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We have received Northern papers of the evening of Sunday, the 16th instant Gold was quoted on that day at 219.

The case of Ex-Governor Foote--his arrest — the question of "Retaliation."

The Yankee papers have a great deal in them about the arrest of Senator Foote. The Washington correspondents send off a great many glowing accounts of Mr. Foote's "escape" from rebeldom. The correspondent of the Philadelphia Inquirer telegraphs the following:

Mrs. ex-Senator Foote is still at Willard's, and has been called upon by many of her old friends.

From her account, it appears that, a few days before Christmas, Mrs. Foote procured a passport to bring her through the rebel lines, that she might come to Washington, and proceed thence to Nashville, to look after her husband's property.

Under the pretence of visiting some of her friends in King George county, Mr. Foote accompanied her. They went to Hanover, about twenty miles north of Richmond, on the cars, and there procured a carriage and driver. They met with no difficulty until they had reached the Rappahannock river, near Fredericksburg, where there being no bridge on which they could cross, they went down the river several miles; but the rebels in charge of the ferry refused to pass them over, notwithstanding Mrs. Foote's passport, they assigning as a reason that the river was so swollen as to make it unsafe.

After waiting in the vicinity for two days they drove back to Milford, where, at a relative of his (Foote's), they remained several days more. Here information reached them that there was a rebel force out in pursuit of them. They fearing to remain longer quiet, Mr. Foote concluded to take the chances of passing Rappahannock and get out again. Taking a circuitous route, they crossed the river in safety, and on January 7th they arrived at Dumfries.

No rebel force was believed to be north of there; and they considered the danger over, and Mrs. Foote destroyed her papers, fearing to fall into the hands of some of our soldiers.

On Sunday they drove to Mr. Hammel's, near the Occoquan, where they hoped to be able to get across the Potomac, upon the Maryland shore. Arrangements had been effected, and, under the pilotage of some slaves, they were to cross the river on Tuesday, but two rebel cavalrymen rode up to the house and arrested both.

It appears their movement had been reported to Richmond by the rebel ferrymen; and on Sunday last Jeff. Davis telegraphed to the rebel provost-marshal at Fredericksburg to overtake them and bring both back to Richmond. Finding it impossible to get Mrs. Foote back that night, she was paroled to remain there until sent for, and they set out with Mr. Foote for Richmond on Wednesday morning. They went towards Fredericksburg, from whence he would be sent by rail to Richmond, probably reaching there last Thursday or Thursday night.

Information reached Colonel Welles, at Alexandria, that Mrs. Foote was at Occoquan, and he sent out a cavalry force to bring her in. She arrived in Alexandria on Friday morning, and Secretary Seward, hearing of her arrival there, drove down, brought her up to Willard's and ordered that she should be well cared for. It is understood that Mr. Seward expressed the opinion that Mr. Foote was in our lines when taken by the rebels; that he had renounced his faith in their cause, and was consequently under our protection, and his safety will be looked after by us as much as though he were at present a member of our Senate.

Mr. Foote has resigned his seat in the rebel House of Representatives, assigning as reasons, "the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus," "the passage of acts in secret session against the interests of the people;" "that the Senate and the majority of the House are in the interest of Jeff. Davis, and have passed such laws as tend to extinguish the liberties of the people and disastrously affect their interest. "

Instead of starvation, Davis and his friends live as well as they ever did in Richmond, the rebel Treasury footing the bills.

Mrs. Foote is a middle-aged lady, not over forty-five, and in excellent health. She is accompanied by her youngest son, of three years, the rest of her family being in Nashville.

Mr. Foote is thoroughly disgusted with the Confederacy, which, instead of being an independent government, as he set out to attain, it has come to be a question of dictatorship for Davis, who is centralizing the entire power of the Confederacy in himself. In league with him are all but Trenholm, Secretary of the Treasury. He is boldly pushing for a dictatorship, and he is determined to carry on the war to suit himself. He will never make any peace, but will continue to grow more barbarous as he grows more desperate by the apparent hopelessness of success, and if he fails, is determined to involve the whole country, if possible, in one common ruin.

