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We have received Northern papers of Thursday, the 23d instant. Gold, 201 3 8.

The evacuation of Wilmington — the fall of Fort Anderson.

The Yankee papers contain a good deal about the fall of Fort Anderson, which preceded the evacuation of Wilmington, North Carolina. It appears that the fort was heavily shelled by Porter's fleet and a demonstration made in its front while another effort was made to get in its rear. An account says:

General Schofield having accomplished all that he had contemplated by this demonstration in front, about 3 o'clock P. M. withdrew the whole of the Third division and sent it around upon the other road, where he had arranged to have General Ames's division of the Twenty-fourth corps meet them and march together, to come in upon the north side of the fort, the only place at which the enemy could escape. General Cox had provided himself in advance with competent guides to conduct his column by the intricate roads leading through this part of the country; and by the middle of the afternoon he was in motion, with Cockrell's battery of Rodman's guns. --He had, as yet, made no use whatever of this battery, and the enemy had no reason to suppose that there was any artillery with the column. During the heat of the engagement, the band of the One Hundred and Fourth Ohio kept up a constant serenade of patriotic music. The rebels, determined not to be out-done, also posted a brass band upon the parapet of their work, which discoursed opposition melody. Among the more conspicuous tunes was recognized a favorite Southern air, "Who's been here while I've been gone."

’ Three prisoners, who were captured during the advance of our men, represented that the enemy had been re-enforced during the night. But we do not know that this is correct. General Cox was soon engaged with the rebel pickets, who, no doubt, sent word to General Hagood of his advance upon the rear of his work.

The combined movement had the effect to so demoralize them that they concluded to abandon the work — which they did about 3 o'clock this morning. Colonel Moore being confident that the enemy had evacuated, ordered his men to charge the works and open fire, which they did about 4 o'clock. They captured about twenty prisoners, officers and men — the rest had got away.

We have eleven pieces of heavy artillery, all in good condition. None were spiked. They were evidently left in a great hurry.

The way is open to Wilmington. The gunboats will be able to reach within shelling distance of the place.

The Admiral's bogus monitor, doubt — less, was the influential cause of the precipitate abandonment by the rebels of their strong defensive line on the river. The affair was towed up close to the fort at 10 o'clock last evening, and then cast adrift on the flood tide. As it drifted past the fort the rebels opened their guns on it, and set off their electrical torpedoes about it; but all to no effect. It passed all these dangers in safety, and sailed on to a point about two miles above the fort, where it met the ebb tide. This at first, aided by the wind, sent it across the river, where it grounded, immediately in the rear of Hoke's lines at Sugar Loaf. The rebels, of course, considered themselves flanked by our most formidable vessel, and, fearing a joint front and rear attack, concluded to run.

The following is Porter's official report:

United States Flagship Malvern, Cape Fear River, February 19th, 1865.
I have the honor to report the surrender or evacuation of Fort Anderson.

General Schofield advanced from Smithville, with eight thousand men, on the 17th instant. At the same time I attacked the works by water, placing the monitor Montauk close to the works, and enfilading them with the Pawtucket, Lenape, Unadilla and Pequot, the tide and wind not allowing more vessels to get under fire. The fort answered pretty briskly, but quieted down by sunset.

On the 18th, at 8 o'clock, I moved up closer, with the Montauk leading, followed by the Mackinaw, Huron, Sassacus, Pontusuck, Maratanza, Lenape, Unadilla, Pawtucket, Osccola, Shawmut, Seneca, Nyack, Chippewa and Little Ada, and kept up a heavy fire through the day until late in the afternoon.

The enemy's batteries were silenced by three o'clock, though we kept up the fire until dark. We also fired through the night.

In the meantime, General Schofield was working in the rear of the rebels to out them off. The latter did not wait for the army to surround them, but left in the night, taking five or six pieces of light artillery with them, and everything else of any value.

At daylight this morning, some of our troops that were near by went in and hoisted the flag on the ramparts, when the firing ceased from the monitors.

There were ten heavy guns in Fort Anderson and a quantity of ammunition.

We lost but three killed and five wounded.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,

David D. Porter, Rear Admiral.
Hon. Gideon Welles, Secretary of the Navy.

The twenty-second of February among the Yankees.

The 22d of February was celebrated in great style among the Yankees. At New York, the "old flag" was exhibited by the thousand, and in some cases sold as cheap as two cents--about the value of it. A telegram from Washington shows how it was celebrated there:

At noon national salutes were fired at the navy-yard and at all the fortifications around Washington, and for a time it seemed as if a general bombardment were in progress. All the public buildings and many private dwellings, places of business, &c., were gaily decorated with flags. Hardly had the reverberations of the salutes died away than the glorious intelligence that Fort Anderson had been evacuated, and the way to Wilmington opened, became generally known adding to the general rejoicing. This evening the public buildings and many stores and residences were brilliantly illuminated. The capitol was a blaze of light from basement to dome, and presented a magnificent appearance. The State Department was tastefully adorned with national flags, and over the main entrance was a transparency with the following significant inscription, in large letters: "Peace and good will to all nations; but no entangling alliances and no foreign intervention."

