Later from Europe.The latest foreign news is dated Liverpool, February 2:
American affairs.The news of the capture of Fort Fisher added materially to the prevalent depression among Southern sympathizers, while the friends of the North were correspondingly elated. Federal securities improved one-half to two per cent., while there was a corresponding fall in the Confederate loan. The reiterated peace rumors caused a further decline in the Liverpool and Manchester cotton market, but there was a better feeling in Liverpool at the close. It was generally supposed that the fall of Fort Fisher had closed Wilmington to the blockade- runners, and had deprived the South of foreign supplies. The London Times says the policy of the North is evidently to isolate the Confederates, as the first necessity for a successful termination of the war. Minister Adams had a long interview with Earl Russell on the 28th ultimo, and this fact, at the present juncture, attracts comment. The news taken out by the Nova Scotian of continued Federal successes, coupled with the reiterated peace rumors, exercised a material influence on the English market for American securities and produce. Satterthwaite's circular says: ‘ "We have to report a very active and excited market for American securities, caused by the reports of Federal successes, and the rapid decline of gold in New York. The scarcity of five-twenties which existed for some time, appeared, on the recent settlement, to have increased, so that there has been quite a rush to cover bear sales, and bonds which closed at forty-seven this day week came rapidly up until they touched fifty-four." ’ The London Times publishes a lengthy opinion of William M. Evart, of New York, on the power of English creditors to recover debt in Federal courts on a special basis. The opinion winds up as follows: ‘ "Foreign transactions are necessarily made and expressed in foreign currencies; to permit their discharge by an equivalent in American currency would be introducing a monstrous inequality to the prejudice of foreign creditors, which might justly give offence; indeed, our courts would thus be practically closed against the enforcement of foreign debts, and of consequent, commercial credit, without which foreign commerce cannot be carried on, and will fail." ’
Mexico allude to the rumored cession of Sonora to France as a guarantee for the French Mexican debt. A preliminary treaty to this effect was, it is reported, concluded at the latter end of November. The Mexican Government is, however, to keep the sovereignty of Sonora." ’ The immediate occupation of Sonora by French troops is also mentioned, a portion of the same having, it is said, already left Acapulco for that destination. The Paris Bourse was heavy on the 1st instant, and Rentes declined 1-4, closing at 66£95 The French Government has issued stringent orders against interference with the Protestant Missions to the Society Islands.
Vienna papers publish an analysis of the Prussian reply to the last note of Austria on the question of the Duchies. Prussia will await the opinion of the legal advisers of the Crown before coming to a decision concerning the interests of these countries and the succession question. Great stress is laid on the wish of Prussia to come to an tinder standing with Austria, without which the Prussian Government could arrive at no solution. Prussia has important naval interests on the northern frontier as Austria has on her frontier. Before these interests are settled, Prussia cannot enter into any discussion of the succession question. The semi-provincial correspondence of Berlin says: "It is said that the deliberations of the Cabinet on the Schleswig-Holstein question will, in a very short time, have so far advanced as to render possible a precise statement of the indispensable conditions and stipulations, the fulfillment of which Prussia will see guaranteed before any further step can be taken. A dispatch from Constantinople announces the opening of telegraphic communication between Bagdad and India.The first message was from the Governor of Bagdad to the Governor of Bombay on the 29th of January.