We have received New York papers of Monday, the 21st instant.
Sherman's army is very meagre.--A Washington speculative dispatch of the 20th thinks Sherman has gone to Milledgeville to give the Georgia Legislature an opportunity of "freely expressing its opinion." A telegram from Buffalo, New York, says: ‘ Brigadier-General Barry, Sherman's chief of artillery, arrived here yesterday, seriously ill. He left General Sherman at Kingston, Georgia, at 9 A. M. on the 12th. General Barry says that Sherman has all the infantry, cavalry and artillery he wants.--The men had received eight months pay, and outfit especially adapted to a hard and rapid winter's campaign; and the morale of the troops was unequalled, giving promise of efficiency and vigor. General Sherman, he says, will carry his army triumphantly through the work before it. ’ On Monday night last, Hood's entire forces, including Forrest's cavalry, were in the immediate neighborhood of Tuscumbia and Florence, Alabama, watched by the troops under General Thomas, of such strength as will render the invasion of Tennessee impossible, and even the withdrawal of the enemy, for service elsewhere, an operation of extreme difficulty. Cincinnati, November 20.--The Gazette's Memphis dispatch says that military affairs are unchanged and comparatively quiet. The rain continues and the roads are in bad condition. Hood and Beauregard are still in the vicinity of Florence. Nine hundred rebel prisoners arrived at Nashville on Saturday morning from Atlanta. It appears that, thinking the place evacuated, they rushed in to pillage and plunder, and were captured. The rebel sympathizers at Nashville are gloomy and disconsolate in consequence of the anticipated result of Sherman's movements. Accessions to the National arms are arriving daily from the North. The Nashville correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial accepts the fact that Savannah is Sherman's objective point, and says: ‘ This march through Georgia will develop a new principle in our warfare. The enemy have drawn much comfort from the conclusion that, because our lines of communication were already so far extended, a large army could not be supplied any further in the interior. But this bold cutting loose from all lines to the rear, this marching forth without any of the long trains that always encumber an army and hamper its progress, this bold trust in the country to give up its stores of food, dispel all those assurances of safety, and demonstrate that even the remotest corners of the Confederacy are open to our conquering armies. This proof of vulnerability may open a new light upon the uncompromising, because, supposed to be safe, people may persuade even these "last-ditch" men that there is no hope for them, that extermination is only a question of time, and not of possibility. ’ Those who have fled from the avenging hosts of freedom, from far off Kentucky and Tennessee, and who have settled themselves down to quiet on the shores of the Atlantic, will find that even there the starry banner is to come, borne aloft by the same hands who planted it on the ramparts of Donelson, or high above the clouds on Lookout, or within the massive earthworks about Atlanta. Savannah is not as capable of defence as most other cities of the South. It is situated on a broad, level plane, and its defences at present are very imperfect. The city is on the Savannah river, eighteen miles from Fort Pulaski, which was built to guard the entrance to the river. This fort has long since been in our possession. The river, above the fort and below the city, has been thoroughly obstructed. Even should the forces that can be concentrated there be able to offer protracted resistance to General Sherman, his supplies could be landed at any point between the fort and obstructions, and the army be fed. Before crossing the Okmulgee, and a little to the right, is Milledgeville, where Governor Brown presides. Controlling, as he does, the railroad interests of the State, and after ten years of gubernatorial duties, he feels firm in his seat of power; and with his peculiar doctrine of State sovereignty, lately promulgated, feels, in truth, more like a monarch. His correspondence with General Sherman may induce the latter to visit that city. But these speculations, however plausible, will scarcely be read before the real nature of the movement will have developed itself. That the country has reason to expect great results from this movement is true; but that they may not expect too much, and, as a result, be disappointed when they should rejoice, it would be well to caution them. The object of the move is undoubtedly to force the war into the narrow area of the Atlantic States.--General Sherman's proposed campaign in the direction of the present march promised to be thwarted by Hood's movement to the North; and such, undoubtedly, was the hope of Jeff. Davis. A correspondent of the same paper, writing from Rome, Georgia, on the 12th, says: ‘ Yesterday afternoon the destruction of such buildings and property as might be of value to the rebels was commenced--General Corse, whose command was stationed at Rome, superintending the destruction, which was confined almost entirely to property of the rebel Government. ’ The buildings destroyed were the rolling mills, "Government shops," stables and warehouses.--But few private houses were burned, and these were fired accidentally, the fire communicating from the burning buildings near. The soldiers seemed to make every effort to save private property. A correspondent of the New York Times gives the following account of the preparations of Sherman and the departure of his army on the expedition: ‘ Here, at Kingston, preparations were immediately made for the coming campaign. The first information I received concerning the movements about to be developed confused me. I learned one day that orders had been issued to the Twentieth corps, which had been left at Atlanta, to cease work upon the fortifications. The lady who has the permit for shipping all sutlers' goods required in the army was advised that her stores must be removed by the 10th instant, as Atlanta was to be evacuated and destroyed. Upon the same day I learned (what was a fact) that orders had been issued to the chief commissary of the army to send to Atlanta, with all possible haste, thirty days rations for sixty thousand men. These items of information put me in a quandary.