We have received, through the courtesy of the officers of the Exchange Bureau, a copy of the New York Tribune of Saturday, the 7th instant. Gold was quoted at 227 3-4.
Summary of the News.The Tribune gives the following in its summary of the news: ‘ The guerrillas who infest the banks of the river Potomac have become very troublesome of late, and hardly a night passes without their firing upon our pickets or making an attempt to cross the river. On Wednesday night, a party of rebels, numbering fifteen, crossed the Potomac on a raft, in the vicinity of Poolesville. They managed to get some eight miles from the river before they were discovered. They were pursued, overhauled, and ten of them taken prisoners. ’ The steamer California, from Hilton Head, arrived at Fortress Monroe yesterday, with Colonel Ewing bearer of dispatches from General Sherman. The army was resting and preparing for an other great campaign. Kilpatrick was actively watching Hardee's movements. A notorious guerrilla captain, named White, was killed recently at Sharpsburg, Kentucky, in an attack upon the Twenty-first United States colored regiment. The committee of the Chamber of Commerce, in relief for the people of Savannah, had a meeting yesterday.--There was a general willingness to raise contributions for the Union people or others actually in need; but at the same time the most outspoken expression, by all those joining in debate, that the rebels, as such, must be brought back, and their so-called Government be obliterated by force of arms. In order to give direction to the main business, a sub committee of five was appointed to report, at a subsequent meeting, what course should be taken to carry out, in the most practical and efficient manner, the recommendations to furnish supplies to the suffering Unionists of the city of Savannah.
The "New direction" for Thomas.The New York Tribune now states positively that Hood is safe over the Tennessee. A Nashville correspondent says of the new base of Thomas: ‘ Tennessee is now perfectly safe; no future attempts will be made by the rebels to occupy and hold it. Therefore, a new base of supplies will be found.--The line of railroad from Nashville, south, is very long, and hence requires the detachment of a great number of troops to guard it, and from this point north, the Louisville railroad is often cut, and the Cumberland river is only navigable in winter. I believe, though, that Nashville will soon cease to be of much importance as a military centre. A strong guard will be left here, and the base of supplies will be changed to Florence. Of this, I have no doubt. ’ The Tennessee is navigable for small boats from Chattanooga to its mouth at all seasons, and for large ones from Florence to its mouth in high water, the only exception being between Decatur and Bainbridge, over the muscle shoals. Around these there is a railroad only forty- five miles in length, and this could be kept open with comparatively few men. About the shoals there are numerous boats which run to Chattanooga, and there are also several small gunboats to keep the river open. We shall then have the advantage of a water base and a river line of defence. I have often wondered that this has not been before adjusted; but I feel certain that it will now be employed as a base. With an efficient cavalry force, properly supported by infantry and light artillery, Selma and Montgomery will speedily fall into our hands. Those towns would be no further from Florence than Nashville is from Louisville; and Louisville was our base in 1861 and 1862; and Florence is to-day more securely ours than Louisville was then.
Message of the Governor of Massachusetts.A telegraphic synopsis of the message of Governor Andrews of Massachusetts, is given: ‘ Massachusetts has sent more men into the service than are now to be found in the State between the ages of eighteen and forty-five, and twenty thousand more men than are now in the State liable to do military duty. ’ The number of colored troops credited to Massachusetts during the war, including the Fifty- fourth and Fifty-fifth infantry and Fifth cavalry and their recruits, is only four thousand seven hundred and thirty-one. The message recommends the abolishment of the penalty of death, and an important change in the law of marriage and divorce. He also recommends the Legislature to ask the President to convene an extra session of Congress, in case the present Congress should fail to adopt an amendment abolishing slavery. In conclusion, the Governor intimates that this is the last time that he shall assume the duties of chief magistrate. The message is exceedingly lengthy, and makes a printed document of one hundred and twelve pages.
