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The fighting in Texas.

The Yankee papers contain some additional particulars of the new state of affairs that has arisen in Texas. Cortinas, however, it now appears, has not occupied Brownsville nor raised the Union flag there. A letter in the New York Herald, written from Brasos Santiago on the 13th ultimo, says:

‘ It is true, however, that the rebels evacuated the town on the 6th instant, but returned after discovering that neither Mexican nor Union force occupied it. From what I can now learn two bodies of Mexican troops, however, crossed the Rio Grande into Texas, but not in sufficient force to attack the rebel Ford, as was at first intended. They have surrendered to our forces under Major E. Noyes, of the First Texas cavalry. The following are the particulars:

’ Information having been received by Colonel Day that a body of Mexican troops were at Palmetto Ranche, some eight or ten miles from here, Major Noyes was ordered to proceed there on the morning of the 8th and demand their unconditional surrender to the Government of the United States.

On arriving there, however, no Mexicans were found; but Major Noyes was informed that a force of about two hundred and fifty, with infantry, cavalry and artillery, were at Palo Alto, some eight or ten miles further. Proceeding to that point, Major Noyes met the Mexican force two miles from Palo Alto. It was composed of two hundred and ten infantry, forty cavalry and one piece of artillery (a six-pound rifled gun), the latter in charge of six artillerists.

Major Neyes demanded of the Mexican commander a surrender of the entire force, with their arms and accoutrements, in the name of the United States. This was cheerfully acceded to.

Learning that another Mexican force, of about one hundred men, with two pieces of artillery, were hourly expected to cross the Rio Grande, also for the purpose of surrendering to our troops, Major Noyes warted their arrival, and about noon the following day they succeeded in crossing, and, without a murmur, acceded to the demand of Major Noyes and surrendered men and material without hesitation.

About 3 o'clock P. M. of the same day a body of troops from the direction of Brownsville were discovered advancing towards them in line of battle.--They proved to be the rebels, under Colonel Ford, and, as he outnumbered our little force more than five to one (Major Noyes having only a Union force of one hundred and twenty-five men), the Mexicans were called on to resume their arms for their own protection, and preparations were made to receive the advancing rebels. In the meantime our pickets were driven in by the latter. Two lines of skirmishers, under command of Captains Sampson and Temple, ware deployed, and by them the advance of the rebels was checked, and after a lively skirmish the latter fell back under cover of the woods.

Major Noyes having now made every preparation for resisting an attack, recalled his skirmishers and formed in line of battle, with the Mexicans in the centre, Captain Sampson's company on the right and Captain Temple's on the left. The rebels advanced and made several attempts to outflank Major Noyes, but each time were checkmated, the artillery and musketry keeping up an incessant fire during the whole time.

The enemy now determined, if possible, to capture the artillery and compel a surrender by making a charge and compelling our force to fall back to the river, hoping to succeed by superior numbers; but again and again they were repulsed, and finally compelled to fall back with considerable loss.

Our position was held the whole of the following day, although the ammunition was becoming very short; but during the night Major Noyes received a fresh supply, and on the following morning he assumed the offensive and drove the enemy three miles. Orders were then received to return to Brato Santiago.

The engagement took place near Palo Alto.

It is said that the Mexicans were without rations for three days previous to Major Noyes's arrival and their surrender to the United States.

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