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The latest from Georgia.

The latest Georgia papers received give us some intelligence of the movements of the enemy on Augusta and Macon. The reports that he was advancing in two columns is confirmed. Of the column going towards Macon, the Intelligencer of the 18th says:

The latest reliable intelligence from the front in Georgia we have received from a gentleman who left Griffin last night (Wednesday) at 10 o'clock. General Wheeler fought the enemy — who was advancing with a force estimated at from twenty-five to thirty thousand, in two columns: one on the McDonough and the other on the Jonesboro' road — at Bear creek, ten miles above Griffin, until late in the evening, when he fell back to Griffin, and was passing through that city, on its right, when our informant left. Our infantry forces were falling back to Barnesville. It is probable, at the time we write, that Sherman occupies Griffin, and will rapidly demonstrate upon this city, and perhaps Milledgeville. It is reported that Sherman has applied the torch to a large portion of Atlanta and has burnt Jonesboro' and McDonough. It is also reported that he has destroyed the railroad from Atlanta to the Chattahoochee and burnt the bridge at the river on that road. The foregoing we deem to be reliable information, and it is all we have at the time we write.

We learn from a reliable source that Governor Brown's residence, in Canton, Cherokee county, embracing his commodious dwelling-house, kitchen, out-houses, etc., together with his office building, were all burnt to the ground by the vandal foe a few days ago. The officer in command of the vandals who were sent to execute the work they so ruthlessly and successfully performed, allowed the family, who were living on the premises at the time, only fifteen minutes to remove the furniture from the house, and all that was not removed within that time was devoured by the flames.

The same party burnt the court-house, jail, academy, both the hotels, and about two-thirds of the best dwelling and business houses in Canton.

A force of some three or four thousand of the vandals were within a mile or two of the town, while some seventy of the band were sent into the town, under an officer, with orders to burn the house of Governor Brown, the public buildings, and the houses of all who have been prominent Southern men.

General Cobb had issued an order calling upon all the citizens of Macon to come out and take their places in the trenches. The Intelligencer of the 18th says:

‘ A gentleman who left Forsyth, ten miles from Macon, yesterday at three o'clock, informs us that a conner arrived half an hour before he left, and reported that there was some Yankee cavalry eight miles north of the town. All the bridges on from Forsyth Indian Springs were burned by our forces.

Rumors and Speculations from the Augusta papers.

The Augusta Chronicle of the 18th says:

‘ The general belief is, that Sherman was yesterday, with part of his army, at Jonesboro' and McDonough, and part near Covington; that he had burned Rome, Marietta, Atlanta, the bridge over the Chattahoochee, and was tearing up the railroad behind him.

Our careful and thoughtful opinion of this whole matter is, that if General Sherman is advancing with even 30,000 men, his ammunition and provision train, to put it at the lowest calculation, will so encumber him that a force of 10,000 determined men can, before the army advances one hundred miles, make it a retreating and disorganized one. He cannot have in his train, for ammunition alone, less than three hundred wagons, and at least three hundred more for daily forage and provisions, allowing his men to carry all they eat. With this train he must, at all events, move slowly and very carefully. In the meantime, our troops, scattered everywhere, can be collected. South Carolina, who is threatened if anything is threatened, can send forward her reserves; Florida has troops to spare, and, joining with our twelve or fourteen thousand troops between Macon and the advancing enemy, will make a force able to meet him in the neighborhood of the last named city, or somewhere on the Oconee river.

It is desperation on the part of Sherman; and a desperate man is always readily overcome by calm and determined action.

We say, look at the situation without nervousness or alarm — pray to God, but keep your powder dry — make everything ready for the storm, and meet it like men, if it comes. It is always darkest just before day.

’ The Augusta Constitutionalist has the following:

Nothing is definitely known as yet in regard to Sherman's movements, although it is quite certain that he has moved in some direction.

It was rumored on our streets Thursday that he had commenced a march towards Montgomery. --Another rumor states he was moving towards Columbus, and that three corps of his army were already at Jonesboro'. Another rumor says he is marching on Macon.

Whether he intends to advance on either of these places at present, we cannot say. A little fact, however, stated to us, confirms us in the opinion that a movement of some kind has been made. A railroad agent in this city received a telegraphic dispatch from Macon to allow no cars of the road he acted for to come in that direction.

The latest rumors.

The latest rumors brought by passengers from Macon report Sherman advancing on that city at the head of five corps. He had burned Rome, Marietta and Atlanta, and occupied Jonesboro' on Wednesday.

It is further reported on the streets that all the box-cars in this city-have been ordered to Macon to bring off the commissary stores.

It is reported that our State forces engaged the enemy near Jonesboro'. Result unknown.

It is also rumored that Sherman, before he left Atlanta, destroyed several bridges on the Western and Atlantic railroad; and that he is also devastating the country as he advances, laying waste and burning everything.

Another paper says:

‘ We have the best authority for stating that Governor Brown has received dispatches from Generals Cobb and Wheeler, stating that Sherman had burned Rome and Marietta, destroying the railroad behind him, and, with five army corps, was marching towards Macon. Wheeler's cavalry, at last accounts, had been driven in at Jonesboro' and the place occupied by Sherman's army. We give these facts not to alarm the public, but rather to prepare them for any emergency. It is thought that Sherman's march will be in the direction of Savannah. Possibly this may be mere rumor, but think the public entitled to know exactly what is bruited abroad.

Reports from General Hood's army.

The Montgomery Mail publishes the annexed letter, dated Tuscumbia, Alabama, November 6:

‘ We are kept so much in the dark in regard to army movements that we know nothing of them until it is too late to be called news. I hardly know what to think of the prospect of going to Middle Tennessee. Sometimes it looks quite flattering, and then again becomes gloomy.

Large quantities of "hard tack" and bacon are being brought to Tuscumbia; the transportation, already quite limited, being again reduced — the usual precursor to a move.

Sherman was on yesterday reported, with his forces, lying between Decatur and Huntsville. Today I was told that he was moving in the direction of Pulaski.

Well, let him move. We can move him back through Middle Tennessee as we did out of Georgia.

’ The West Point Bulletin of November 16th contains the annexed:

‘ A gentleman direct from the scene tells us that the Yankees have burnt Rome and are moving some way. He says the town has been literally reduced to ashes, and evidently some programme of future movements was about to be inaugurated.

’ The Montgomery Appeal publishes the following about Hood's army:

‘ Civilians are not permitted to travel on the Mobile and Ohio railroad north of Meridian, which is the railroad route to the vicinity of the army, when

its location was last reported. Thus far, General Hood has succeeded in mystifying both friend and foe; and as he can very easily direct the conduct of his military superintendent of telegraph so as to prevent the transmission of intelligence, we may expect to remain befogged until such time as he desires the public to become posted. We must exercise patience.

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