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it is our purpose to furnish our readers regularly with reports of the state of the Richmond markets. The difficulty of performing this task is by no means inconsiderable. While there is a good deal of uniformity in the retail prices, the wholesale prices are affected in so great a degree by the large sales held by the extensive auction houses that quotations made by any of them indicate rather the rates at which the goods are offered privately than the sales made by auction; so that, though it may be true of any given article that it is held at a certain price, yet it does not follow that the same article was not sold by auction on the very day the quotation was made for a higher or lower price. And, indeed, sales by auction in former times were not taken into the account, for the sufficient reason that they constitute but a small proportion of the entire sales. "but we have changed all that." the largest houses in the city — or, rather, we should say, some of the largest — have regular sale days, and "knock down" to the highest bidder immense quantities, not only of such articles as were formerly so disposed of, but of staple goods. It is true that many of them are like silver and gold in their purchasing capacity, and always bring just about the Market price; yet, as half a cent per pound on sugar, or a cent per pound on coffee, is accounted a good margin for a wholesale dealer's profit, and as this difference between private and auction sales frequently occur, the reporter of the markets will often find that his reports of the markets are supposed by the trade not to be exactly accurate. Again, dealers from the interior, where competition is not so pressing as to compel them to hesitate long before bidding a cent per pound, or yard, or dozen, frequently give a decidedly upward tendency to such articles as they need by making bids which alarms the retailers in the city and its neighborhood. Of course we cannot report these unusual fluctuations in prices. Our reports will be of prices at which the articles named are sold privately in the regular way of trade; and we shall try to make them reliable.

the money Market.--here, as elsewhere, gold has declined since the policy of the Treasury was developed; but that decline has not rendered the money Market any easier. Whether caused by "the supposition that the sub-treasury is supplying a large amount" of gold in the open Market, or by any other cause whatsoever, the lower price of gold seems here merely to indicate the higher price of good paper. Those who advocate usury laws would hardly believe us if we should tell them that here in this city, where the law prohibits the taking of more than six per cent, as interest, good substantial paper is exchanged for greenbacks less from two to five per cent, a month. The fact is, money is scarce — very scarce — and timid people always make it more scarce by unusual and unnecessary precautionary measures. We are hopeful, and would fain believe that our business men will not be affected by a temporary scarcity. But a truce to our speculation; we proceed to quote wholesale prices, where not otherwise specified.

  • Tobacco.--Common lugs, $5@$7; good lugs, $8@$10; common leaf, $10@$12; good leaf, $18@$26; good stems, $3.50@$6; fine shipping, $25@$30. No fancy light wrapping in market. Manufactured.--Extra old pounds (tax paid), $50@$80; fine old pounds (tax paid), $15@$60; medium old pounds (tax paid), $25@$40; sweet old half pounds (tax paid), $50@$80; sweet old tens (tax paid), $60@$70.
  • Apples.--per barrel, $7; dried, per lb, 12 cents.
  • Peaches.--Dried, per lb, peeled, 22@25 cents.
  • Cherries.--Seeded, 25@31 cents per lb.
  • Flour.--Virginia Family, $13@$14; Extra, $11¾@$12½ Superfine, $9½@$10½. Northern Family, $13; Extra, $10½ Superfine, $9½@$10.
  • Buckwheat.--5½@6 cents for Virginia; 7 cents for Northern.
  • Corn Meal.--Bolted, $1.10; unbolted, $1@$1.10.
  • Corn.--85 cents.
  • Wheat.--No quotations.
  • Hay.--$1.20@$1.30.
  • Whisky.--Common, $2.10@$2.15; pure Rye, $2.40@$3.20.
  • Holland Gin.--$3@$4.
  • Wine.--Port, $2.50@$3.
  • London Porter.--$2.75@$3.25 per dozen.
  • Brandy.--French, $3.52@$6.50; Philadelphia, $2.40@$2.75.
  • Kerosine Oil.--$1 per gallon.
  • Bacon.--Sides, 20¼@20½c.; hams, 25@30; shoulders, 18½@19½c.
  • Lard.--Prime, 29@30; leaf lard ("so-called" and branded, but, in reality, pressed,) 23@25
  • Salt.--Liverpool, $4 per sack.
  • Butter.--35@45 per lb. In market, pound rolls, 60
  • Molasses.--Common syrup, which is a good name applied to a bad article, 50@55; genuine golden syrup $1.10@$1.20 per gallon; Cuba and Muscovado molasses, 65
  • Cheese.--Northern and Western, 20@21; English dairy, 25@30
  • Irish Potatoes.--$3.25@$3.50 per barrel.
  • Coffee.--Rio, 31@32; Laguayra, 35@36; Java, 42@45
  • Sugar.--Brown, 13@15; extra "C" and "B," 18½@19½c.; crushed and pulverized, 20½@21
  • Teas.--Black, 65@$1.45--the last a prime article; imperial, $1.25@$1.50; gunpowder; $2@$2.25.
  • Rice.--12
  • Candles.--Adamantine, light weight, 30; full weight, 32; tallow, 21@a22; parafine, 45
  • Soap.--Common, 9@10; best washing soap, 12
  • Powder.--$10.50 per keg of 25 lbs.
  • Shot.--$3.75@$4 per bag of 25 lbs.
  • Vinegar.--Cider, 50; manufactured, 40
  • Cider.--Apple, 50 per gallon.
  • Fish.--Herrings, $8@$8.50 per barrel — some $9; mackerel, No, 1, $19@$20; No. 2, $17.50; No. 3, $15.50; mess shad, in kits, $3.
  • Leather.--Sole leather, oak, 40@45; sole leather, hemlock, 28@43; upper, 40@45; kip, per dozen, $50@$80; harness, 30@35; calf skins. French, $50@$60; domestic, $30@$40
  • Wool.--Unwashed. 40@45; washed, 57@65
  • Venison.--Green, per lb, 12½c@16
  • Beef.--From store, 9 per lb.
  • Pork.--From store, 14 per lb.
  • Peas.--Black-eyed, $1.25 per bushel.
  • Dry Goods.--Prints, 30@35; cassimere, 95@$1; silks, $2.25@$3; sheetings, 33@35; sheetings. New York mills, 55@60; ginghams, 30; cambrics, 25@30; cotton flannels, brown and bleached, 45@60; flannels, and wool, 40@42½c.; hoop skirts, per dozen. 15 springs, $11@$12; 20 springs, $15@$17.50; 30 springs, $18@$20; balmorals, per dozen, $24@$45.

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