Mrs. Foote does not think the Blairs' mission, if intended for peace, will avail anything. Many of the people of the South are weary of their burdens and losses, and would willingly quit and make peace if they could be guaranteed an amnesty and secured their property and slaves.

It is intended, by Davis, to arm and equip two hundred thousand slaves for the next summer campaign.

Had Mr. Foote reached here, it was his intention to try and mediate for his oppressed people, independent of the rebel chief, and failing to make peace, to travel in some foreign clime, and end his days in a calm review of his past life.

The New York Times rather opposes the idea of protecting Mr. Foote. It says:

‘ A telegraphic dispatch from Washington ascribes to the President the threat that, if the rebel authorities "harm" their fugitive member of Congress, H. S. Foote, he will retaliate upon "five of the most distinguished rebel prisoners in our hands." This strikes us as simply absurd. What have we to do with Foote any more than with any other adherent of the rebel Government? True, he has become disgusted with secession, and was trying to secure his personal safety by escaping within our lines. But that gives him no more claim upon us than any other deserter has, and we certainly do not threaten "retaliation" for punishments the rebels inflict upon their soldiers for attempted desertion. It is unfortunate for Mr. Foote that he can't get away; but he could easily have avoided that difficulty by never joining the rebels. Having done so, he must stand the consequences. Neither the President nor anybody else in authority, we venture to say, has ever made the remark ascribed to him. If Mr. Foote succeeds in reaching Washington, he will probably find himself under arrest, as one of the active and responsible leaders in the rebel cause, though he may doubtless count safely on the Executive clemency. But until he does come, he has certainly no claim to the protection or aid of the Goverment.

Abolition Convention in Tennessee--Parson Brownlow nominated for Governor — his Speech.

A dispatch from Nashville, dated the 18th, says:

The Tennessee State Convention have unanimously passed a resolution declaring slavery forever abolished, and prohibiting it throughout the State.

’ The Convention also passed a resolution prohibiting the Legislature from recognizing property in man, and forbidding it from requiring compensation to be made to the owners of slaves.

A resolution was also adopted abrogating the declaration of State independence and the military league made with the Confederate States in 1861; also abrogating all the laws and ordinances passed in pursuance hereof.

All the officers appointed by the acting Governor since his accession to office were confirmed.

The propositions of the Convention are to be submitted to the people for ratification on the 22d of February, and on the 4th of March an election is to be held for Governor and members of the Legislature.

Nearly three hundred delegates participated in the proceedings of the Convention, and the greatest harmony and good feeling prevailed.

Parson Brownlow is the unanimous choice of the Convention for Governor.

Another, dated the 14th, announces the nomination of the parson:

The Tennessee Union State Convention, in its session to-day, nominated Parson W. G. Brownlow for Governor by acclamation.

A delegate asked if he would accept, whereupon he responded in the following language:

Gentlemen: I settle the controversy by assuring you that I will accept. [Applause.] I cannot be expected to do anything more, and I certainly ought to do no less than tender to you, as a Convention, my sincere and unfeigned thanks for the honor and distinction you have conferred upon me. I will not speak to you at length now, gentlemen; but what I lack in speaking, if the people should ratify the nomination made by you, I will try to make up in deeds and acts; and, God being my help, if you will send up a legislature to re-organize the militia and pass other necessary business, I will put an end to this infernal system of guerrilla fighting in the State,--in East, Middle and West Tennessee,--if we have to shoot every man concerned in such business. [Loud and long continued applause, amid which the Parson retired.]

The Convention are nominating members of the Legislature to-night.

Death of Edward Everett.

Edward Everett died of apoplexy at his residence, in Boston, on Sunday morning. A telegram from there says:

‘ His age was seventy years and about ten months. Mr. Everett addressed his fellow-citizens at Faneuil Hall, on Monday last, in aid of sending provisions to Savannah, and, during the afternoon of that day, was present in court, in reference to a claim for damages against the city of Charlestown for overflowing a portion of his estate in Medford by constructing a dam on Mystic river. On Tuesday he became effected with a severe cold, but neither his friends nor himself deemed it serious. Saturday evening he appeared about as well as usual, and retired to bed, declining to trouble any one to remain with him. About 3 o'clock this morning his house- keeper entered his room and found him sleeping naturally. An hour later she was alarmed by hearing a heavy fall in his room, and found him lying on the floor, breathing heavily. A physician was promptly summoned, but before his arrival Mr. Everett died.

