We have received Northern papers of Monday, March 6th. Gold, on Saturday, was quoted at 199 1-2.
Sheridan's movements — reports of Deserters.
The only intelligence contained in the Yankee
papers about Sheridan
's movements in Northern Virginia
is derived from "deserters and refugees." They publish the following dispatches on the subject:
The following dispatches, in relation to the reported defeat and capture of General Early
by General Sheridan
, and the capture of Charlottesville
, have been received at this Department:
and his forces commenced their movement last Monday, and were at Staunton
when last heard from.
was placed in charge of the Middle Military Division during the absence of General Sheridan
's headquarters at Winchester
Deserters in this morning report that Sheridan
had routed Early
and captured Charlottesville
They report four regiments having gone from here to reinforce General Early
Deserters from every part of the enemy's lines confirm the capture of Charlottesville, Virginia
, by General Sheridan
They say he captured General Early
and nearly his entire force, consisting of eighteen thousand men. Four brigades are reported as sent to Lynchburg
to get there before Sheridan
Refugees confirm the statement of deserters as to the capture of General Early
and nearly his whole force.
They say it took place on Thursday last, between Staunton
, and that his defeat was total.
The reader will readily perceive how little of truth there is in the foregoing.
Commenting on this news, the New York Herald
, editorially, remarks:
Thus, as indicated in the news now published, every day brings us nearer to the final issue of our recent and rapid succession of victories.
Gradually the armies of the nation are enveloping the centre and last stronghold of the rebellion.
, with the veterans of the West
, is sweeping up from the South
, driving the enemy irresistibly before him; Sheridan
now pours down from the North
, directly menacing the last resource of the enemy by the Lynchburg railroad; and Canby
, ere this, is brushing away what remains of the rebellion in Alabama
The days of Richmond
and the rebel Confederacy are verily numbered.
also publishes a map of Northern Virginia
, which it heads as follows: ‘"Capture of the Rebel General Early
's New Movement up the Shenandoah
— Its Success — The Race for Lynchburg
— Tightening of the Lines
A correspondent of the Herald,
writing from Winchester
, March 3d, gives the following about the setting out of Sheridan
I am authorized to announce the fact that, on Monday, the 27th ultimo, a large cavalry force left this Department on an expedition up the Valley
The expedition was well equipped, commanded in person by General Sheridan
and his subordinates, Generals Merrit
No information has been received from this army since it left here.
The same writer adds something about an alleged conspiracy to capture General Sheridan
A few days ago, three Winchester
families, by the names of Sherrard
and Bunell, were sent without our lines on the charge of disloyalty.
It is alleged they conspired together to get up a sociable ball, to which General Sheridan
was to be an invited guest, and that during its progress a detachment of Mosby
's guerrillas was to seize the General
, take him captive, and convey him to Richmond
, a la Kelley
The plan was frustrated, and the ladies (!) who concocted it are now in full communion with those for whom they have exhibited such a warm sympathy.
A few days ago, a scouting party under the command of Sergeant Mulligan
, went up the Valley
on special duty.
On their return they were met by a body of guerrillas, who attacked them, killing a scout by the name of Hall
, and severely wounding private Goff
, of the Seventeenth Pennsylvania cavalry.
The affair took place near Middletown
, thirteen miles south of this town.
An order has been issued discontinuing furloughs to officers and enlisted men. This looks like an early resumption of active military operations.
A dispatch from Philadelphia
, to the Baltimore American
of Monday afternoon, gives the following, which is all the Northern
papers have from Sherman's field of operations:
The United States
steam transport Massachusetts
She reports that our naval forces captured Fort White
, a splendid work, mounting seventeen heavy guns, situated just below Georgetown, South Carolina
; after which the sailors and marines landed and captured Georgetown
The rebel cavalry made a charge on them in the streets, but were gallantly repulsed, with a loss of several killed and wounded and some prisoners.
Our loss was one man killed, belonging to the navy.
's flagship Harvest Moon
, on her way down, was sunk by a torpedo.
All hands were saved excepting the ward room steward.
A dispatch from Fortress Monroe
, dated the 4th, says:
arrived here yesterday afternoon from Cape Fear river
, and proceeded hence to Washington
The steamer Cumberland
arrived here this morning from Wilmington, North Carolina
, which place she left on the 2d instant with about four hundred Union prisoners, captured by our forces at the taking of Wilmington
The report of a portion of General Sherman
's army having reached Wilmington
proves to have been incorrect.