--The idea of sending two millions of rations to a city that was to be destroyed, non plussed me, and I immediately sought to solve the enigmatical reports, and found that their character was not so antipodal as they seemed. I ascertained, what I have kept quiet until the "cat jumped," and now purpose to tell you, that the expedition, composed of the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Sixteenth, Seventeenth and Twentieth corps, and Kilpatrick's cavalry, is on its way. ’ The expedition commenced its march upon the evening of the 12th instant, with a division of Kilpatrick's cavalry, under General McCook, and the advance warns, General Slocum, in advance. This Macon, and to be found slowly in the direction of General Jeff. C. Davis. The Army Fourteenth corps, General Howard, composed of the Fifteenth corps, General Logan; Sixteenth, General Smith; and Seventeenth, General Frank Blair; left Kingston three days before for Atlanta, tearing up the railroad as it went along. On the 11th, the Etowah bridge was destroyed, and from thence to the Chattahoochee river the work of destruction was complete. Almost the entire railroad track was removed, and the rails twisted up and otherwise injured; all the important storehouses and depots were burned, and the culverts and masonry blown up. The immense structure which spans the Chattahoochee was burned and the foundations blown up. Everything was in readiness at Atlanta to make good the destruction of that town upon the arrival of the Army of the Tennessee, and, in all probability, the Gate City, so long the fountain-head of the South for the production of munitions of war, was sent reeling to ruin on the 14th instant. The torch was to be applied to all public buildings, manufactories and storehouses, and everything liable to be transferred to rebel use which would not burn was to be blown up, including the railroad buildings and other railway accompaniments in the centre of the city. The Army of the Tennessee was then to resume its march, and will, no doubt, make a junction with the advance in a few days. While this work of destruction was being performed, a detachment of men operated in like manner toward Chattanooga, and will, no doubt, burn the bridge over the Costanaula, at Resaca, and fall back and fortify near the junction of the Knoxville branch, south of Dalton. I do not know the entire programme to be carried out by General Sherman, neither do I know positively his destination. The latter may depend somewhat on circumstances.--After touching at Macon, I think he will go northeast. Andersonville is only a short distance south of Macon; but, if the rebels succeed in removing our prisoners from that point, as they probably will, a visit in that direction would be of no earthly account. The Washington correspondent of the Times telegraphs that Sherman has 50,000 infantry and 9,000 cavalry, and gives the following outline of his expedition. After arriving at Macon he will probably go to Milledgeville, where he will divide his army, sending a part of it to Savannah and a part to Augusta. He will fortify the latter place, and after receiving supplies up the Savannah river, he will be able to move on Columbia or Charleston. The programme, if carried out successfully, completely demolishes the railroad system of the State of Georgia. The Western and Atlantic, running from Chattanooga to Atlanta, one hundred and thirty-eight miles, is almost totally destroyed. It will take a year to rebuild it, with no inconvenience in obtaining iron.--The Georgia railroad, (a State institution, as is also the Western and Atlantic, and to which the Confederacy is indebted many millions of dollars,) running from Atlanta to Augusta, one hundred and seventy-one miles, is destroyed from Atlanta to Covington, forty-one miles. The occupation of Augusta will add to its destruction. The Macon and Western railroad, running from Atlanta to Macon, one hundred and three miles, is entirely destroyed. The Georgia Central railroad, running from Macon to Savannah, is one hundred and ninety-one miles, and this will no doubt receive Sherman's attention in a few days. From Augusta to Charleston is one hundred and thirty-seven miles. From Augusta to Columbia, South Carolina, it is one hundred and forty-one by rail. Mostly all the manufactories for shot, shell, fixed ammunition and cannon are at Macon, Augusta and Columbia. Half the power the rebels use is made near Augusta. If Beauregard attempts to intercept Sherman, or follow him, he must send his entire army, with all its paraphernalia, by rail from Corinth to Meridian. It must then march from Meridian to Montgomery, a distance of about two hundred miles, with only a short piece of railroad, with no means of transportation, running from Uniontown to Selma. By the time Beauregard reaches Macon, Sherman would be out of his reach. Thomas is watching G. P. T. B., and is being heavily reinforced (with new troops). In a week from now Thomas's army will have fifty-five thousand men, beside A. J. Smith, who is co-operating with an army of observation. The Cincinnati Times, on the question of subsistence, says: ‘ Sherman has been chiefly occupying his time in laying in a full supply of hard bread and beef cattle; and he has with him, of the former, sixty days full rations and several thousand head of the cattle.--For all things else he will depend on the country over which he is to pass. His animals can subsist well. Corn and sweet potatoes are abundant. During the week ending on the 5th instant, he gathered in one thousand seven hundred and sixty wagon-loads of corn, four hundred and thirty-six loads of sweet potatoes, and a few horses, without sending his foraging parties more than thirty miles from Atlanta. He could manage to live for six months without communication once with the North. In reference to his cavalry, he feels certain of his ability to obtain horses enough to keep good his original stock; and perhaps he may be enabled to mount some more men. ’