’ The event was announced in nearly all the churches at the commencement of morning service, and created a profound feeling of sadness. Shortly afternoon the church bells of the city and suburbs were tolled. Mr. Everett's funeral will take place at noon on Thursday next, in the First Church, Rev. Rufus Ellis pastor. It is presumed the State and city authorities will take part in the obsequies of this great and good citizen.

The following is the official announcement of his death by the Washington Government:

Department of State, Washington, Sunday, January 15.
The President directs the undersigned to perform the painful duty of announcing to the people of the United States that Edward Everett, distinguished not more by learning and eloquence than by unsurpassed and disinterested labors of patriotism, at a period of political disorder, departed this life at 4 o'clock this morning. The several Executive Departments of the Government will cause appropriate honors to be rendered to the memory of the deceased, at home and abroad, wherever the national name and authority are recognized.

[Signed] William H. Seward.

Savannah — the city to be garrisoned.

The Philadelphia Inquirer has a letter from Savannah, dated the 6th instant, in which we find the following:

The army is still at rest and recuperating for the final raid. The country in this vicinity having been pretty thoroughly foraged out by Wheeler's cavalry before Sherman's army arrived, our dependence is chiefly on transportation from the North, and for some reason, I know not what, but little provision has yet arrived.

As for the city, it is in a perfect furore of business. About every other house has been converted into a store-room, and the citizens — those who could show a clean record--have nearly all turned merchants. Besides, there is an influx of the genre Yankee that must be somewhat alarming to the plodding denizens. The wharf begins to present an appearance which would be no discredit to any city in the North. In a word, Savannah is wheeling right into the old Union track, and, if I mistake not very much the feeling of her citizens, all the eloquence in rebeldom could not persuade her to turn out again even if our troops were not here.

The indigent contrabands, and their name is legion, are being shipped North as fast as possible, "where white wheat bread and a dollar a day are coming."--When the army which is at present sojourning here moves out into the wilderness again, this city will, of course, be garrisoned, and it will be necessary to remove, so far as possible, all encumbrances. Disaffected citizens, whose hearts still long for the muddy water brooks of the Confederacy, wherever that is, are bowed out of our lines without the least hesitation.

Every house in the city is occupied, and rents are fully as high as in Philadelphia or New York. This may seem strange, but it is, nevertheless, painfully true for those who are compelled to pay present prices. Table provision is yet very scarce. Luxuries are few and only to be had at outrageous prices. Our city lamps still hold out to burn, but unless some enterprising Yankee manages to get a large supply of coal shipped down here very soon we will be left in the dark. Fire wood sells readily at ten dollars per cord, and is hard to get at that. The army is slaying the timber, as well as other things, in the vicinity of the city. Even the railroad ties on the Georgia Central, for many miles out, are vanishing before this military necessity.

As yet, speculations about the probable movements of the army are of little account. Suffice it that when all things are ready a movement will be made which will excite the interest of the country, no less than did that which has just closed in the capture of Savannah.

From Grant's army — unsuccessful foraging Expedition.

A letter from Grant's army says that General Warren, of the Fifth corps, will be put in Butler's place, now temporarily filled by Ord. It gives the following intelligence:

A foraging party, two hundred and fifty strong, and eight wagons, started out on the Jerusalem plankroad on Wednesday afternoon, under command of Captain Burridge Price, of General Griffins staff, and were in search of forage for their command, a scarcity of which has existed for some days past throughout the army. They proceeded without impediment up the road until some two miles beyond our new lines of picket, when a sudden and unexpected attack was made upon the party by some mounted bushwhackers.

The attack, although a feeble one, was disastrous so far as foraging was concerned, and resulted in the death of Captain Price. The fire was delivered from a piece of woods, and the Captain fell pierced by two balls, while the command was thrown into some degree of confusion. The Captain, finding himself mortally wounded, gave his sword and pistol to a sergeant and told him to escape. The foraging party, however, reached our lines without further molestation.