Property destroyed in Southwestern Virginia by Burbridge's raid.A correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer, who accompanied the expedition of Burbridge into Southwestern Virginia, gives the following account of the damage done to property on the route: ‘ It is impossible to present figures which shall express the damage which our army has inflicted upon the resources of the rebellion. A very large portion of the cotton and woolen cloth manufactured for Confederate use has come from the mills of Central Georgia. A considerable part of the leather for its army has been tanned there. The southern portion of the State is almost entirely devoted to cotton and rice. The manufacturing establishments of the State are on the lines of its central railways. The belt of destruction which our army has drawn across the country covers nearly the whole of these central lines, while it may be safely assumed that of the whole number of manufacturing establishments contributing to the tax support of the Government most are within reach of these railroads — cotton, flouring and woolen mills, tanneries, immense quantities of bark, stored in or awaiting shipment to government tanneries, with great stores of leather, machine shops of all kinds, wagon factories, and tin shops, together with all cotton, cotton seed, gins and presses, have been carefully sought out and burned. Thousands of bales of cotton, which had been secreted in thickets and swamps, were destroyed. Very little of hidden property escaped, as none could be secreted without the negroes' help, and they sought occasion to find Yankees to destroy it; and many cases came to the knowledge of the army where the negroes had burned these stores themselves. Nor has this conduct on the part of the slaves been confined to cotton, but every species of property has suffered from their hands. ’ And while every kind of manufactured wealth and the means of producing it have disappeared from the counties traversed, all live stock has been taken out of the country. Our army probably changed half of its horses and mules, and the abandoned animals were in all cases shot. A thousand miles of fencing would not replace that used by our troops for wood and in the heating of the rails on the roads destroyed. The condition of the farms in the vicinity of the army's route can be judged from these general statements.
Yankee trade with the Confederate States--the New England cotton speculators.Major-General Canby, in a letter on the subject of trade with the insurrectionary States, says: If it is carried on in the manner and to the extent claimed by the speculators who now control it, the inevitable result, in his judgment, will be to add strength and efficiency to the rebel owners east and west of the Mississippi equivalent to an addition of fifty thousand men, and will stimulate into active opposition to the successful prosecution of our operation at least ten thousand men within our own lines. The cotton speculators in the Mississippi Valley have a prospective hope to have an actual interest in every bale of cotton within the rebel lines. They know that expeditions within the enemy's country are followed by the capture of cotton or its destruction by the rebels to prevent its falling into our hands.--Hence it is to their interest to give information to the rebels of every contemplated movement. He has not sent an expedition into the enemy's lines without finding agents of this character in communication with the rebels, giving them information regarding our movements; and nearly every expedition has been foiled to some extent in some of its objects by information so communicated. He has now several speculators, captured in the enemy's country, awaiting trial for giving information to the enemy; but the punishment of these men is no compensation for the evil they have occasioned, and will not secure us from future disaster from the same cause. The rebel armies east and west of the Mississippi river have been supplied mainly, during the past twelve months, by the unlawful trade carried on upon that river. The city of New Orleans, since its occupation by our forces, has contributed more to the support of the rebel army, more to the purchase and equipment of privateers that are preying upon our commerce, and more to maintain the credit of the rebel Government in Europe, than any other port in the country, with the single exception of Wilmington. General Canby makes this statement from evidence. He does not doubt that many of the persons engaged in traffic of the produce of insurrectionary States are loyal and honorable men, but he does know that many of the intermediate agents employed are either rebels or unprincipled men, or actuated only by the instinct of gain. He now has papers in relation to the contracts made by English houses in Mobile for the exportation of two hundred thousand bales of cotton, by the way of New Orleans, the condition of the sale requiring the payments to be made in supplies, in gold, or in foreign exchanged. The net profits of these transactions are estimated by the contractors themselves at ten million dollars, and it is easy to see how much zeal will be evoked by profits of this magnitude. He cites this as one of many instances which have come under his observation, and to show the character of the transactions in the Mississippi Valley, indicating the means by which our laws are evaded, and how the amount due the rebel Government is converted into foreign exchange. A numerous class follows in the track of the army, traffic in its blood and betray the cause for which it fought, with all the baseness of Judas Iscariot, but without his remorse. The letter, of which the above is an extract, was to-day referred to the House Committee on Military Affairs, which has the entire subject under consideration.
