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From Washington.

Washington, December 19.
--The President to-day, in reply to a resolution of the Senate of the 12th instant, communicated a message to that body stating that the rebellion waged by a portion of the people against the properly constituted authorities of the Government has been suppressed, and that the United States are in possession of every State in which the insurrection existed, and that, as far as could be done, the courts of the United States have been restored, the post-offices re-established, and steps taken to put into efficient action the revenue tax of the country.

He says that, as the result of the measures instituted by the Executive, with the view of inducing an assumption of all of the functions of the States, the people of North and South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee have organized their respective State Governments, and are quietly yielding obedience to the laws and Government of the United States with more willingness and greater promptitude than under the circumstances could reasonably have been expected.

The proposed amendment to the Constitution has been ratified by each one of the States mentioned except from Mississippi, from which no official information has been received.

The President says: From all the information in my possession, and from that which I have recently received from the most reliable authority, I am induced to cherish the belief that sectional animosity is surely and rapidly merging itself into a spirit of nationality, and that representation, connected with a properly-adjusted system of taxation, will result in a harmonious restoration of the relations of the States to the National Union.

Lieutenant-General Grant's report, which the President transmits to the Senate, briefly reviews his tour of inspection throughout the South, and states he is satisfied the mass of thinking men in the South accept the present situation of affairs in good faith. He says he was pleased to find that the leading men whom he met not only accepted the decision arrived at as final, but that now, that the smoke of battle had cleared away and time has been given for reflection, the decision has been a fortunate one for the whole country. He also says there is such universal acquiescence in the authority of the General Government throughout the section of the country visited by him that the mere presence of a military force, without regard to numbers, is sufficient to maintain order.

The good of the country and economy require that the force left in the interior, where there are many freedmen, should be white. He further remarks:

"My observations lead me to the conclusion that the citizens of the Southern States are anxious to return to self-government within the Union as soon as possible, and, that, whilst reconstructing, they want and require protection from the Government."

The report is very interesting, and furnishes many favorable facts in regard to the condition of affairs in the Southern States, and shows throughout a friendly feeling towards the South.

[second Dispatch.]

Washington, December 19.
--Secretary Seward has addressed letters to the Provisional Governor and Governors of Georgia similar to those sent to Alabama.

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