On searching for the remains of this unfortunate, but gallant officer, they were found completely stripped, and with four ghastly wounds on his mangled body. The ruffians had attempted to conceal the body by partially burying it beneath a collection of leaves.

The report of deserters that Lee has sent troops to meet Sherman in South Carolina is confirmed; but the knowledge of all military movements is so well kept that it is not known in the army what troops, nor the number, have gone, although it is now three weeks since they started.

The following is the order for the removal of General Butler from the command of the Army of the James:

Headquarters armies of the
United States,
city point, Virginia,
January 7, 1865.

    Special orders, no. 5:

  1. I. In pursuance of General Orders No. 1, War Department, Adjustant-General's Office, Washington, D. C., January 7, 1865, Major-General E. O. C. Ord, United States Volunteers, will relieve Major-General B. F. Butler, in the command of the Department of Virginia and North Carolina, temporarily.
  2. II. Major-General B. F. Butler will turn over to Major-General E. O. C. Ord the records and orders of the department and all public money in his possession, or subject to his order, collected by virtue of rules and regulations which he may have established.
  3. III. The department staff will report to Major-General Ord for duty.
By command of
Lieutenant-General Grant.
T. S. Bowers,
Assistant Adjutant-General.
To Major-General E. O. C. Ord, through Major-General B. F. Butler.

Trail by military commission--Sentence of a lady.

A military commission, which has been some months in session at General Dix's headquarters in New York investigating cases arising under the laws of war, has recently been occupied with two interesting trials:

  1. 1. The case of Mrs. Myers. She is the wife of rebel officer, and came through the lines, without the permission of the United States authorities, to this city.--She was found to be making purchases and preparing to return with a variety of articles of female dress. She was brought by General Dix before the military commission and fined to the amount of her purchases ($1,281.50), and sentenced to be sent, under guard, to Tennessee, at her own expense, and thence across the lines. The order of the court has been executed, the money paid, and she is probably, by this time, with her rebel friends.
  2. 2. The case of Smedley, an Englishman. He came across the Potomac from Richmond in October, went to England under a fictitious name, and returned to this city in December under another fictitious name, avowedly with the intention of going to the South. He was arrested three days after his arrival, tried, and sentenced to six months imprisonment in Fort Lafayette, and at the end of that time to be sent across the lines. The sentence was modified by General Dix so far as respects sending him South. He is now at Fort Lafayette, and we suppose will, at a proper time, be sent back to England, and not into the rebel States, where he wants to go.


Governor Fletcher issued a proclamation on the 14th declaring Missouri free State. In St. Louis there was an illumination.

The New York papers have nothing new about Blair's peace mission. They copy a great deal on the subject from the Richmond papers.

General Sheridan has started on a tour of inspection of the departments under his command. These embrace the Departments of Washington, West Virginia, and the Middle Department.

The Confederates are still in possession of Uniontown, Kentucky, and fire upon passing steamers.

The Chicago prisoners on trial at Cincinnati for treason and conspiracy have put in pleas as to the jurisdiction of the commission, declaring they are not in the military service, and that this tribunal cannot take cognizance of their case, and that they should be tried by a civil, not a military court. These points were argued yesterday, when the commission adjourned to Monday.

The United States sloop-of-war San Jacinto was wrecked on the morning of the 1st instant off No Name Key, on the Bahama Banks. No lives were lost, and most of the stores of the vessel were saved.

Mr. Archibald Baxter, of New York, goes to Savannah in behalf of the Chamber of Commerce and Produce Exchange, in charge of the contributions made through the Executive Relief Committee of each institution for the relief of the suffering poor of Savannah. Mr. Baxter is to supervise the distribution of the food, etc., thus donated.

The Baltimore American's Beaufort correspondence, under date of the 6th instant, says: ‘"Nine deserters came off from Fort Fisher a few days since, and were picked up by one of the blockading vessels. They report that the fort was about surrendering on the 25th, when they were surprised to learn that the troops were being withdrawn from the shore. They represent the garrison as greatly demoralized. The quarters are all destroyed and the men poorly supplied with provisions."’

Lieutenant-Governor Jacobs, of Kentucky, has arrived in Washington.

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