, when last heard from, had advanced with a portion of our forces some ten miles from Wilmington
, but nothing more than slight skirmishes had taken place between bands of guerrillas, who endeavored to cut off and capture the supplies sent out from Wilmington
Nothing of Sherman
's movements was known at Wilmington
The army of the Potomac Stuck in the mud.
A telegram from City Point
, dated March 4th, gives the following meagre account of the operations in this direction:
For three days past the weather has been rainy almost beyond precedent.--This, added to what had fallen before, has rendered the roads as nearly impassable as mud can make them.
The depth of the latter is fabulous.
Nothing like it has been experienced this winter.
As I write, the rain continues to fall in torrents.
Everything animate and inanimate has a dreary, sombre cast, altogether depressing.
boast largely of the arrivals of deserters.
A dispatch says:
Deserters continue to come into our lines in large numbers, fifty-six having arrived to-day, nearly all bringing their arms and equipments with them, for which they are to be paid.
The number of muskets received from deserters since February 22 is two hundred and forty, all of them in good order.
In addition to the usual stories told by these men, they say that two companies from each regiment of several brigades have been detailed from the army defending Petersburg
and sent to hunt up deserters, thousands of whom are said to be scattered through the country, endeavoring to reach their homes.
This is particularly the case with the North
and South Carolina
troops, who are sick and tired of the contest, and anxious to join their families now within our lines.
These men are principally veterans of three and four years service, and many of them are those lately exchanged.
All of them being refused furloughs, and not paid for a long time, nor any prospect of getting any soon, they took "French leave."
The following is from the Army of the James:
The enemy are just now indulging nightly in a heavy fire upon the extreme right of our lines, picketed by the cavalry division commanded by Brigadier-General Kantz
The enemy fire for the purpose of slaying their deserters in fleeing to our lines; while we do not return the fire, owing to our knowledge of its intent.
The rebels, coming to us in large flocks, say they are the true peace commissioners.
From the following, dated March 4th, it appears that there has been a slight skirmish on the James
About seven o'clock last evening a heavy discharge of artillery from the banks of the river gave rise to considerable excitement throughout the corps.
For a long time we have expected the advent of Semmes
, the Alabama
pirate, and the rapid discharge from heavy guns led all to believe that at last the rebel fleet had determined to repeat the attempt which before proved a failure, and were dropping down the stream to carry out their programme of sinking our vessels and destroying our supplies at Jones
's Neck, City Point
Couriers were sent in the proper direction to obtain information, and in a short time it was known that the fire was occasioned by a picket boat of the enemy.
It seems that this boat has been in the habit of dropping down every night past our pickets and establishing itself almost within a stone throw of Fort Brady
To prevent a further exhibition of this audacity on the part of the enemy, our pickets were throw out to Graveyard bend, with orders to fire on the boat if she again attempted to drop down the river.
As soon, therefore, as she made her appearance behind the bend last evening, she received a heavy musketry fire from the picket, which must have proved fatal to some of the crew.
A bombardment immediately commenced, which was, however, confined entirely to the enemy, who opened from one of their land batteries and from their gunboat.
has a very long description of Lincoln
's inauguration, from which we select the following:
, negroes, justices, secretaries
, diplomats and people generally tumbled upon the platform pell mell.
retired to the left at some distance from the President
, and sat down together.
They seemed very friendly.
had his arm around Seward
's neck, and constantly whispered in his ear. Welles
sat by himself, and nobody spoke to him. Andy Johnson
talked to everybody.
Chief Justice Chase
sat erect and dignified, evidently reflecting that he ought to be in Lincoln
stood prominently forward, as if to attract attention.
Negroes excluded ladies from the rear of the platform.
Every black face beamed with joy and pride.
were in sight.
and captains were as plentiful as roses in June.
The President smiled to himself and seemed greatly to enjoy the sunshine which now streamed upon him. He was dressed in black, with a plain frock coat
In his hand he held a printed copy of his inaugural address.
The marshals of the day were grouped around the President
, swelling with pride, and often excluding him from sight.--The planks of the platform were wet, and the airy position rather chilly.
The bands played away most lustily, and their "Hail to the Chief
" could scarcely be stopped.
From the platform, nothing could be seen but a sea of faces below and a sea of mud beyond; but from the crowd that stood patiently below in the mire, a much more splendid scene was presented.
