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The notion of wiping out the United States is not peculiar to Lamartine. It seems to be a pet with the French poets. Chateaubriand broached it nearly fifty years ago, when the Holy Alliance was all-powerful in Europe, and had kindly taken every nation's concerns into its own hands. Poets may be excused if concessions a little too flighty for realization sometimes break out, since they live in an imaginary world, and are not supposed to be very conversant with matters of fact. But on the former occasion Chateaubriand was not the only man who thought it would be convenient to get rid of the troublesome republic: Pozze dr Borgo, the grim Corsican Senator and Russian General and Counsellor, strenuously advised his master, Alexander I., to the same effect. The subject was even whispered at the Congress of Laybach; but it came to nothing. If the thing was to be done at all, then would have been the time to do it. It has been deferred until it is too late.

The New York Times insists upon it that if Napoleon fail to reward Lamartine, Maximilian shall give him the reversion of the first gold mine that may be abandoned in his new empire. If the gift come not very soon, we fear poor Max will have nothing to give. The signs seem to be very strong against him, at least. They indicate a sudden departure, as surely as the ringing of the bell announces the arrival of the hour for the train to leave. Not that he will leave without a struggle, and a desperate one--a struggle in which he will be backed by France and Austria, and probably by the new kingdom of Italy also. But the intervention of these Powers, while it may delay, cannot, we think, avert the catastrophe. So that if Max has any gold mine to give, he had best give it at once.

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