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We have received the Washington Chronicle of Sunday.


The Siege of Nashville — the heavy
Losses of the Yankees at Franklin.

There is very little change in the position of affairs at Nashville. The weather was bad and the ground too slippery to move about much on the 10th. The Confederates were plainly visible standing about their camp-fires. A telegram of the 10th says:

‘ The rebel General Cheatham, whose headquarters were at the residence of Mrs. A. V. Brown, was shelled out from there yesterday by our batteries. The house is reported destroyed.

’ On Sunday last, a small party of Confederates, about fifty in number, succeeded in crossing the Cumberland river, on this side of the shoals, and three of the number were captured and brought in yesterday. They claim that the whole party deserted the rebel lines, and were making their way home. One prisoner was captured yesterday and four deserters came in. The latter report Hood as being about to make a movement of some sort.

General Cooper's brigade, on the march from Johnsonville to Clarksville, were terribly harassed by guerrillas. Sixteen men of the One Hundred and Thirtieth Indiana were captured, and thirteen killed and wounded.

Hostilities may be said to have ceased on account of the weather. Deserters who have come in say the rebels have strong entrenchments, with wires stretched around them.

Colonel Lewis Johnson, instead of Colonel G. M. S. Johnson, commanding Forty-fourth colored infantry, has received from the general commanding the highest praise for the manner in which he fought his troops at Mill Creek Station No. 2, having gallantly kept the enemy at bay for sixteen hours, and finally fought his way out, and reached Nashville with a loss of one hundred and fifteen, killed and wounded.

No report from the gunboat which went down the river yesterday morning has reached here.

The Yankees claimed, in the battle of Franklin, to have lost only five hundred men. The truth has at last come out in the following dispatch from Nashville:

The Federal loss in the battle at Franklin is ascertained by official reports to be greater than at first supposed. In the Second division of the Twenty-third corps the loss was 34 officers and 588 men killed, wounded and missing; in the Second division of the Fourth corps, 49 officers and 1,191 men, and in the Third division of the Fourth corps, 27 officers and 276 men.

A large proportion of slightly wounded are in the hospital here. The loss to residents living near the lines of the two armies is estimated at over half a million dollars.


Around Petersburg.

The force which went to Bellfield is reported by letter-writers from Grant's army to have been the Fifth corps, Third division of the Second, and two brigades of Gregg's cavalry. It will be the same old story about the "object of the expedition (getting whipped?) being accomplished, it returned":

They were heard from yesterday afternoon, and had crossed the Nottoway river, on the Jerusalem road, without meeting opposition of any consequence. They crossed on pontoons, which they took up after doing so.

Deserters who came in this morning state that Mahone's division was sent off yesterday morning to meet them, but as no firing in that direction has been heard to-day, it is not believed that any engagement has taken place.

A reconnoitring force of cavalry went out on the left yesterday afternoon, and, striking the rebel pickets on the Vaughan road, drive them to Hatcher's run, a distance of over two miles, where they had breastworks created, and where they made a stand. Skirmishing continued for some time, when, the object of the movement having been accomplished, the expedition returned. Our loss was seven men wounded; that of the enemy is not known.

Some of those who accompanied this party report that firing was heard in the direction of Stony creek, which would indicate that fighting was going on between General Warren and the enemy.

Reports are current that an early evacuation of Petersburg may be looked for; but very little attention is paid to these rumors.


From Mississippi.

A dispatch from Vicksburg, of the 4th instant, says:

Major-General Dana, by a successful expedition from Vicksburg, destroyed the Mississippi Central railroad for thirty miles above Big Black crossing, including the long bridge at that place, where the enemy were found in force; but the work was effectually done. The troops returned to Vicksburg with a loss of five killed and forty-one wounded and missing.

’ Twenty-five hundred bales of Confederate cotton and about $300,000 worth of other property was destroyed.


The Real object of Sherman's invasion — a Yankee view of it.

The New York Times announces that it is not of those who expect vast advantages from Sherman's advance through Georgia, "viewed merely as a raid," and it goes on to give what, in its view, does constitute the advantages which are to arise from it:

Georgia is undoubtedly the granary of the Confederacy, and to destroy its harvests will cripple Lee's army this winter. The carrying off of cattle and horses will, beside, lame the transporting power of the rebel Confederacy. All these are benefits of some importance which we shall derive from Sherman's invasion.

But, on the other hand, the Confederacy is essentially an agricultural State. Vast breadths of land in South Carolina, Eastern Georgia and North Carolina, formerly planted with cotton, have been, during the last year, sown with wheat and corn. It will be exceedingly difficult to starve out such a community.

Again, a destructive invasion of this kind creates a vast number of new enemies. Every man robbed and stripped by the tempest of destruction now sweeping through Georgia is henceforth a hundred fold more bitter hater of the North and the Union than ever before. All doubtful and lukewarm Southerners in that State have undoubtedly become now intense secessionists. It is just as it would be here if Lee should sweep the banks of the Hudson in a broad track of desolation from Albany to New York, leaving nothing but blackened homesteads and wasted farms. There would be but one effect. Every Copperhead would become at once a violent Unionist, even perhaps a "black abolitionist." Patriotism, hatred of the invader, would be ten fold more strong; for there is a certain limit, beyond which, if you injure a man, nothing is left but hate and despair. Every raid into South or North has a tendency, without question, to "encourage enlistments" on the other side. Still, these are the necessary evils of war. It solidifies each side. A people like the Anglo-American could never be reduced to submission by burning their barns or plundering their houses.

The sole and the grand importance of the invasion of Sherman we hold to be its military aim. The cities on his line of march are of no consequence to him unless he can destroy their depots of supplies and their arsenals. Savannah itself is of little importance, in a military point of view. The great ends gained by his bold movement will be the bisection of the great Southern railroad system, the large force of able-bodied negroes he may acquire, both for further military and pioneer purposes, and, above all, the influence he will at once exert on the Virginia campaign. General Sherman, we may be sure, with his long head, is aiming at something more than burning towns, grain, corn-cribs, or capturing useless cities. He is beside, only a lieutenant of General Grant; his movement is merely part of the great strategic part which covers the whole county.

Having gained a new base on the Georgia coast, reprovision his trains, renewed his ammunition and rested his men, we may confidently expect that his next movement will be northward. He may even pass by Savannah and Charleston both, make a new base at Bull's bay, and a secondary base at Branchville, and then easily hold both lines of the rebel railroad system — the upper and lower. From this point he could easily operate toward North Carolina, sweeping the country before him, until he had formed a new base on the North Carolina coast and begun his grand final march into Virginia and the rear of Lee.

This would be the closing rebellion, and Lee would be even a worse position than was Cornwallis at Yorktown.

One contretemps, however, might occur, which these supposed movements could not prevent. If Hood should break through into East Tennessee, there would be a new link of communication Bound between the eastern and western sections of the Confederacy. Lee could be reinforced from the West, or he could retreat to the mountains, and transfer the war to Tennessee and Kentucky. We must hope that General Thomas will put a stop to any such concentration, and that that important mountain region will still be held by our forces.


Miscellaneous.

A heavy snow storm prevailed on Saturday from Baltimore to Portland, Maine.

On Friday, in the "Virginia Legislature," in session at Alexandria, Joseph Segar, of Elizabeth City county, was declared elected United States Senator, in place of Hon. L. J. Bowden, deceased.

Gold closed in New York on Saturday night at 234.

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