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The mail yesterday brought us Raleigh papers of Friday last, the 24th:

The situation.

The Progress says it is generally understood that Sherman and Schofield have effected a junction at Goldsboro', and adds:

‘ "What the situation of the two opposing armies in this vicinity is, we know not. There are many rumors, with which it is useless to burden our columns; but we think it our duty, as a journalist, to say to those who intend leaving, in the event the enemy reach Raleigh, that they had better go at once. Their departure can do no harm, at least. We hear of no fighting since Sunday, except some little skirmishing."

The strength of Sherman's army.

The following statement of the strength of Sherman's army was found in the headquarters of one of his generals after its owner had left. This represents its strength without Schofield's troops, which have since joined it:

‘ "No field-pieces over 22-pounders.--Aggregate of field-pieces, 96.

"Corps Commanders.--Fourteenth corps, Jeff. Davis; Fifteenth corps, Logan; Seventeenth corps, Blair; Twentieth corps, Williams; right wing, Howard; left wing, Slocum.

"Twentieth corps--10,000 strong; six four-gun batteries, in small field-pieces.

"Fourteenth corps--9,000 strong; six four-gun batteries.

"Fifteenth corps--13,000 strong; six four-gun batteries.

"Seventeenth corps--10,000 strong; six four-gun batteries.

"Each regiment averages 200 men; each brigade, 800 men; each division, 3,000; each corps, 12,000. The whole army, 42,000."

The destruction at Fayetteville.

Governor Vance has received a letter, in which a reliable statement of the destruction at and near Fayetteville, North Carolina, is given. The writer says:

‘ "All the arsenal buildings burned, Fayetteville Observer office burned, W. B. Wright's residence burned, C. B. Mallet's residence burned, Mrs. Banks's residence burned, Branch Bank of the State of North Carolina burned, two warehouses occupied by the Rockfish Company burned, court-house and jail burned, all the cotton factories burned.

"John Waddell was killed on his plantation, about four miles east of Fayetteville. None of the citizens of Fayetteville were killed. John T. McLean, W. T. Horne and Major Hawly were all hung, to extort from them where their valuables were hid, but were taken down uninjured. It is reported that about four hundred negroes and whites were drowned in Cape Fear river in endeavoring to escape with the Yankees, either from the sinking of a flat or the Yankee officers cutting the pontoons loose.

"Private residences, after being plundered, were guarded, to 'protect' them."

The battle of Bentonville.

A letter from Bentonville, March 20th, gives the following about the defeat of the enemy there the day before:

‘ "The fight yesterday was successful. I was on the right, and saw Bate's and Cleburne's divisions charge and carry two lines of breastworks, driving the enemy two miles. Hill, commanding Lee's corps, and Loring, commanding Stewart's corps, did similarly on the left. The troops fought gallantly. General Bate commanded Cheatham's corps; Brigadier General Reynolds, of Arkansas, lost a leg; Colonel Talbert, commanding Loring's division, was badly wounded; Colonel Keenan, of the Florida brigade, also lost a leg; Major Wilkinson, commanding Tyler's brigade, was killed."

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