Massage of the Governor of Pennsylvania.The message of Governor Curtin to the Legislature of Pennsylvania is very long. The following criticism of it, in the Philadelphia Inquirer, gives the most important points in it: ‘ The Governor subscribes to the opinion of the Union League of this city, that bounties given to volunteers are demoralizing, expensive and unproductive of benefit, in comparison to the cost. It would have been pleasant if the Governor had pointed out the proper remedy, so that the people would be protected alike from the bounty jumpers and the provost marshals; but His Excellency has no ideas upon the subject. More's the pity! ’ Between the Governor and Major-General Hancock there appears to be some difficulty in reference to recruiting for the First army corps, now being raised by the latter. The Governor is inquisitive about the organization, whether it is to belong to the regular army or be a volunteer corps, and under what act of Congress is it to be raised. If it is to be a corps of the regular army, Governor Curtin thinks he has nothing to do with it. If it is to be a volunteer corps, he desires to know whether he is to commission the officers upon the part of Pennsylvania. The fact is, that the Governor has got a twinge of the State rights disorder, and he seems unwilling to forward General Hancock's plans unless the National Government is brought to terms and the authority of Governor Curtin to commission his own favorites, to be officers of picked troops, is acknowledged. It is not likely that the War Department will humble itself to Governor Curtin, and, therefore, the fact that Pennsylvania will have no troops in Hancock's corps, unless the Legislature should interfere, is becoming very probable. The number of troops sent into service during 1864 from Pennsylvania is 91,704, of which over seventeen thousand have been re-enlistments. Since the beginning of the rebellion the number of volunteers furnished by Pennsylvania has been 336,444, to which we may add 25,000 militia, called in service in 1862, making altogether 361,444 men. So much for Governor Curtin's message to the Legislature of 1865. It is a dull affair, and may be contrasted with the spirit which was lively in every paragraph of former messages by the same officer. If the Legislature is, during its term, as artless as the message, Harrisburg will be a stupid place for three months to come.
Severe punishment of the Captors of the Florida.Commander Napoleon Collins has been detached from the steamer Wachusett, in which he captured the Florida, and ordered to regard himself as waiting orders. He is to be put through the forms, at least, of a court-martial trial for his seizure of the Florida. In this connection it may be added that Wilson, late Consul at Bahia, who was dismissed on account of his connection with the Florida affair, has been still further punished by being appointed to a consulship in Canada.
Blair's return to Washington without visiting Richmond, says: ‘ All that is known of the Blair mission is this: The President was fully apprised of the motives and purposes that induced the elder Blair to desire to go to Richmond, but he declined to make himself responsible for the journey; he would not give a written authorization of it, or officially promote it; but he told Mr. Blair he should allow General Grant to act on his own sense of duty and policy in forwarding him to Richmond, or of refusing him a passage through our lines. It is understood here that when he, Blair, reached Grant's headquarters, a telegram from the Secretary of War was there ahead of them, apprising the General that their mission to Richmond was self-assumed and without the authority of the President, and suggesting in the spirit and tenor of the dispatch, if not in words, that the mission had better be stopped. ’ The Blairs staid at headquarters two days, and then took their way home. It is understood that Montgomery was not to go into Richmond with his father, but was to await his return at City Point.--To strip this mission of all diplomatic character, a rumor has been pushed to-day that Mr. Blair simply endeavored to get to Richmond to recover portions of his political correspondence taken last year by Breckinridge from his mansion, at Silver Spring, and which is of a delicate character — that mercy to living politicians, and decency to dead ones, required that it should be recovered and suppressed at all hazards.