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Henry Clay once spoke of the Irish as resembling the Kentuckians in a good many features of character. In their impulsiveness, generosity, readiness for a fight or a frolic, the Kentuckians and Irish seemed, to Mr. Clay, very much alike; and, perhaps, also, in another quality: that unbounded capacity of being led estray by demagogues which has caused Lord Brougham to observe that the Irish "may be deceived by the same person nine times in succession, and they will believe him just as implicitly the tenth; nay, were he to confess that he had willfully deceived them to suit a purpose of his own, they would only consider this a proof of his honesty, and lend an ear, if possible, more readily to his next imposture. " This invincible credulity is as characteristic of Kentucky as of Ireland. We need not mention the incidents of this war which demonstrate the proposition. Nor are the Kentuckians the only people on this continent who have the capacity of believing through thick and thin, and to whom the, "pleasure is as great in being cheated as to cheat." In fact, the only exceptions, that we are aware of, are the people of New England. We must do them the justice to say that they are not generally the victims of misplaced confidence. Their young affections are not often trifled with. Their mission is to be believed in, not to believe. They do not feel called upon to believe in themselves The only possible way to deceive them is to tell them the truth.

If Henry Clay had lived to see this day, another and more painful association between Ireland and the South might have suggested itself to his mind. He would have seen the dismal destiny of Ireland hanging over this country in the event of its subjugation. Lord Brougham, in an essay from which we have quoted his allusion to Irish credulity, glorifies the English people for what he calls their habit of thinking for themselves, and the impossibility of any one making them act upon grounds which they do not comprehend, or for purposes in which they have no manifest interest. The people of New England certainly resemble those of Old England in knowing how to take care of themselves, and also how to take care of people who have not that knowledge. We therefore conclude there can be no exaggeration in predicting for the South, in the event of subjugation, the same fate as that of Ireland. We need not insist that the South will be reduced to the condition of Hungary or Poland. We will defer to the ideas of those who insist that the Yankees are not Russians or Austrians. They are, however, Englishmen; and not Englishmen of the highest type. There is no extravagance in concluding that, with even stronger motives to injustice and spoliation than those which have dictated English policy towards Ireland, they would treat the conquered South with no greater moderation and humanity than the English Government has exercised towards its Irish province. A brief review of its conduct will enable us to form some idea of our own future if we permit ourselves to fail in this contest.

It is unnecessary, for this purpose, to go farther back than the days of "Good Queen Bess." "Be not dismayed," said Queen Elizabeth on hearing that O'Neal meditated some design against her Government"; tell my friends, if he arise, it will turn to their advantage--there will be estates for those who want. " Soon after this soothing prediction, Munster was destroyed by famine and the sword, and near six hundred thousand acres forfeited to the Crown and distributed among Englishmen. In the reign of James First came the rebellions of Daugherty, whereby the English were comforted by the confiscation of six northern counties, amounting to five hundred thousand acres, and half a million more during the same reign. That exemplary monarch also made an attempt upon the whole property of the province of Connought, which would have succeeded if he had not been bought up by a sum greater than he hoped to gain. A great rebellion in the reign of Charles First was followed by another scene of blood, cruelty and confiscation. Then Cromwell came in; but a change of rulers made no change in the fate of Ireland; still less when, in the place of Charles, came the head of that peculiar people whose descendants now occupy New England and direct the counsels of the United States. Cromwell began his career in Ireland by promising quarter to the garrison of Drogheda, and then massacring them for five days.--Two millions and a half of acres were confiscated. Whole towns were put up in lots. The Catholics were banished from three-fourths of the kingdom. One of the Puritans of that day complains "that the people do not transport readily"; but adds, "it is, doubtless, a work in which the Lord will appear."--Ten thousand Irish were sent to recruit the Spanish army.

"Nothing," says an English and Protestant author, "can show more strongly the light in which the Irish were held by Cromwell than the correspondence with Henry Cromwell respecting the peopling of Jamaica from Ireland. Secretary Thurloe sends to Henry, the Lord- Deputy in Ireland, to inform him that 'a stock of Irish girls and Irish young men are wanted for the peopling of Jamaica.'"

The answer of Henry Cromwell is as follows: "Concerning the supply of young men, although we must use force in taking them up, yet it being so much for their own good, and likely to be of so great an advantage to the public, it is not the least doubted but that you may have such a number of them as you may think fit to make use of on this account.

"I shall not need repeat anything respecting the girls, not doubting to answer your expectations to the full advantage to your affairs there, and over here, if you should think fit to send fifteen hundred or two thousand boys to the place above-mentioned. We can well spare them; and who knows that it may be the means of making them Englishmen — I mean, rather, Christians. As for the girls, I suppose you will make provisions of clothes and other accommodations for them." Upon this, Thurloe informs Henry Cromwell that the Council have voted four thousand girls, and as many boys, to go to Jamaica."

Every-Catholic priest found in Ireland was hanged, and five pounds paid to the informer.

"About the year 1652, and 1653," says Colonel Lawrence in his Interests of Ireland, "the plague and famine had so swept away whole counties that a man might travel twenty or thirty miles and not see a living creature, either man, or beast, or bird,--they being all dead, or had quitted those desolated regions. Our soldiers would tell stories of the places where they saw smoke — it was so rare to see either smoke by day, or fire or candle by night." In this manner did the Irish live and die under Cromwell, suffering by the sword, famine, pestilence and persecution, beholding the confiscation of a kingdom and the banishment of a race. "So there perished," says S. W. Peetry, "in the year 1641, six hundred and fifty thousand human beings, whose blood somebody must atone for to God and the king."

In the reign of Charles II., by the Act of Settlement, four millions and a half of acres were forever taken from the Irish. "This country," says the Earl of Essex, Lord Lieutenant in 1675, "has been perpetually rent and torn since His Majesty's restoration. I can compare it to nothing better than the flinging the reward on the death of a deer among the packs of hounds — where every one pulls and tears where he can for himself." "All wool grown in Ireland was, by act of Parliament, compelled to be sold to England; and Irish cattle were excluded from England. The English, however, were pleased to accept thirty thousand head of cattle, sent as a gift from Ireland to the sufferers in the great fire!--and the first day of the sessions, after this act of munificence, the Parliament passed fresh acts of exclusion against the productions of that country."

We confine ourselves in this summary to the political, and pass over the religious persecutions of Ireland — a weapon which, in those days, all religious parties wielded against each other. It is only of late that Ireland has had a breathing spell, after centuries of oppression; but even now it is a favorite scheme of England to promote, by all bloodless means, the depopulation of that country and the entire settlement of it by English subjects. We see in all this what awaits us in the future, at the hands of essentially the same people, if we fail in making good our defence of our hearthstones and altars.--Ireland fell by her internal divisions. Let us avoid that rock, let us stand shoulder to shoulder, and resolve to die freemen rather than live slaves. Then, with the blessing of God, our independence is as sure as the rising of the morrow's sun.

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