The platform, with the flow of Senators
, diplomats and other dignitaries, who came from within the Capitol
to witness the taking of the Presidential oath, and every other part of the east face of the edifice, also, at once became alive with humanity.
All the windows were filled with ladies, and the steps and esplanade at the north wing presented the same dense crowd that the central steps did, while on the unfinished parts of the south wing, on all the scaffolding, hundreds of soldiers had clambered up, and decorated all that part with the army blue.
As these masses settled into comparative order, and the mass of people on the parade below had also become still, the President
was seen in the centre of the central group, with Chief Justice Chase
and some of the other Chief Justices
, in their gowns, seated on his left.
As the President
came forward, there was a cheer, but not a great one, and at the same time the sun burst through the clouds, and, though pretty well to the south, lighted up the whole east face very brilliantly.
at that moment was magnificent.
At about 1 o'clock, the bands being at last hushed, the President
rose and stepped forward to the reading desk.
He was greeted with faint applause; indeed, there was no enthusiasm throughout the address.
It was not strictly an inaugural address, since it was read before Mr. Lincoln
took the oath.
It was more like a valedictory.
The President read in a very loud, clear voice, and hundreds of the audience could hear it.
During the delivery of the speech, Stanton
were remarkably attentive, rising and bending forward to listen.
The crowd kept pushing nearer and nearer the platform.
smiled superciliously at the frequent Scriptural quotations.
Negroes ejaculated "bress de Lord
, " in a low murmur, at the end of almost every sentence.
Beyond this there was no cheering of any consequence.
Even the soldiers did not hurrah much.
The statement that "the progress of our arms is, I trust, reasonably satisfactory and encouraging to all, " met with no response, although the President
The declaration that we accepted the war rather than let the nation perish drew the first cheer.
The remark that slavery would cease with the war was applauded.
The satirical observation that men asked God's assistance in wringing bread from other men's faces caused a half laugh.
These were the only marks of approbation until the close of the address.
After a brief pause, the President
and Chief Justice
rose together, and the oath of office was administered.
The voice of the Chief Justice
was inaudible, but the workings of his countenance could be distinctly seen as he labored to be impressive.
Then there was a cheer, and the President
came forward and bowed and smiled.
During the whole ceremony he looked unusually handsome.
When delivering his speech, his face glowed with enthusiasm, and he evidently felt every word that he uttered.
Cries for Andy Johnson
There was a momentary delay, and then the Vice-President
presented himself and waved both hands.
There were calls of "Speech," "Speech," and some applause when Andy appeared.
He rubbed his red face with his hands, as if to clear up his ideas, but did not succeed, and said nothing.
A lane was then opened through the crowd on the platform, and the Presidential party retired into the Capitol
, amid the thunders of the artillery in Capitol square and the music of the bands.
The firing of the salute began the moment the President
had taken the oath, and before the salute was over the assemblage began to disperse.
Sumner gives a "respectable-looking colored gentleman" the Cold Shoulder.
An interesting scene took place while the Senators
were waiting the return of the Vice- President
. Messrs. Sumner
were standing in close proximity to each other, earnestly conversing, when a respectable-looking colored gentleman, with cane in his hand and a bundle of papers under his arms, approached the group.
He bowed very cordially to Senator Sumner
, who returned the nod somewhat coldly; and much to the disappointment of those who witnessed the scene, did not rush frantically forward to his embrace.
seemed busy arranging the papers on his desk, and this occupation lasted so long that the colored gentleman, who was supposed to be the new Supreme Court counsellor, had time to try his politeness upon the other Senators
in the group.
He met with no better success in that quarter.
Nothing daunted, he again pushed for Senator Sumner
's desk, apparently thinking that he should be all right the moment he confronted that Senator
In this he was disappointed.
received him with an air of coolness, turned his back upon his colored friend, and immediately addressed, with cordial welcome, one of his white constituents.
The aforesaid negro beginning to think he had found his way into the wrong place, left, somewhat chopfallen, and marched out of the hall, muttering something about the glory of being a negro.
In the meantime, the windows on the east and north side of the building were filled with ladies holding their skirts down, with umbrellas, and watching the procession as it passed by on its return to the White House
How the Niggers were Treated.
The people who poured out of the Capitol
were swallowed up in the crowd outside like a drop in the ocean.
Men, women and children were all mixed together and covered with mud. The mud of Washington
has been previously mentioned in this report; but the wading through it to get away from the Capitol
was the worst part of the performance.
Everybody was knee-deep at least. --Such pushing and crowding and jamming.