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From the Charleston papers of the 17th we take the following intelligence about the fall and position of Fort McAllister. The Courier says: ‘ "The fort was carried by assault at 3 o'clock on Tuesday morning, the 13th instant, by the portion of Sherman's forces sent to tap the Albany and Gulf railroad. We have no particulars or details of the capture. The officer in command of the fort was Colonel E. C. Anderson, of Savannah. The main body of Sherman's army, it is believed, still threaten Savannah. The capture of Fort McAllister, at the mouth of the Ogeechee, will enable the enemy to co-operate with the fleet in any attack on the city. No further news from there had been received up to a late hour last evening. All was quiet on the line of the Savannah railroad. "The fall of this fort, though it puts the enemy's land forces in co-operation with their fleet, does not necessarily involve the loss of the city. Fort McAllister is about twenty miles from Savannah; and beyond that, the land operations of the enemy will be checked by three formidable lines of earthworks; and his gunboats cannot operate in the Savannah river before Thunderbolt battery and Costin's Bluff are taken. These are works of no pretensions, and are able to withstand a heavy attack.--There will yet be a bloody battle before the city falls. If Sherman is bent upon holding it, he will have to go it over the bloody corpses of thousands of his own men." ’ The Mercury of yesterday morning says: ‘ "Wheeler's cavalry is at Hardeeville. The enemy has constructed two batteries within range of the railroad, near Coosawatchie, and continues to shell every passing train." ’ The Courier says: ‘ "The flag-of-truce boat brought up, Thursday, one hundred and four paroled Confederate officers from Fort Pulaski. The Yankee officers in the fleet reported rived at Hilton Head; also, that it was rumored that Savannah was to capitulate at 12 M., Thursday. They had learned of the fall of Fort McAllister, but could give no particulars. Another thousand Yankee prisoners will be taken down this morning. This completes the exchange, and makes the number thus far turned over, by Colonel Hatch, eleven thousand." ’
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