Two more of Lincoln's passes for Richmond.

A telegram from Washington, dated the 22d instant, says:

General Singleton and Judge Hughes, late of the Court of Claims, left to-day for Richmond, via Baltimore and Fortress Monroe. They have received passes through our lines from the President.--What the object of their mission may be is not positively known; but leading peace Democrats intimate that it may be the inauguration of another effort to convince the rebel leaders that further persistence in rebellion is useless, and that the constant succession of disasters which has fallen upon them during the last three months proves that the end must be reached soon, and that it is better to make the best terms possible now than to maintain their present attitude until their military power is entirely destroyed.

Work in the Federal Congress--the reconstruction bill.

The correspondent of the New York Herald, telegraphing from Washington, says:

Mr. Sumner's Freedmen's Bureau bill was effectually squelched to-day in the Senate. The worst feature in the case is the fact that the measure was killed by its friends. The idea of John P. Hale, Lane, of Indiana, Grimes and Henderson, radical as they are, opposing anything that Sumner might propose in favor of the negro is quite refreshing. Hale and Lane both broadly asserted that they believed that the poor white refugees of the South had some rights as well as the negroes. Mr. Sumner was much excited, and several times seemed to have lost his temper. His manner toward his radical brethren said, "Call you this backing your friends? " When the vote was finally taken, and the report of the committee of conference was non-concurred in, he looked in utter despair. Among the incidents of the discussion was a speech from Mr. Sprague, of Rhode Island, in favor of granting the elective franchise to the freedmen of the Southern States, as being the most loyal persons there. Mr. Lane, of Indiana, agreed with him. While they were willing to do this, and place the negro on a level with the poor whites, neither of them would consent to Mr. Sumner's proposition to give everything in the South to the negroes, and then subject the latter to a bureau whose officers had the power to reduce them to a worse state of slavery than they were in formerly by contracting their services for a term of years without their consent.

’ The reconstruction measure, which was supposed to have been finally disposed of yesterday, came up in the House again to-day in the shape of an amendment to a bill reported from the Judiciary Committee to establish the supremacy of the Constitution over the States in rebellion. The bill and proposed amendments were finally laid upon the table, and it is believed that the matter is now finally disposed of.

The Senate bill providing for the freedom of slaves serving in the military and naval forces of the United States was finally passed to-day. It met with a strong opposition, and the vote upon it was almost a strictly party one. Every Democrat voted against it, and a few of the border State men who usually act with the Administration party in the House.

The New Yorkers on the War — a little Theatrical business for General Robert Anderson.

The New Yorkers are persuading themselves that they have altogether subjugated the gentlemen who used to buy goods from them, and propose to hold a grand mass meeting to celebrate the event. In the preliminary meeting for this purpose we find the following resolutions:

Resolved, That the treacherous assault upon Sumter has been fitly expiated in the ignominious flight of the assailants, without a shot fired in defence of a city dedicated to treason.

Resolved, That it is becoming in a free and enlightened people to recognize and applaud distinguished public services rendered in the cause of the country, and that the citizens of New York regard it as a duty to give public expression of their gratitude to the heroic men who, under Divine Providence, have defended and preserved the honor and the life of the nation.

Resolved, That a committee of citizens be appointed to consider and report at a subsequent meeting, to be called by the chairman and secretary, in regard to the time and manner of celebrating the recent triumph of the Union arms, and with the purpose of uniting a whole community, irrespective of all other considerations, in a grand ovation to the principles of loyal duty to the country and its Government.

Resolved, That copies of these resolutions be transmitted to the President of the United States, to the Governor of this State, and to the several officers named therein, and that the same be published.

Resolved, That the President be requested to send a national ship to Charleston harbor to convey thither General Robert Anderson, that he may replace upon the flagstaff of Fort Sumter that national banner, the emblem of our liberties and of our Union, which, on the 13th of April, 1861, he was compelled to lower at the dictation of the traitors of South Carolina.

Additional particulars of the occupation of Charleston.

A correspondent of the New York Times gives some additional particulars of the occupation of Charleston by the Federals. The last brigade of Confederate troops left the city about 6 o'clock on the morning of the 18th. Writing on that day, the correspondent says:

‘ We had intimation in the night that the city was being evacuated, from seeing a dense volume of smoke rising over the city. The smoke was caused by the burring of the Central Railroad buildings, one or two other public buildings, and a quantity of cotton — supposed to have been two thousand bales. The railroad building contained a considerable quantity of rice and corn, also two hundred kegs of powder. This morning early, while the citizens were inside gathering up the rice and corn, a rebel soldier entered and ignited the powder. The result was a terrific explosion, and the killing and wounding of one hundred of the people.

’ At daylight the rebels blew up four rams which were in the inner harbor, near to the city. I noticed only one private house in flames. I was told that the owner applied the torch a few minutes before the rebels left the city.

General Hardee was in command, and by his order two thirteen-inch Blakely guns on a wharf battery were bursted. The remaining guns, six in number, mounted on the wharf batteries, were spiked, and the carriages disabled.

