strike for the Weldon road, lest he should weaken his line at other vital points, and thus put himself even more completely within Grant's power. He is helpless, except for stolid resistance; there is no longer any offensive power in the Army of Northern Virginia; it stands at bay, the only one of all the rebel armies that seems disposed to make the last ditch a bloody one. It is with the Government to do the rest. Give Grant the requisite number of men, and let him go in and finish it, and put the Confederacy out of its misery. Our war policy is the simplest that a government ever had; it is simply sending men to Grant.


The capture of Atlanta.

We append a copy of Sherman's official report of the capture of Atlanta, which we were compelled to defer yesterday by the demand upon our available space:

War Department, September 4, 1864.
To Major-General Diz, New York:
General Sherman's official report of the capture of Atlanta has just been received by this department. It is dated twenty-six miles south of Atlanta, six o'clock yesterday morning, but was detained by the breaking of the telegraph lines, mentioned in my dispatch of last night.

"As already reported, the army withdrew from about Atlanta; and, on the 30th, had made a break of the West Point road, and reached a good position from which to strike the Macon road — the right (Howard) near Jonesboro', the left (Schofield) near Rough and Ready, and the centre (Thomas) at Couch's.

"Howard found the enemy in force at Jonesboro', and entrenched his troops — the sullent within half a mile of the railroad.

"The enemy attacked him at 3 P. M., but was easily repulsed, leaving his dead and wounded.

"Finding strong opposition on the road, I advanced the left and centre rapidly to the railroad, made a good lodgment, and broke it all the way from Rough and Ready down to Howard's left, near Jonesboro', and, by the same movement, I interposed my whole army between Atlanta and the part of the enemy entrenched in and around Jonesboro'.

"We made a general attack on the enemy at Jonesboro' on the first of September, the Fourteenth corps, General Jeff. C. Davis, carrying the works handsomely, with ten guns and about a thousand prisoners.

"In the night the enemy retreated South; and we have followed him to another of his hastily-constructed lines near Lovejoy's station.

"Hood, at Atlanta, finding me on his road,--the only one that could supply him, and between him and a considerable part of his army,--blew up his magazines in Atlanta and left in the night time, when the Twentieth corps, General Slocum, took possession of the place.

"So Atlanta is ours, and fairly won.

"Since the 5th of May we have been in one constant battle or skirmish, and need rest.

"Our losses will not exceed twelve hundred, and we have possession of over three hundred rebel dead, two hundred and fifty wounded, and over fifteen hundred well. W. T. Sherman, Major-General."

A later dispatch from General Slocum, dated at Atlanta last night (the 3d), at nine o'clock, states that the enemy destroyed seven locomotives and eighty-one cars loaded with ammunition, small arms and stores, and left fourteen pieces of artillery — most of them uninjured — and a large number of small arms.

Deserters are constantly coming into our lines.

Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War.

Lincoln's proclamation.

The Washington Chronicle of the 6th instant contains the following proclamation of Lincoln, ordering next Sunday to be observed as a day of thanksgiving for late successes at Atlanta and Mobile:

Executive Mansion, Washington, September 3, 1864.
The signal success that Divine Providence has recently vouchsafed to the operations of the United States fleet and army in the harbor of Mobile, and the reduction of Fort Powell, Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan, and the glorious achievements of the army under Major-General Sherman, in the State of Georgia, resulting in the capture of the city of Atlanta, call for devout acknowledgment to the Supreme Being, in whose hands are the destinies of nations.

It is, therefore, requested that on next Sunday, in all places of public worship in the United States, thanksgiving be offered to Him for His mercy in preserving our national existence against the insurgent rebels who so long have been waging a cruel war against the Government of the United States for its overthrow; and, also, that prayer be made for the Divine protection of our brave soldiers and their leaders in the field, who have so often and so gallantly perilled their lives in battling with the enemy, and for blessing and comfort from the Father of Mercies to the sick, wounded and prisoners, and to the orphans and widows of those who have fallen in the service of their country; and that He will continue to uphold the Government of the United States against all the efforts of public enemies and secret foes.


Thanks to the army and Navy for the Victory in Mobile bay.

Executive Mansion, September 3, 1864.
The national thanks are tendered by the President to Admiral Farragut and Major-General Canby, for the skill and harmony with which the recent operations in Mobile harbor and against Fort Powell, Fort Gaines, and Fort Morgan were planned and carried into execution. Also to Admiral Farragut and Major-General Granger, under whose immediate command they were conducted, and to the gallant commanders on sea and land, and to the sailors and soldiers engaged in the operations, for their energy and courage, which, under the blessing of Providence, have been crowned with brilliant success, and have won for them the applause and thanks of the nation.


Thanks to General Sherman and his army.

Executive Mansion, September 3, 1864.
The national thanks are tendered by the President to Major-General William T. Sherman, and the gallant officers and soldiers of his command before Atlanta, for the distinguished ability, courage and perseverance displayed in the campaign in Georgia, which, under Divine favor, has resulted in the capture of the city of Atlanta. The marches, battles, sieges and other military operations that have signalized this campaign, must render it famous in the annals of war, and entitle those who have participated therein to the applause and thanks of the nation.


Gold.

In financial reports of last Tuesday the Herald says:

‘ The gold market was less excited to-day than it has been for the past ten days. The opening quotation was 242, from which it dropped to 240½, and then recovered, closing at 241 ½.

’ In foreign exchange there is some little activity in preparation for to-morrow's steamer. Bankers ask 109@109½ in gold for sterling, and franc are quoted at from 5.13 ½ to 5.15 for sight bills.

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