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A people of Extremes.

It is not ten years since the Know-Nothing organizations of the North swept that whole section with irresistible power. Never did a party arise, not even Abolitionist, which was so natural and genuine a product of the Puritan character. Its Pharisaic, assumption of superior holiness, thanking God that it was not as other men; its traditional hatred of the Roman Catholic religion; its enormous secretiveness found in the Know-Nothing lodges outward and visible signs of its inward nature. It never had any original and inherent antagonism to slavery, for its founders and forefathers were the greatest slaved colors of the world. But it was begotten and born of a Pharisaical spirit and rocked in the cradle of religious bigotry. The whole race has always considered itself a peculiar people — the chosen people, the elect of Heaven,--and all others, uncircumcised whom it was a religious duty to parse and destroy. Even apart from religion, the descendants

of the Pilgrim looked upon all other pilgrims with great contempt and scorn. Neither the Chinese nor the Japanese regarded with greater selcomplacency the rest of the world as outside barbarians. The difference of customs, of habits of life, of dress, even of accent, were objects of aversion and ridicule. It was not conceived that these outlandish foreigners had a common humanity with themselves, or were fit to be anything but hewers of wood and drawers of water to the most enlightened and virtuous people of the world. Hence Know-Nothingism chimed in with all their instincts — social, political and religious. The mask which hid its ferocious lineaments has since dropped off, and the world beheld the old face of Puritanism in all its and savage colors. It sought to despoil all foreign-born men of the rights and insignia of freemen; to degrade them; to make them virtually slaves; to prevent any more of them from coming to America.--It designed to reduce to a similar condition all the members, native as well as foreign, of the Roman Catholic Church; for its religious hatred is even more relentless than its political. If it had not been checked in mid-carcer by the South, it would have accomplished all this and more. It would have lighted again the flames of the stake and re-enacted the atrocities of the days of Cromwell. No one can doubt this who has witnessed the savage ferocity of Puritanism towards the South in this war. If it can commit such crimes against its own race, and Protestants; if it can hang, like dogs, grey haired and exemplary members of Episcopal and Presbyterian churches, like Dr. Wright, of Norfolk, and David Creigh, of Greenbrier, what would it not have done if let loose upon the trail of "pagan Papists?"

And now behold the contrast! Not a decade has past, and the foreigners whom it was frantic to worry and the devour have become the objects of its special idolatry. Whereas it once looked upon the salvation of the country as involved in keeping them from coming here, it is now ransacking the continent of Europe and the isles of the sea to bring them to America. Instead of not being permitted to exercise the rights of American freemen, they are not only to have those rights, but the right of keeping thousands of native-born men from having them, and a fine farm besides. The Yankee nation once the most exclusive, has now become the most cosmopolitan of nations; once the most bigoted, it now throws the broad mantle of predestination over all the races and religions of the earth. The sweet Irish brogue is music to its ears, and the smell of saur-kraut as fragrant as the native cod. Even the long, sharp talons with which it sought to rend the accursed children of the "Mother of Abominations" have disappeared beneath a velvet glove, and are only used in tearing out the hearts of Protestant rebels. It desecrates and destroys Protestant churches, and leaves Catholic churches, in the same neighborhood, untouched. It is wonderful that his Holiness, "the Man of Sin," is not touched by such evidences of contrition and repentance; that he does not hasten to embrace these returning prodigals; that he does not give the Apostolical Benediction to those Boston convent-destroyers and Philadelphia church-burners who are now on their marrow-bones crying Peccavi, and singing the Miserere. One would think, from his unimpassioned demeanor, and his exhortations to peace and quietness, that he doubts the sincerity of the new converts, or does not appreciate the value of their friendship to the Holy Mother Church.

It is not difficult to foresee that another change, quite as extreme and violent as the last, will be exhibited by the Puritans in due time towards their foreign tools and mercenaries. The wonder is that the foreigners can be so easily duped. If they are made to pay a bitter penalty for their folly, it cannot be expected that this people, whom they are employed to butcher and desolate, shall break our hearts over their fate. This country of ours, which they are seeking to turn into a desert, was the only bulwark that saved their race in America from annihilation. Our sons and brothers, whose blood they are shedding upon our own soil, were the men whose votes saved them from the degradation and slavery to which they were doomed by the people whose battles they now fight. If, therefore, they will come here to die the death of dogs, and to cover our fields and ditches with their putrefying carcasses, they have only their own stupidity to blame. They need expect nothing from the hands of their Puritan taskmasters. Do they expect that a people who are smart enough to make them forget that ten years ago they sought their destruction, and induce them to cross the wide ocean to do their fighting for them against the only friends they ever had here, are going to give farms to those who are fools enough to be so deceived? The only farms the Yankees expect them to get are a piece of ground six by two; and they could have got at least that at home. Those of them who survive the war will discover, if the invasion is successful, that when spoils are to be divided, Jonathan employs no substitutes. If unsuccessful, as in all human probability it will be, Puritan intolerance, which must always have a victim, will gratify its original and most powerful instincts by the revival of Know-Nothingism without concealment and without check. The increased numbers of foreigners will only render them greater objects of distrust and aversion, and they will be brought into competition for the very means of life with hordes of negroes liberated by the war, whom the Yankees consider a higher type of man than themselves. It will be the crowning feature of their misery that they can claim no human sympathy, and are the architects of their own ruin.

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