The first one of our men who entered the city was Lieutenant-Colonel A. G. Bennett, Twenty- first United States colored troops, who arrived about half an hour after the last of the rebel forces had left. He was followed by Colonel Ames, of the Third Rhode Island artillery. The city is now held by troops sent over from James and Morris islands.

Captain H. M. Bragg, of General Gillmore's staff, went over to Fort Sumter in a small boat, and planted the American colors on the parapet. In Sumter are nine guns, four columbiads and five howitzers. Captain Bragg brought away with him a tattered Secesh flag, which he found in a corner of the fort.

A blockade-runner, with an assorted cargo, which ran up to Charleston in the night, was taken possession of by the navy. The citizens tell me that three other blockade-runners are expected in to-night. The rebels retreated in the direction of Wilmington.

But few of the inhabitants remain. When General Gillmore reached the pier in his flag- boat — the W. W. Coit — he was greeted by about fifty whites and blacks. All day long the people have been begging for provisions.

All of the hotels are closed, with the windows and doors fastened. The rebels have left an innumerable quantity of guns in the various forts about the harbor, but I have not time to give particulars in this dispatch.

The citizens say that the harbor, from Sumter up to the city, is filled with torpedoes, but none of them have exploded as yet. The arsenal in the city is filled with ammunition.

As fast as General Schimmelfenning's forces could be thrown into the city they were set to work to put out the fire, which, up to the time of leaving, was raging fiercely in different parts of the city, presenting an appearance of horror frightful to behold — old men, women and children rushing frantically to and fro in an agony of despair at the loss of their homes and the killing and mutilating of their friends.

The Grand Yankee inauguration ball.

The ball is to come off on Monday evening, March 6, in the immense hall of the Patent Office building. The supper has been contracted for at five thousand dollars; the music at one thousand three hundred dollars. Four thousand invitation tickets are to be printed, and will be distributed immediately. Every thing touching the ball is to be conducted on the grandest scale possible. The tickets are to be ten dollars each, admitting a gentleman and two ladies. If any gentleman desires to take more than two ladies, the charge for each over two will be two dollars. Any surplus over the expenses is to go to the families of soldiers in the field.

Rev. Dr. Breckinridge on two Repentant Copperheads.

Dr. Breckinridge has published a lengthy address, in which he denies that he procured the arrest of Lieutenant-Governor Jacob, Colonel Wolford, Mr. P. R. Shipman (late of the Journal), and Mr. J. B. Huston; but declares that they all richly deserved it; that of the four, Mr. Shipman was "the most dangerous and disloyal"; and that the turning loose of the "turbulent, vindictive and disloyal" Lieutenant-Governor will prove one of the most dangerous and least deserving of all the cases in which Mr. Lincoln has exercised his clemency, "one of the strongest and grandest features of his noble character. Its exercise has cost Mr. Lincoln and all of us dear, but we will willingly pay the cost, and love him all the more."

The Exchange of prisoners.

The following is published from Major Mulford, the Federal agent of exchange:

Headquarters Army of James, February 22, 1865.
To the Agent of the Associated Press:
I will thank you to make the following announcement through the press: In consideration of a general exchange and speedy delivery of all prisoners held in the South, it is deemed inexpedient to forward after this date either funds or supplies to any person now in captivity. Such parcels or remittances as may have accumulated since the last shipment, or may hereafter arrive, will be returned to the shippers.

John E. Mulford,
Lieutenant-Colonel and
Assistant General of Exchange.


Lincoln has now nominated Hugh B. McCullogh for his Secretary of the Treasury.

The Senate of Kentucky has rejected the constitutional amendment abolishing slavery in the United States.

Major General Hooker is in Washington, to testify about his defeat at Chancellorsville.

The Toronto Globs states that Burley will be tried at Port Clinton, Ottawa county, Ohio, on the charge upon which he was extradited, namely: robbery.--If acquitted, he will have a safe convoy out of the United States, Mr. Seward having written to that effect to Mr. Russell, the United States district attorney at Detroit, who will conduct the prosecution. It is not yet known when the trial will commence. Lambert states that Burely is confined to his cell all the time, and does not look so well as when confined in the Toronto jail.

By order of Lincoln, Captain J. Y. Beall was to be executed on Friday, and there was very little, if any, chance of a further reprieve.

John. S. Meade, a son of Major General Meade, died in Philadelphia on the 22d instant.

A Lower Canada journal says: ‘Le Courier de St. Hyacinthe states that the number of Canadians who have enlisted since the beginning of the war is placed at 43,000. "’ Of this number, 35,000 were French Canadians, no less than 14,000 of whom have died on the battle-field.

The constitutional amendment abolishing and prohibiting slavery throughout the United States was, on Tuesday, adopted by the Legislature of Wisconsin. Seventeen States have now ratified it.

The steamer River Queen (formerly General Grant's headquarters boat) has been detailed for the use of Lincoln and the members of his Cabinet. The River Queen has been assigned a berth at the Seventh Street wharf, at Washington, where she will await orders.

A mass convention of "loyal Virginians" met at Alexandria, Virginia.--The object of the convention is to consider the condition of the State, and adopt measures for its relief from "rebel tyranny;" also, to discuss the "future course and policy of its restored Government."

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