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We have received copies of New York papers of the 24th instant (Friday). Gold, 199 3 4.

Fall of Wilmington, North Carolina--official announcement.

The following official announcement of the fall of Wilmington, North Carolina, is published in the Northern papers:

Washington, February 24.--The Navy Department has just received the following, dated United States flagship Malvern, Cape Fear river, February 22, via Fort Monroe, February 24, 9 A. M.:

"To Hon, Gideon Welles,
"Secretary of the Navy:
"I have the honor to inform you that Wilmington is in possession of our troops.

"David D. Porter,
"Rear Admiral."

A National salute is now being fired, by order of the War Department, in honor of the glorious news from Wilmington.

From the South--Mobile the Mexicans and Confederates.

The Yankee papers contain a good many dispatches from the Southwest. We copy some of them:

It is rumored and believed that General Hurlbut is preparing to establish the headquarters of the Department of the Gulf at Mobile. General Granger's expedition against that place is fully prepared, and no doubt exists that the city will be in our hands in less than two weeks.

General Baldy Smith has established his commission here to investigate the abuses of this department. Captain Mohler, quartermaster, and Provost-Marshal-General Robinson have already been arrested.

Commodore Palmer, commanding the West Gulf blockading squadron, with a fleet of about thirty vessels, mostly iron-clad, will leave for the waters of Mobile in a few days.

The draft, under General Canby's order, commenced to-day.

The Houston (Texas) Telegraph of the 8th instant publishes the correspondence between the rebel Colonel Pierson, commanding at San Antonio, and General Lopez, commanding the Emperor Maximilian's troops on the borders of the Rio Grande.

Colonel Pierson assures General Lopez that it is the desire of the rebel Government to cherish the most amicable relations with the Imperial Government of Mexico, and that the cordiality existing between them shall not be disturbed. He then thanks General Lopez for protecting the interests of the Southern Confederacy.

General Lopez replies, confessing that his sympathies are for the noble cause of the South, and extends to Colonel Pierson his sincere friendship. He adds: "Being placed in command of this military line, under His Majesty the Emperor Maximilian, the sons of the Confederacy can rely upon full security for their possessions and interests, and the Confederacy may also rest assured that the representatives of the Empire of Mexico along the border freely and frankly offer their friendship; also, full security that no raid will be permitted to organize on Mexican soil for the invasion of Southern territory."

The defences of Galveston are being improved and enlarged.

General Herron has arrived at Baton Rouge and assumed command of the Northern Division of Louisiana, including the district of Baton Rouge, Port Hudson and Morganzia.

His command extends on both sides of the Mississippi river, from Red river to Plaquemine.

The guerrillas are becoming trouble-some again on the Arkansas river, firing into passing boats and committing other outrages.

It is reported that they have burned the steamer Dane and captured the Fifty-sixth Indiana regiment.

The New Orleans Times says the French at Matamoras compliment the rebel flag and pass the American colors in contempt.

The capture of Generals Crook and Kelly.

A correspondent of the Baltimore American gives an interesting account of the capture, by McNeil, of Generals Crook and Kelly. He says:

‘ At half-past 2 o'clock a body of picked cavalry, seventy in number, mounted upon horses selected for the purpose, crossed the river at Brady's ferry, nine miles from Cumberland, they having traveled, during the afternoon and night, from beyond Moorefield, in Haray county, a distance of thirty-five or forty miles, and moved in the direction of Cumberland, on the road called the New Creek pike. Approaching the picket post, they were halted, and upon their answer to the challenge that they were friends, one was ordered to advance and give the countersign. While he was advancing, the pickets, who had mounted their horses, and had given notice of a party advancing, saw the main body quietly separating, and moving forward for the purpose of surrounding them. They at once commenced firing, but a sudden dash of the enemy overpowered and disarmed them. The inner post, consisting of infantry only, was captured in a similar manner, and was at once disarmed. The party rode, without halting, into the town, and quietly waited while two men each went forward, dismounted, to capture the guards in front of the headquarters of the two Generals.

’ These men succeeded in getting to the guards and disarming them, though both were watchful, and promptly challenged the advancing party, but in the darkness, the reply being "relief, " they were deceived, and were quickly quieted by threats. The mounted party coming up at this moment with led horses, hurried up to the rooms of the two Generals, and very quickly compelled them to dress, when, without further noise, they mounted their horses and left the town, striking a rapid pace immediately after getting out of the streets. No other captures were attempted except Captain Melvin, the adjutant-general of General Kelly, who was sleeping in the room adjoining General Kelly, and whom they were compelled to pass to get to the General's room.

No other persons were disturbed by them except the telegraph officer.

A few moments after, the officers of General Crook's staff, thinking they had heard footsteps, and fearing fire, got up, and finding the room open and the General gone, became suspicious, and upon inquiry, found General Kelly also missing; they went to the telegraph office and learned from the operator that the rebels had but that moment left.

