The British army and navy.
The British army and navy estimates for the year 1865-'66 have just been announced.
the cost of the army is £14,348,447, a reduction of £495,000 from last year; of the navy, £10,392,224, a decrease of £316,000.
Total estimates for the military and naval establishments for the coming year, £24,740,671, or, in American currency, $123,703,355.
The small-arms establishment has risen from £162,000 to £172,000, and the royal laboratory from £243,000 to £293,000; but the cost of the gunpowder factory has been cut down from £81,000 to £34,200.
Another £10,000 is asked this year for the fortifications of the Mauritius, and with £9,000 more, it is said, the works will be completed.--But there are other works which are only just begun.
A sum of £35,000 is included in this year's estimates as the first installment of £260,000 to be spent on the fortification of the Bermuda
; a sum of £50,000 as a first installment of £200,000 on the defences of Quebec
; and the estimate cost of the defences of Nova Scotia
, upon which £43,500 have been already expended, has risen to £190,000.
In the naval estimates, a million of dollars are appropriated for the completion of the iron- clads El Toussin
and El Monassir
, which have cost heavily already.
The officers and seamen in the navy number 38,000.
There are also 7,000 boys in the service, and 7,000 men in the coast- guard service, against 7,500 last year, making the total 52,000.--The marines number 17,000, namely, 8,000 for service afloat, and 9,000 for service on shore, being 1,000 less than in 1864-'5.
The civilians for the coast-guard service are 750 against 950, leaving the total force in the fleet and coast-guard service 69,750, against 71,950 last year.
The navy consists of 540 vessels, classified as follows:
Steamships, 445, of which 357 are screw and 88 paddle; 26 screw ships are building; 69 effective sailing ships are afloat; making the total of steam and sailing ships 540.
The building of 3 line-of-battle ships I corvette, 4 gun vessels and 4 gunboats is suspended.
The classes into which these vessels are divided, deducting those which are suspended, are as follows: Screws — armor-plated ships, iron, third-rates, afloat, 6, building 3; ditto, iron, fourth-rates, afloat, 2; ditto, wood, third-rates, afloat, 6, building, 1; ditto, wood, fourth-rates, afloat, 1; armor-plated cupola-ships, fourth-rates, afloat 4; ditto, corvettes, wood; sixth-rates, afloat, 1, building, 1; ditto, sloops, wood; afloat, 2; ditto, gunboats, iron, building, 3; ditto, floating batteries, iron, afloat, 3; ditto ditto, wood, afloat, 2; ships of the line, afloat, 55; frigates, afloat, 37, building, 1; block ships, afloat, 8; corvettes, afloat, 26; sloops, afloat, 35, building 3; gun vessels, afloat, 37; gunboats, afloat, 105, building, 2; tenders, tugs, &c., afloat, 7; mortar ships, afloat, 4; troops and store ships, afloat, 15; yachts, afloat, 1.
Paddle.--Frigates, afloat, 6; sloops, afloat, 19; small vessels, afloat, 13; dispatch vessels, afloat, 4; tenders, tugs, &c., afloat, 40; troop and store ships, afloat, 1; yachts, afloat, 5.