We have received New York papers of Friday, the 24th instant. Gold, 151 1-8.
"no New proclamation — no New terms."The New York Times is afraid that Lincoln will issue some new proclamation, offering more "terms" to the Confederates. It says, under the above heading: ‘ The Tribune again raises the cry for a proclamation of the President presenting overtures to the rebels. It declares that the Southern people must now be fully satisfied that a Southern Confederacy is impossible, and that an offer of liberal terms would probably detach them from their leaders, and bring them back to the Union without further bloodshed. It considers that the proclamation should particularly set forth the Presidential policy on the six following points: Union, Amnesty, Confiscation, Emancipation, Reconstruction, Representation in Congress. ’ We have no idea that the Tribune will be gratified. The President has already said all that he can say, and all that is needed. The Southern people, as a body, perfectly well understand what he has declared from the beginning, that they can have peace by submitting to the Constitution and laws, and on no other condition. They also understand that so far as he has any discretion in the premises, his policy is generous. In none of the Southern cities that have recently come into our possession-- Savannah, Charleston, Wilmington — has there been a necessity for any effort to dispel misapprehensions concerning the disposition of the Government.--The readiness of the people to bestow their confidence, proved that all the lying of the rebel press concerning an intention of President Lincoln to grind and ruin them has cased to have the slightest effect. The thousands who have deserted from the rebel armies, without a single misgiving concerning the treatment they were to receive, are witnesses of the same fact. It is absurd to guage Southern intelligence upon this point by the mendacity of the rebel prints. The white man is not more obtuse than the negro, and the latter was not deceived by all the assertions that the Yankees, if they got hold of them, would sell them to Cuban masters. No conciliatory language that President Lincoln could use would hasten the submission of the Southern people one single hour. What is needed, and all that is needed, is the dispersion of the rebel armies, and the breaking up of the civil organization of the rebellion by the arrest of its leaders and managers.--This is the province of the strong arm, not of the bland tongue. If the Tribune means that the military and civil chiefs of this rebellion should be asked to submit with an offer of full amnesty and condonation, it is wide of the mark. Such an offer would probably only be laughed at by the men to whom it was addressed; and certainly it would not be tolerated by the loyal sentiment of the country. After these men have once submitted, the disposition that shall be made of them may become a serious question; but, most assuredly, they will get no bribe or personal promise in advance as an inducement to submission. The Government will not bargain with men who are striking at its life. It will vindicate its authority and establish its power first of all. When that is done, the time will come for determining what shall be accorded to justice and what to mercy. The lesson that must go into history for all coming generations is, that under our Constitutional system, rebellion is not a paying business, but the reverse — that the Government, as the organ of the Constitution, has both the power and the will to make good the supremacy of the Constitution, and the binding force of all laws duly enacted under it. This principle is on the eve of a complete vindication. It only wants the rounding off of military work, which, at most, will occupy but little more time. When this is consummated, the rebellion will be no longer a living thing. Submission will take its place, and the President will be left free to adapt himself to a new situation.--The wisdom of the policy which will follow, needs no better guarantee than the grand result of that policy which has governed him from the first blaze of the rebellion, and which will govern him to its last spark.
Government has received intelligence that, on Sunday last, General Sherman's army entered Goldsboro', North Carolina. His march was unopposed. ’ The two armies of Sherman and Schofield have formed a junction. The Republican extra further says Sherman's present command is sufficiently formidable to confront Lee's whole army in the open field, without the assistance of Grant, and no force that the rebels may raise can impede Sherman's triumphant march northward. A special from Washington, to the Evening Telegraph, says a messenger arrived, with news from General Sherman to Monday, via City Point. Goldsboro' was occupied by our forces on Sunday, and the army moved immediately in pursuit of the enemy. Refugees all report that Johnston is moving to Richmond to join Lee, and that his army is really unfit for heavy fighting, and that Hope's troops are the only men that can be relied upon. Raleigh will be captured with but little, if any, fighting. General Sheridan is off on another raid. It is said that he will intercept Johnston in his retreat. The Army of the Potomac is believed to be advancing west. A great battle is expected soon. A letter from Newbern says: ‘ The Neuse river is navigable for vessels of light draft as far as Goldsboro', but during the war none of our vessels have penetrated higher than Kinston, where the railroad bridge, which was without a draw, obstructed further progress. The completion of the railroad from Kinston to Goldsboro' together with the navigation of the Neuse to Kinston, will fully supply both Sherman and Schofield. ’ Both Beaufort and Newbern will be made bases of supplies. The steamer Euterpe sailed to day for Beaufort with a cargo of clothing for Sherman's army. Quartermaster-General Meigs was a passenger on board.
General Grant's plans.A letter in the New York News says: ‘ If it is true, as has been stated, that General Grant has kept himself fully informed of Lee's movement, and fully understands the strategy the enemy is employing, he will most likely move his left against the Southside railroad, in order to compel the evacuation of Petersburg first, and endeavor to intercept Lee's flight from Richmond, if successful in the former movement, If General Sherman can take care of himself without General Grant's assistance, the latter can doubtless succeed in the movement, and thus the rebel army can be disposed of in detail. The first step to be taken, however, is to get Lee out of his entrenchments, either by drawing him out by a flanking movement against some vital point, such as the Southside road, or by driving him out by an assault in which the fleet may take part. As long as Lee remains in his intrenched lines he is a formidable adversary, and his position, with two lines of railroad — as far as Burkesville at least — over which to operate, is such as to require the most vigilant watchfulness to penetrate. As he is now situated, he can so mask his designs as to transport half his army out of Richmond, and precipitate it against Sherman almost before the movement can be discovered. ’ It is reasonable to suppose that General Grant would require the aid of a strong cavalry force to assist him in the execution of the plans for the active campaign. Sheridan therefore joined him, after having carried out his instructions in making the recent raid, and is now said to be in the saddle again, but this time for the double purpose of opening communication with Sherman and raiding upon such important strategic points as Burkesville and others. The latter part of his mission will probably partake more of the character of a reconnaissance, to uncover the designs and movements of the enemy than to attempt the capture of any point. He is one of the boldest riders of the day, and whatever is given him to do, that he will accomplish.
General Thomas says, in his official report, that from September 7th to January 20th, five and a half months, his captures numbered about 13,189 men, including seven general and 1,000 other officers, and 72 pieces of artillery. Over 2,000 deserters were received, and a great deal of valuable ammunition and other war material was captured. Our own losses of all sorts are under 10,000.