Steps were immediately taken to repair the wires and put the lines in working order. This required about an hour. In the meantime, a body of forty horsemen, belonging to the escort of General Crook, were ordered out, and in one hour and twenty minutes started in pursuit. As soon as the wires were repaired, all the cavalry at New creek was ordered to meet and move for Romney and Moore-field, and, if possible, head the rebels off at one of these points; and were further ordered not to spare their horses, but to push forward with all possible haste.

General Sheridan, being notified, sent a body of cavalry at once from Winchester in pursuit. Thus everything was done within an hour and thirty minutes that could be done. The rebels rode rapidly; they had replenished their horses by fresh ones taken from stables during their short stay in town, and were ready for another long ride.

Our men were after them; but with an hour's start, and comparatively fresh horses, they succeeded in getting away. This is the plain story of the capture of Generals Crook and Kelly.

It was a bold and daring attempt, successfully carried out by men selected for the purpose, who came to capture the Generals, and, having captured them, rode quietly away. They called at the Adams House and inquired for General Hayes, but, finding that he was not there, left the house, though some other officers were there.

The Rejection by Kentucky of the constitutional amendment.

Kentucky refuses to ratify the "constitutional amendment" abolishing slavery. In the Senate, the minority report of Mr. Robinson, favoring the amendment on condition that compensation be made for the emancipated slaves, was rejected by a vote of twenty-four to nine; the House rejected the same report by a vote of sixty-two to twenty one. The majority report against the amendment was adopted in the Senate by twenty-one yeas to twelve nays; in the House by fifty eight yeas to twenty-six nays. The Legislature has saved its honor.

General Palmer is at Louisville, his headquarters for the present. In conversation, last night, he stated that he came to execute, vigorously and the roughly, the policy pursued heretofore by the Administration, and that neither party could use him to advance their own purposes. All forces for the defence of the State are to be mustered into the United States service, and to be under the control of the officers of that service. No more State troops will be allowed to be raised. The enlistment of negroes will be continued. It was inferred from his statements that he would carry out the policy of General Burbridge as far as necessary, and that the amplest protection would be offered to the Union men.

The oldest son of Rev. R. J. Breckinridge, Colonel R. J. Breckinridge, of the rebel service, was captured near Versailles, Kentucky, this afternoon.

Affairs in the Yankee Congress — touching tribute by Sumner to the memory of Judge Taney.

In the Yankee Senate, Thursday, Mr. Trumbull asked leave to take up the bill to procure a marble bust of the late Chief Justice Taney for the Supreme Court-room.

Mr. Sumner--I hope not. An emancipated country ought not to make a bust of the author of the Dred Scott decision.

Mr. Trumbull said Chief Justice Taney was not to be looked at in that way.

Mr. Sumner--Let me tell the Senator from Illinois that the name of Taney will be hooted down the page of history and an emancipated country will fasten upon him the stigma it deserves — a disgrace to the judiciary of the country and the age.

Mr. Johnson (Opposition), of Maryland, said he could not hear such remarks applied to the late eminent jurist without entering his protest against it. The Senator from Massachusetts should remember that Justice Taney was not alone in the decision — that a majority of the court concurred in it. Mr. Johnson then spoke of the high private and personal character of the late Chief Justice.

The resolution was taken up, and, after some remarks against it, Mr. Sumner moved to amend it by striking out the name of Roger B. Taney and inserting that of Joshua R. Giddings.

Mr. Trumbull said it was customary to place busts of the Chief Justices in the Supreme Court. Chief Justice Taney might have erred in his decisions; but he had great ability as a lawyer, and high personal and private character as a man.

Mr. Sumner then withdrew his amendment.

Mr. Hale (Republican), of New Hampshire, was opposed to the amendment, because the name of Judge Taney would always be associated with Dred Scott, and that of Dred Scott with Judge Taney. Believing this to be the fact, he would not vote for the appropriation of money to perpetuate the memory of the Dred Scott decision. The most that could be asked of the anti slavery men of the present day was that they be permitted to let the memory of Justice Taney rest.

Mr. Wilson (Republican), of Massachusetts, said he had no heart to follow any man to the grave; but he felt it his duty to vote against the resolution, and it seemed to him that the millions of this country who were horrified by the Dred Scott decision would be surprised to see the Senate of the United States voting honors to the author of that decision.--The nation was horrified eight years ago when that decision was produced, and since that time the Dred Scott decision had been the scorn of the country. It was an outrage on humanity, and the memory of it, with his, was unworthy a tribute of respect.

Mr. Wade (Republican), of Ohio, said it was useless to talk of the legal ability, &c., of Justice Taney. It would be better for his memory if he could be made out a fool. The higher the character for ability that was made out for him the worse his memory.

Pending the consideration of the subject, the Senate, at half-past 4, took a recess.

The House of Representatives resumed the consideration of the bill reported yesterday from the Committee on the Judiciary, that so much of the joint resolution explanatory of an act to suppress insurrection, punish treason and rebellion and confiscate the property of rebels, approved July 17, 1862, as prohibits the forfeiture of the real estate of rebels beyond their natural lives, be repealed, this act to take effect and be in force from and after its passage.

Mr. Cox (Opposition), of Ohio, moved to lay the bill on the table.

There was a tie vote on the motion of Mr. Cox, when the Speaker of the House gave his casting vote in the negative.

The bill was then passed by yeas, 72; nays, 71.

The case of Captain John Y. Beall.

The New York Herald contains the following about Captain John Y. Beall, whose murder is contemplated by the Federal authorities:

The execution of Captain Beall, the alleged rebel spy, is positively fixed for to day. The gallows upon which the unfortunate man will be compelled to expiate his guilt was sent over to Governor's island yesterday by order of General Dix, and everything was in readiness to carry out the extreme penalty of the law. The impression that Captain Beall was in some way connected with the incendiaries who attempted to burn down the city a few weeks ago, turns out to be entirely unfounded. There was no evidence to show that he was in any way connected with the gang.

The execution will take place between the hours of twelve and two o'clock.

The proceedings of the court-martial in the case of Beall, the rebel raider and spy, now under sentence of death at New York, have been referred to Judges Advocate-General Holt for examination and report. There is little probability of a commutation of his sentence, as if that should be done there would be no reason for the execution hereafter of such desperadoes, whatever might be their crimes.

Affairs in New York.

A letter from New York, dated the 23d instant, says:

‘ At a meeting of merchants of this city to-day, in Collector Draper's office, Moses Taylor presiding, it was resolved that measures be taken to duly celebrate the recent victories in a manner commensurate with the grandeur of the Union armies over the rebel hordes, and the appreciation felt by the people of this city and the country at the fact of the re-occupation of Charleston by our loyal brothers in arms, together with the fact that the flag of our country again floats over the walls of Fort Sumter, should be made apparent in a fitting manner.

’ It was voted to suspend business on the 4th of March next, and that the business community and people of the whole country from Calais, Maine, to San Francisco, California, be requested to unite in a fitting demonstration of joy on that day.

The Boards of Trade and Chambers of Commerce of the principal cities of the Union, including San Francisco, have signified their co-operation in this patriotic movement, and the 4th of March will, undoubtedly, be observed through-out the land as a day of jubilation and as the people's Union holiday.

The Savannah correspondent of the Commercial Advertiser states that the Union sentiment in Savannah is all "bosh," and that the cargoes of supplies sent from New York and Boston were one-sixth for free distribution, and that the remaining five- sixths was sold on account of the owners of the ships and certain privileged merchants.

Treatment of the conquered Confederates--Handsome offer.

The New York Times has an article on subjugation, which ought to have a place all to itself. It is the most refreshing instance of Yankee impudence that we have seen since the war. It says:

‘ We hear a great deal every day about the necessity for punishing the Southern leaders, and some persons go so far as to propose the outlawry of everybody in the Confederacy who has held any higher rank in its service than that of colonel. But it may be laid down as a rule, dictated not simply by humanity and Christianity, but by sound policy, that no punishments whatever ought to be inflicted on anybody, except such as are plainly called for by a prudent regard for our own safety. With those who wish to legislate, or put the existing law in force for mere purposes of vengeance, it is scarcely worth while to argue. The spectacle of a whole people thirsting for vengeance on a large body of their own countrymen, and seeking it through acts of Congress, is a barbarous and repulsive one, repugnant to the spirit of the age, and hostile to civilization. To suffer anything of the sort to be enacted on American soil, in our day, would prove that we had retrograded instead of advanced.

’ There are a number of persons in the rebellious States who have been actively engaged both in getting up the insurrection and carrying it on, whose position with regard to it is such as to make it quite certain that they can never settle down again into peaceable citizens of the United States, and would never, if we allowed them to return quietly to their homes, cease to kick against the authority of the Government and intrigue for its overthrow. Against these men the vigorous enforcement of the law is imperatively called for in the interest of social order; but we sincerely trust that the list even of these will be made as small as possible, and that the rest of the population will be let alone. No penal measures whatever, as regards them, we may feel quite satisfied, will be necessary to prevent the repetition of the attempt of which we are now witnessing the failure. The fullest punishment for their offences, whatever they may have been, has been already inflicted in the prosecution of this war. There is something puerile in talking of administering further chastisement for a crime which has already caused the slaughter or maiming of two or three hundred thousand of those engaged in it, and the desolation of almost a third of their territory. With what power can we arm either courts or police that will impress the imagination of men and women like those of the South, who have lived through the horrors of the last four years?

And we ought to beware, above all things, of harassing them with the presence of great swarms of officials, most of whom will doubtless, at least for a while, have to be Northerners. For a few years, after the war the Southern people will be morbidly sensitive to whatever reminds them of their defeat and those among us who are opposed to all attempts to respect this susceptibility, only show how little they have learnt from history, and how little they know of human nature. One great aim should be to avoid all unnecessary display of force. We shall be bound to protect the emancipated blacks and Northern or loyal inhabitants, and see that the judgments of United States courts are carried into execution; but all interference with the ordinary working of local law, and the ordinary management of local affairs, ought to be strenuously guarded against. There are other ways than these, which we recom

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